0001124610-21-000045 10-Q 91 20210730 20210903 20210903 VMWARE, INC. 0001124610 7372 943292913 DE 0128 10-Q 34 001-33622 211236570 3401 HILLVIEW AVENUE PALO ALTO CA 94304 (650) 427-5000 3401 HILLVIEW AVENUE PALO ALTO CA 94304 VMWARE INC 20000923 10-Q 1 vmw-20210730.htm 10-Q 00011246101/282022Q2FALSEIncludes related party revenue as follows (refer to Note C): License $ 374 $ 364 $ 661 $ 687 Subscription and SaaS 195 122 368 237 Services 607 478 1,194 921 Includes stock-based compensation as follows: Cost of license revenue — — 1 1 Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue 5 5 11 9 Cost of services revenue 24 26 49 48 Research and development 150 132 277 257 Sales and marketing 81 88 153 159 General and administrative 33 42 64 91 12http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherAssetshttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherAssetshttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#PropertyPlantAndEquipmentAndFinanceLeaseRightOfUseAssetAfterAccumulatedDepreciationAndAmortizationhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#PropertyPlantAndEquipmentAndFinanceLeaseRightOfUseAssetAfterAccumulatedDepreciationAndAmortizationhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrentP3YP5Y00011246102021-01-302021-07-30xbrli:shares0001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-08-270001124610us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-08-27iso4217:USD0001124610us-gaap:LicenseMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:LicenseMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:LicenseMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:LicenseMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:ServiceMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:ServiceMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:ServiceMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:ServiceMember2020-02-012020-07-3100011246102021-05-012021-07-3000011246102020-05-022020-07-3100011246102020-02-012020-07-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0001124610us-gaap:LicenseMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:LicenseMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:LicenseMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:LicenseMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:CostOfLicenseRevenuesMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:CostOfLicenseRevenuesMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:CostOfLicenseRevenuesMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:CostOfLicenseRevenuesMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:CostOfSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:CostOfSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:CostOfSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:CostOfSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:CostOfServicesRevenuesMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:CostOfServicesRevenuesMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:CostOfServicesRevenuesMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:CostOfServicesRevenuesMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2020-02-012020-07-3100011246102021-07-3000011246102021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-01-2900011246102020-01-3100011246102020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-04-300001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-04-300001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-04-300001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-04-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-04-3000011246102021-04-300001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-05-010001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-05-010001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-05-010001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-05-010001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-05-0100011246102020-05-010001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-07-310001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-01-310001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-01-310001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-01-310001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-01-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-310001124610us-gaap:CommonStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-02-012020-07-31xbrli:pure0001124610vmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Membervmw:VMwareInc.Member2021-07-300001124610vmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Memberus-gaap:CommonClassAMembervmw:VMwareInc.Member2021-07-300001124610srt:MinimumMember2021-04-142021-04-140001124610srt:MaximumMember2021-04-142021-04-140001124610srt:MinimumMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Member2021-04-142021-04-140001124610srt:MaximumMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Member2021-04-142021-04-140001124610us-gaap:LicenseMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:LicenseMember2021-01-290001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-07-300001124610vmw:SubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:LicenseAndMaintenanceMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:LicenseAndMaintenanceMember2021-01-290001124610vmw:ServicesProfessionalMember2021-07-300001124610vmw:ServicesProfessionalMember2021-01-2900011246102021-07-312021-07-3000011246102021-01-302021-01-2900011246102022-07-312021-07-3000011246102022-01-302021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Memberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Memberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Membervmw:OriginalEquipmentManufacturerRevenueMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Membervmw:OriginalEquipmentManufacturerRevenueMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellActingAsOEMMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellActingAsOEMMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Memberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Memberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Membervmw:OriginalEquipmentManufacturerRevenueMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellTechnologiesInc.Membervmw:OriginalEquipmentManufacturerRevenueMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellActingAsOEMMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMembervmw:DellActingAsOEMMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:ProductOrServiceSoldPursuantToResellerArrangementMemberMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:ProductOrServiceSoldPursuantToResellerArrangementMemberMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:ProductOrServiceSoldPursuantToResellerArrangementMemberMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:ProductOrServiceSoldPursuantToResellerArrangementMemberMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:ProductOrServiceSoldPursuantToResellerArrangementMemberMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-07-300001124610vmw:ProductOrServiceSoldPursuantToResellerArrangementMemberMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-290001124610vmw:InternalUseProductAndServicesRevenuesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:InternalUseProductAndServicesRevenuesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:InternalUseProductAndServicesRevenuesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:InternalUseProductAndServicesRevenuesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:InternalUseProductAndServicesRevenuesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-07-300001124610vmw:InternalUseProductAndServicesRevenuesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-290001124610vmw:PurchasesofProductsandServicesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:PurchasesofProductsandServicesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:PurchasesofProductsandServicesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:PurchasesofProductsandServicesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:DellSubsidiarySupportandAdministrativeCostsMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:DellSubsidiarySupportandAdministrativeCostsMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:DellSubsidiarySupportandAdministrativeCostsMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:DellSubsidiarySupportandAdministrativeCostsMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:FinancialServicesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:FinancialServicesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:FinancialServicesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:TaxSharingAgreementMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:TaxSharingAgreementMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:TaxSharingAgreementMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:TaxSharingAgreementMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:TaxSharingAgreementMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-07-300001124610vmw:TaxSharingAgreementMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-290001124610vmw:DellNoteDueDecember2022Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableOtherPayablesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-07-300001124610vmw:DellNoteDueDecember2022Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableOtherPayablesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-29vmw:stockholder0001124610vmw:AppraisalActionMember2020-03-052020-03-050001124610vmw:AppraisalActionMember2020-03-050001124610vmw:AppraisalActionMember2020-06-232020-06-23vmw:patent0001124610vmw:CirbaInc.Vs.VMwareMember2019-04-252019-04-25vmw:trademark0001124610vmw:CirbaInc.Vs.VMwareMember2019-08-202019-08-200001124610vmw:CirbaInc.Vs.VMwareMember2020-01-242020-01-240001124610vmw:CirbaInc.Vs.VMwareMember2020-01-310001124610vmw:CirbaInc.Vs.VMwareMember2019-10-222019-10-220001124610vmw:CirbaInc.Vs.VMwareMember2020-02-012021-01-290001124610us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2020-02-012021-01-290001124610us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2020-02-012021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2020-02-012021-01-290001124610us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMembersrt:WeightedAverageMember2020-02-012021-01-290001124610us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember2021-01-29vmw:debt_instrument0001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-04-070001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-04-072020-04-070001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueAugust2022Member2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueAugust2022Member2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueAugust2027Member2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueAugust2027Member2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueMay152025Member2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueMay152025Member2021-01-290001124610vmw:NoteDueMay152027Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-07-300001124610vmw:NoteDueMay152027Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueMay152030Member2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:NoteDueMay152030Member2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-09-120001124610us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2017-09-122017-09-12vmw:extension0001124610us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:CashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableOtherPayablesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableOtherPayablesMemberus-gaap:MajorityShareholderMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2021-01-290001124610srt:MinimumMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610srt:MaximumMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-05-290001124610us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-07-150001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:PerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:PerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockMembervmw:VMwareRSUsMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockMembervmw:VMwareRSUsMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockMembervmw:VMwareRSUsMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2020-01-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-01-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2020-07-310001124610us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-07-31vmw:segment0001124610vmw:LicenseAndSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:LicenseAndSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:LicenseAndSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:LicenseAndSubscriptionAndSaaSRevenueMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:ServicesSoftwareMaintenanceMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:ServicesSoftwareMaintenanceMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:ServicesSoftwareMaintenanceMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:ServicesSoftwareMaintenanceMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610vmw:ServicesProfessionalMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610vmw:ServicesProfessionalMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610vmw:ServicesProfessionalMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:ServicesProfessionalMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610country:US2021-05-012021-07-300001124610country:US2020-05-022020-07-310001124610country:US2021-01-302021-07-300001124610country:US2020-02-012020-07-310001124610us-gaap:NonUsMember2021-05-012021-07-300001124610us-gaap:NonUsMember2020-05-022020-07-310001124610us-gaap:NonUsMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610us-gaap:NonUsMember2020-02-012020-07-310001124610country:US2021-07-300001124610country:US2021-01-290001124610us-gaap:NonUsMember2021-07-300001124610us-gaap:NonUsMember2021-01-290001124610vmw:AssetsBenchmarkMembercountry:USus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember2020-02-012021-01-290001124610vmw:AssetsBenchmarkMembercountry:USus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:AssetsBenchmarkMembercountry:INus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember2021-01-302021-07-300001124610vmw:AssetsBenchmarkMembercountry:INus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember2020-02-012021-01-290001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:A2021SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A2023NotesMember2021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A2024NotesMember2021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A2026NotesMember2021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A2028NotesMember2021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:A2031NotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMembervmw:A2021SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-08-022021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:A2021SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-08-022021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A2028NotesMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2021-08-022021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMembervmw:A2031NotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2021-08-022021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A2023NotesMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2021-08-022021-08-020001124610us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A2024NotesMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2021-08-022021-08-020001124610us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-09-020001124610us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-09-022021-09-020001124610vmw:VMWTermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A3YearSeniorUnsecuredTermLoanFacilityMember2021-09-022021-09-020001124610vmw:VMWTermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembervmw:A5YearSeniorUnsecuredTermLoanFacilityMember2021-09-022021-09-020001124610vmw:VMWTermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-09-020001124610srt:MinimumMembervmw:VMWTermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2021-09-022021-09-020001124610srt:MaximumMembervmw:VMWTermLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2021-09-022021-09-02 Table of Contents UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Washington, D.C. 20549 Form 10-Q (Mark One) ? QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 For the quarterly period ended July 30, 2021 OR ? TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 For the transition period from to Commission File Number 001-33622 _______________________________________________________ VMWARE, INC. (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) _______________________________________________________ Delaware 94-3292913 (State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer incorporation or organization) Identification Number) 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 (Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code) (650) 427-5000 (Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) _____________________________________________________ Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: Name of each exchange on which Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) registered Class A common stock VMW New York Stock Exchange Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ? No ? Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ? No ? Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer ? Accelerated filer ? Non-accelerated filer ? Smaller reporting company ? Emerging growth company ? If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ? Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ? No ? As of August 27, 2021, the number of shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the registrant outstanding was 418,751,917, of which 111,530,081 shares were Class A common stock and 307,221,836 were Class B common stock. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS Page PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited) 3 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income 3 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income 4 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets 5 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 6 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity 7 Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 8 Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results 27 of Operations Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 41 Item 4. Controls and Procedures 41 PART II – OTHER INFORMATION Item 1. Legal Proceedings 42 Item 1A. Risk Factors 42 Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 62 Item 5. Other Information 63 Item 6. Exhibits 65 SIGNATURE 66 VMware, Pivotal, vSphere, vRealize, Workspace ONE, Carbon Black, Tanzu, CloudHealth, VeloCloud, NSX, VMware vSAN, Horizon, Heptio, CloudHealth, and Nyansa are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware or its subsidiaries in the United States and other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies. 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS VMware, Inc. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands) (unaudited) Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Revenue(1): License $ 738 $ 719 $ 1,384 $ 1,379 Subscription and SaaS 776 631 1,516 1,204 Services 1,624 1,525 3,232 3,026 Total revenue 3,138 2,875 6,132 5,609 Operating expenses(2): Cost of license revenue 37 35 75 74 Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue 170 132 327 258 Cost of services revenue 352 321 689 639 Research and development 775 679 1,483 1,344 Sales and marketing 1,023 897 1,981 1,814 General and administrative 256 277 492 523 Realignment — — 1 4 Operating income 525 534 1,084 953 Investment income 1 1 1 7 Interest expense (49) (55) (99) (104) Other income (expense), net 3 15 (19) 8 Income before income tax 480 495 967 864 Income tax provision 69 48 131 31 Net income $ 411 $ 447 $ 836 $ 833 Net income per weighted-average share, basic for Classes A and B $ 0.98 $ 1.06 $ 1.99 $ 1.99 Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B $ 0.97 $ 1.06 $ 1.98 $ 1.97 Weighted-average shares, basic for Classes A and B 419,355 420,031 419,235 419,208 Weighted-average shares, diluted for Classes A and B 422,802 423,050 422,419 422,428 __________ (1) Includes related party revenue as follows (refer to Note C): License $ 374 $ 364 $ 661 $ 687 Subscription and SaaS 195 122 368 237 Services 606 478 1,194 921 (2) Includes stock-based compensation as follows: Cost of license revenue $ — $ — $ 1 $ 1 Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue 5 5 11 9 Cost of services revenue 24 26 49 48 Research and development 150 132 277 257 Sales and marketing 81 88 153 159 General and administrative 33 42 64 91 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements. 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (in millions) (unaudited) Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Net income $ 411 $ 447 $ 836 $ 833 Other comprehensive income (loss): Changes in fair value of effective foreign currency forward contracts: Unrealized gains (losses), net of tax provision (benefit) of $—, $1, $— and ($1) 1 5 2 (5) Reclassification of (gains) losses realized during the period, net of tax (provision) benefit of $—, $1, $— and $— (1) 3 — — Net change in fair value of effective foreign currency forward contracts — 8 2 (5) Foreign currency translation adjustments — 1 — — Total other comprehensive income (loss) — 9 2 (5) Comprehensive income, net of taxes $ 411 $ 456 $ 838 $ 828 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements. 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands) (unaudited) July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 ASSETS Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,855 $ 4,692 Short-term investments 82 23 Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $4 and $5 1,718 1,929 Due from related parties, net 915 1,438 Other current assets 604 530 Total current assets 9,174 8,612 Property and equipment, net 1,373 1,334 Other assets 2,678 2,697 Deferred tax assets 5,785 5,781 Intangible assets, net 856 993 Goodwill 9,598 9,599 Total assets $ 29,464 $ 29,016 LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY Current liabilities: Accounts payable $ 220 $ 131 Accrued expenses and other 2,176 2,382 Unearned revenue 5,879 5,873 Total current liabilities 8,275 8,386 Note payable to Dell 270 270 Long-term debt 4,721 4,717 Unearned revenue 4,459 4,441 Income tax payable 768 805 Operating lease liabilities 912 891 Other liabilities 439 455 Total liabilities 19,844 19,965 Contingencies (refer to Note D) Stockholders’ equity: Class A common stock, par value $0.01; authorized 2,500,000 shares; issued and outstanding 111,753 and 112,082 shares 1 1 Class B convertible common stock, par value $0.01; authorized 1,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 307,222 shares 3 3 Additional paid-in capital 1,716 1,985 Accumulated other comprehensive loss (3) (5) Retained earnings 7,903 7,067 Total stockholders’ equity 9,620 9,051 Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 29,464 $ 29,016 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements. 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (in millions) (unaudited) Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 Operating activities: Net income $ 836 $ 833 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 544 496 Stock-based compensation 555 565 Deferred income taxes, net (31) (196) Unrealized (gain) loss on equity securities, net 34 (6) (Gain) loss on disposition of assets, revaluation and impairment, net 3 7 Loss on extinguishment of debt — 8 Other 4 (2) Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions: Accounts receivable 206 (79) Other current assets and other assets (390) (345) Due to/from related parties, net 522 560 Accounts payable 70 11 Accrued expenses and other liabilities (218) 207 Income taxes payable (29) (51) Unearned revenue 24 86 Net cash provided by operating activities 2,130 2,094 Investing activities: Additions to property and equipment (157) (163) Sales of investments in equity securities 34 — Purchases of strategic investments (7) (11) Proceeds from disposition of assets 1 21 Business combinations, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangible assets (15) (335) Net cash used in investing activities (144) (488) Financing activities: Proceeds from issuance of common stock 139 142 Net proceeds from issuance of long-term debt — 1,979 Repayment of current portion of long-term debt — (1,257) Repurchase of common stock (729) (311) Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock (242) (276) Payment to acquire non-controlling interests — (91) Principal payments on finance lease obligations (2) (1) Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities (834) 185 Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 1,152 1,791 Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period 4,770 3,031 Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period $ 5,922 $ 4,822 Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information: Cash paid for interest $ 97 $ 91 Cash paid for taxes, net 204 282 Non-cash items: Changes in capital additions, accrued but not paid $ 11 $ (7) The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements. 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (in millions) (unaudited) Three Months Ended July 30, 2021 Class B Accumulated Class A Convertible Additional Other Common Stock Common Stock Paid-in Retained Comprehensive Stockholders’ Shares Par Value Shares Par Value Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Equity Balance, April 30, 2021 111 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 1,960 $ 7,492 $ (3) $ 9,453 Proceeds from issuance of common stock — — — — 8 — — 8 Repurchase and retirement of common stock (2) — — — (358) — — (358) Issuance of restricted stock 4 — — — — — — — Shares withheld for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock (1) — — — (191) — — (191) Stock-based compensation — — — — 297 — — 297 Net income — — — — — 411 — 411 Balance, July 30, 2021 112 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 1,716 $ 7,903 $ (3) $ 9,620 Six Months Ended July 30, 2021 Class B Accumulated Class A Convertible Additional Other Common Stock Common Stock Paid-in Retained Comprehensive Stockholders’ Shares Par Value Shares Par Value Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Equity Balance, January 29, 2021 112 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 1,985 $ 7,067 $ (5) $ 9,051 Proceeds from issuance of common stock 2 — — — 139 — — 139 Repurchase and retirement of common stock (5) — — — (729) — — (729) Issuance of restricted stock 4 — — — — — — — Shares withheld for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock (1) — — — (243) — — (243) Stock-based compensation — — — — 564 — — 564 Total other comprehensive income (loss) — — — — — — 2 2 Net income — — — — — 836 — 836 Balance, July 30, 2021 112 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 1,716 $ 7,903 $ (3) $ 9,620 Three Months Ended July 31, 2020 Class B Accumulated Class A Convertible Additional Other Common Stock Common Stock Paid-in Retained Comprehensive Stockholders’ Shares Par Value Shares Par Value Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Equity Balance, May 1, 2020 112 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 2,047 $ 5,395 $ (18) $ 7,428 Proceeds from issuance of common stock 1 — — — 31 — — 31 Repurchase and retirement of common stock (1) — — — (130) — — (130) Issuance of restricted stock 2 — — — — — — — Shares withheld for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock (1) — — — (120) — — (120) Stock-based compensation — — — — 287 — — 287 Amount due from tax sharing arrangement — — — — (45) — — (45) Total other comprehensive income (loss) — — — — — — 9 9 Net income — — — — — 447 — 447 Balance, July 31, 2020 113 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 2,070 $ 5,842 $ (9) $ 7,907 Six Months Ended July 31, 2020 Class B Accumulated Class A Convertible Additional Other Common Stock Common Stock Paid-in Retained Comprehensive Stockholders’ Shares Par Value Shares Par Value Capital Earnings Income (Loss) Equity Balance, January 31, 2020 110 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 2,000 $ 5,009 $ (4) $ 7,009 Proceeds from issuance of common stock 2 — — — 142 — — 142 Repurchase and retirement of common stock (2) — — — (311) — — (311) Issuance of restricted stock 5 — — — — — — — Shares withheld for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock (2) — — — (275) — — (275) Stock-based compensation — — — — 559 — — 559 Amount due from tax sharing arrangement — — — — (45) — — (45) Total other comprehensive income (loss) — — — — — — (5) (5) Net income — — — — — 833 — 833 Balance, July 31, 2020 113 $ 1 307 $ 3 $ 2,070 $ 5,842 $ (9) $ 7,907 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements. 7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) A. Overview and Basis of Presentation Company and Background VMware, Inc. (“VMware” or the “Company”) originally pioneered the development and application of virtualization technologies with x86 server-based computing, separating application software from the underlying hardware. Information technology (“IT”) driven innovation continues to disrupt markets and industries. Technologies emerge faster than organizations can absorb, creating increasingly complex environments. IT is working at an accelerated pace to harness new technologies, platforms and cloud models, ultimately guiding businesses through a digital transformation. To take on these challenges, VMware is working with customers in the areas of hybrid and multi-cloud, virtual cloud networking, digital workspaces, modern applications and intrinsic security. VMware’s software provides a flexible digital foundation to enable customers in their digital transformation. Accounting Principles The financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Unaudited Interim Financial Information The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim financial reporting. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments and accruals, for a fair statement of VMware’s condensed consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the periods presented. Results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full fiscal year 2022. Certain information and footnote disclosures typically included in annual consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in VMware’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 26, 2021. Effective September 7, 2016, Dell Technologies Inc. (“Dell”) (formerly Denali Holding Inc.) acquired EMC Corporation (“EMC”), VMware’s parent company, including EMC’s majority control of VMware. As of July 30, 2021, Dell controlled 80.6% of VMware’s outstanding common stock and 97.5% of the combined voting power of VMware’s outstanding common stock, including 31 million shares of VMware’s Class A common stock (“Class A Stock”) and all of VMware’s Class B common stock (“Class B Stock”). As VMware is a majority-owned and controlled subsidiary of Dell, its results of operations and financial position are consolidated with Dell’s financial statements. On April 14, 2021, VMware and Dell entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement (the “Separation Agreement”), pursuant to which, subject to the satisfaction of all closing conditions, Dell will distribute the shares of Class A Stock and Class B Stock (collectively, the “Common Stock”) owned by its wholly owned subsidiaries, to the holders of shares of Dell as of a record date determined pursuant to the Separation Agreement on a pro rata basis (the “Spin-Off”). Immediately following, and automatically as a result of the Spin-Off, and prior to receipt thereof by Dell’s stockholders, each share of Class B Stock will automatically convert into one fully paid and non-assessable share of Class A Stock. Subject to the various conditions, VMware will also pay a cash dividend, pro rata, to each of the holders of Common Stock (including Dell) immediately prior to the Spin-Off in an aggregate amount equal to an amount to be mutually agreed by Dell and VMware between $11.5 billion and $12.0 billion (the “Special Dividend”). As a result of the Spin-Off, Michael Dell, chairman and chief executive officer of Dell, and Silver Lake Partners, of which Egon Durban, a VMware director, is a managing partner, will own direct interests in VMware. Dell would receive approximately $9.3 billion to $9.7 billion in cash based on Dell's current 80.6% ownership in VMware as of July 30, 2021. VMware expects to fund the Special Dividend through its cash reserves and incremental indebtedness. Refer to Note N for more information regarding the Company’s incremental indebtedness, including its recent notes offering. The Spin-Off is expected to close during the fourth quarter of calendar 2021, subject to certain closing conditions, including receipt of a favorable Internal Revenue Service ruling that the distribution of shares to Dell and its stockholders will qualify as generally tax-free for United States (“U.S.”) federal income tax purposes. Management believes the assumptions underlying the condensed consolidated financial statements are reasonable. However, the amounts recorded for VMware’s related party transactions with Dell and its consolidated subsidiaries may not be 8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) considered arm’s length with an unrelated third party. Therefore, the condensed consolidated financial statements included herein may not necessarily reflect the results of operations, financial position and cash flows had VMware engaged in such transactions with an unrelated third party during all periods presented. Accordingly, VMware’s historical financial information is not necessarily indicative of what the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows will be in the future, if and when VMware contracts at arm’s length with unrelated third parties for products and services the Company receives from and provides to Dell. Principles of Consolidation The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of VMware and subsidiaries in which VMware has a controlling financial interest. All intercompany transactions and account balances between VMware and its subsidiaries have been eliminated in consolidation. Transactions with Dell and its consolidated subsidiaries are generally settled in cash and are classified on the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows based upon the nature of the underlying transaction. Use of Accounting Estimates The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, trade receivable valuation, marketing development funds, expected period of benefit for deferred commissions, useful lives assigned to fixed assets and intangible assets, valuation of goodwill and definite-lived intangibles, income taxes, stock-based compensation and contingencies. Actual results could differ from those estimates. To the extent the Company’s actual results differ materially from those estimates and assumptions, VMware’s future financial statements could be affected. Recently Adopted Accounting Standards Effective January 30, 2021, VMware adopted, on a modified retrospective basis, Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. This update simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments and contracts in an entity’s own equity and amends the diluted earnings per share guidance for greater consistency within the standard. The standard did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements except for the calculation of the year-to-date weighted-average diluted share count, which did not have a material impact on the Company’s diluted net income per share for the six months ended July 30, 2021. Effective January 30, 2021, VMware adopted ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740), simplifying the accounting for income taxes. The standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. B. Revenue, Unearned Revenue and Remaining Performance Obligations Revenue Contract Assets A contract asset is recognized when a conditional right to consideration exists and transfer of control has occurred. Contract assets include fixed fee professional services where transfer of services has occurred in advance of the Company’s right to invoice. Contract assets are classified as accounts receivables upon invoicing. Contract assets are included in other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Contract assets were $45 million and $43 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively. Contract asset balances will fluctuate based upon the timing of the transfer of services, billings and customers’ acceptance of contractual milestones. Contract Liabilities Contract liabilities consist of unearned revenue, which is generally recorded when VMware has the right to invoice or payments have been received for undelivered products or services. Customer Deposits Customer deposits include prepayments from customers related to amounts received for contracts that include certain cancellation rights. Purchased credits eligible for redemption of VMware’s hosted services (“cloud credits”) are included in customer deposits until the cloud credit is consumed or is contractually committed to a specific hosted service. Cloud credits are redeemable by the customer for the gross value of the hosted offering. Upon contractual commitment for a hosted service, the net value of the cloud credits that are expected to be recognized as revenue when the obligation is fulfilled will be classified as unearned revenue. 9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) As of July 30, 2021, customer deposits related to customer prepayments and cloud credits of $310 million were included in accrued expenses and other, and $158 million were included in other liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of January 29, 2021, customer deposits related to customer prepayments and cloud credits of $294 million were included in accrued expenses and other, and $163 million were included in other liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Deferred Commissions Deferred commissions are classified as current or non-current based on the duration of the expected period of benefit. Deferred commissions, including the employer portion of payroll taxes, included in other current assets as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021 were $15 million and $31 million, respectively. Deferred commissions included in other assets were $1.2 billion and $1.1 billion as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively. Amortization expense for deferred commissions was included in sales and marketing on the condensed consolidated statements of income and was $128 million and $253 million during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, respectively, and $106 million and $206 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Unearned Revenue Unearned revenue as of the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Unearned license revenue $ 20 $ 15 Unearned subscription and SaaS revenue 2,208 1,998 Unearned software maintenance revenue 6,916 7,092 Unearned professional services revenue 1,194 1,209 Total unearned revenue $ 10,338 $ 10,314 Unearned subscription and SaaS revenue is generally recognized over time as customers consume the services or ratably over the term of the subscription, commencing upon provisioning of the service. Unearned software maintenance revenue is attributable to VMware’s maintenance contracts and is generally recognized ratably over the contract duration. The weighted-average remaining contractual term as of July 30, 2021 was approximately two years. Unearned professional services revenue results primarily from prepaid professional services and is generally recognized as the services are performed. Total billings and revenue recognized during the three months ended July 30, 2021 were $2.2 billion and $2.0 billion, respectively, and did not include amounts for performance obligations that were fully satisfied upon delivery, such as on-premises licenses. Total billings and revenue recognized during the six months ended July 30, 2021 were $4.1 billion and $4.0 billion, respectively, and did not include amounts for performance obligations that were fully satisfied upon delivery, such as on-premises licenses. Revenue recognized during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020 was $1.8 billion and $3.6 billion, respectively, and did not include amounts for performance obligations that were fully satisfied upon delivery, such as on-premises licenses. Remaining Performance Obligations Remaining performance obligations represent the aggregate amount of the transaction price in contracts allocated to performance obligations not delivered, or partially undelivered, as of the end of the reporting period. Remaining performance obligations include unearned revenue, multi-year contracts with future installment payments and certain unfulfilled orders against accepted non-cancellable customer contracts at the end of any given period. As of July 30, 2021, the aggregate transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $11.2 billion, of which approximately 56% is expected to be recognized as revenue over the next twelve months and the remainder thereafter. As of January 29, 2021, the aggregate transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $11.3 billion, of which approximately 55% was expected to be recognized as revenue during fiscal 2022, and the remainder thereafter. C. Related Parties The information provided below includes a summary of transactions with Dell and Dell’s consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, “Dell”). 10 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Transactions with Dell VMware and Dell engaged in the following ongoing related party transactions, which resulted in revenue and receipts, and unearned revenue for VMware: •Pursuant to original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) and reseller arrangements, Dell integrates or bundles VMware’s products and services with Dell’s products and sells them to end users. Dell also acts as a distributor, purchasing VMware’s standalone products and services for resale to end-user customers through VMware-authorized resellers. Revenue under these arrangements is presented net of related marketing development funds and rebates paid to Dell. In addition, VMware provides professional services to end users based upon contractual agreements with Dell. •Dell purchases products and services from VMware for its internal use. •From time to time, VMware and Dell enter into agreements to collaborate on technology projects, and Dell pays VMware for services or reimburses VMware for costs incurred by VMware, in connection with such projects. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue from Dell accounted for 37% and 36% of VMware’s consolidated revenue, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue recognized on transactions where Dell acted as an OEM accounted for 12% and 13% of total revenue from Dell, respectively, or 5% and 5% of VMware’s consolidated revenue, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, revenue from Dell accounted for 34% and 33% of VMware’s consolidated revenue, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, revenue recognized on transactions where Dell acted as an OEM accounted for 12% of total revenue from Dell, or 4% of VMware’s consolidated revenue. Dell purchases VMware products and services directly from VMware, as well as through VMware’s channel partners. Information about VMware’s revenue and receipts, and unearned revenue from such arrangements, for the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): Revenue and Receipts Unearned Revenue Three Months Ended Six Months Ended As of July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, July 30, January 29, 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2021 Reseller revenue $ 1,162 $ 948 $ 2,198 $ 1,810 $ 5,092 $ 4,952 Internal-use revenue 13 16 25 35 34 45 Receipts from Dell for collaborative technology projects were not material during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020. Customer deposits resulting from transactions with Dell were $221 million and $214 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively. VMware and Dell engaged in the following ongoing related party transactions, which resulted in costs to VMware: •VMware purchases and leases products and purchases services from Dell. •From time to time, VMware and Dell enter into agreements to collaborate on technology projects, and VMware pays Dell for services provided to VMware by Dell related to such projects. •In certain geographic regions where VMware does not have an established legal entity, VMware contracts with Dell subsidiaries for support services and support from Dell personnel who are managed by VMware. The costs incurred by Dell on VMware’s behalf related to these employees are charged to VMware with a mark-up intended to approximate costs that would have been incurred had VMware contracted for such services with an unrelated third party. These costs are included as expenses on VMware’s condensed consolidated statements of income and primarily include salaries, benefits, travel and occupancy expenses. Dell also incurs certain administrative costs on VMware’s behalf in the U.S. that are recorded as expenses on VMware’s condensed consolidated statements of income. •In certain geographic regions, Dell files a consolidated indirect tax return, which includes value added taxes and other indirect taxes collected by VMware from its customers. VMware remits the indirect taxes to Dell, and Dell remits the tax payment to the foreign governments on VMware’s behalf. •From time to time, VMware invoices end users on behalf of Dell for certain services rendered by Dell. Cash related to these services is collected from the end user by VMware and remitted to Dell. 11 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) •From time to time, VMware enters into agency arrangements with Dell that enable VMware to sell its subscriptions and services, leveraging the Dell enterprise relationships and end customer contracts. Information about VMware’s payments for such arrangements during the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Purchases and leases of products and purchases of services(1) $ 61 $ 45 $ 107 $ 89 Dell subsidiary support and administrative costs 10 15 24 42 (1) Amount includes indirect taxes that were remitted to Dell during the periods presented. VMware also purchases Dell products through Dell’s channel partners. Purchases of Dell products through Dell’s channel partners were not significant during the periods presented. From time to time, VMware and Dell also enter into joint marketing, sales, branding and product development arrangements, for which both parties may incur costs. In connection with and subject to the consummation of the Spin-Off, VMware and Dell have agreed to enter into a commercial agreement that is intended to preserve and enhance the Company’s strategic partnership with Dell to deliver joint customer value and a transition services agreement to facilitate the transactions and the operation of the Company and Dell following the Spin-Off. Dell Financial Services (“DFS”) DFS provided financing to certain of VMware’s end users at the end users’ discretion. Upon acceptance of the financing arrangement by both VMware’s end users and DFS, amounts classified as trade accounts receivable are reclassified to due from related parties, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Revenue recognized on transactions financed through DFS was recorded net of financing fees. Financing fees on arrangements accepted by both parties were not significant during the three months ended July 30, 2021 and were $15 million during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Financing fees on arrangements accepted by both parties were $18 million and $31 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Tax Agreements with Dell In connection with the Spin-Off and concurrently with the execution of the Separation Agreement, effective as of April 14, 2021, VMware and Dell entered into a Tax Matters Agreement (the “Tax Matters Agreement”) and agreed to terminate the tax sharing agreement as amended on December 30, 2019 (together, the “Tax Agreements”). The Tax Matters Agreement governs the Company’s and Dell’s respective rights and obligations, both for pre-Spin-Off periods and post-Spin-Off periods, regarding income and other taxes, and related matters, including tax liabilities and benefits, attributes and returns. Payments made to Dell pursuant to the Tax Agreements were $73 million and $86 million during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, respectively, and were $142 million and $167 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Refunds received from Dell pursuant to the Tax Agreement were $45 million during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Payments from VMware to Dell under the Tax Agreements relate to VMware’s portion of federal income taxes on Dell’s consolidated tax return as well as state tax payments for combined states. The timing of the tax payments due to and from related parties is governed by the Tax Agreements. VMware’s portion of the mandatory one-time transition tax on accumulated earnings of foreign subsidiaries (the “Transition Tax”) is governed by a letter agreement between Dell, EMC and VMware executed on April 1, 2019 (the “Letter Agreement”). VMware’s portion of federal income taxes on Dell’s consolidated tax return differ from the amounts VMware would owe on a separate tax return basis and VMware’s payments to Dell generally are capped at the amount that VMware would have paid on a separate tax return basis. The difference between the amount of tax calculated on a separate tax return basis and the amount of tax calculated pursuant to the Tax Agreements that was recorded in additional paid-in capital was not significant during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and was $45 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. As a result of the activity under the Tax Agreements with Dell, amounts due to Dell were $415 million and $451 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively, primarily related to VMware’s estimated tax obligation resulting from the 12 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Transition Tax. The 2017 Tax Act included a deferral election for an eight-year installment payment method on the Transition Tax. The Company expects to pay the remainder of its Transition Tax over a period of four years. Pivotal Tax Sharing Agreement with Dell During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, VMware completed the acquisition of Pivotal. Pivotal continues to file its separate tax return for U.S. federal income tax purposes as it left the Dell consolidated tax group at the time of Pivotal’s IPO in April 2018. Pivotal continues to be included on Dell’s unitary state tax returns. Pursuant to a tax sharing agreement, Pivotal historically received payments from Dell for tax benefits that Dell realized due to Pivotal’s inclusion on such returns. There were no payments received from Dell during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020. Due To/From Related Parties, Net Amounts due to and from related parties, net as of the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Due from related parties, current $ 1,036 $ 1,558 Due to related parties, current(1) 121 120 Due from related parties, net, current $ 915 $ 1,438 (1) Includes an immaterial amount related to the Company’s current operating lease liabilities due to related parties. The Company also recognized an immaterial amount related to non-current operating lease liabilities due to related parties. This amount has been included in operating lease liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021. Amounts included in due from related parties, net, current, with the exception of DFS and tax obligations, are generally settled in cash within 60 days of each quarter-end. Notes Payable to Dell As of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, VMware had an outstanding promissory note payable to Dell in the principal amount of $270 million due December 1, 2022. The note may be prepaid without penalty or premium. Interest is payable quarterly in arrears at the annual rate of 1.75%. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020, interest expense on the notes payable to Dell was not significant. D. Commitments and Contingencies Litigation On March 5, 2020, two purported Pivotal stockholders filed a petition for appraisal in the Delaware Court of Chancery (the “Court”) seeking a judicial determination of the fair value of an aggregate total of 10,000,100 Pivotal shares (the “Appraisal Action”). Separately, on June 4, 2020, purported Pivotal stockholder Kenia Lopez filed a lawsuit in the Court against Dell, VMware, Michael Dell, Robert Mee, and Cynthia Gaylor (the “Lopez Action”), which alleges breach of fiduciary duty and aiding and abetting, all tied to VMware’s acquisition of Pivotal. On July 16, 2020, purported Pivotal stockholder Stephanie Howarth filed a similar lawsuit against the same defendants asserting similar claims (the “Howarth Action”). On August 14, 2020, the Court entered an order consolidating the Appraisal Action, the Lopez Action, and the Howarth Action into a single action (the “Consolidated Action”) for all purposes including pretrial discovery and trial. The Court has not yet issued a scheduling order for the Consolidated Action, but the parties have moved forward with pretrial discovery. On June 23, 2020, the Company made a payment of $91 million to the petitioners in the Appraisal Action, which reduces the Company’s exposure to accumulating interest. In addition, on September 23, 2020, the Company filed a motion to dismiss the claims asserted in the Lopez Action and the Howarth Action, a hearing on this motion occurred on April 27, 2021 and the Court denied the motion on June 29, 2021. The parties are now in the discovery stage of the lawsuit. The trial is scheduled to begin on July 6, 2022. The Company is unable at this time to assess whether or to what extent it may be found liable and, if found liable, what the damages may be, and believes a loss is not probable and reasonably estimable. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself in connection with this matter. On April 25, 2019, Cirba Inc. and Cirba IP, Inc. (collectively, “Cirba”) sued VMware in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (the “Delaware Court”) for allegedly infringing two patents and three trademarks (“First Action”). After an August 6, 2019 hearing, the Delaware Court denied Cirba’s preliminary injunction motion. On August 20, 2019, VMware filed counterclaims against Cirba for infringing four VMware patents. The Delaware Court severed VMware’s patent 13 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) infringement counterclaims from Cirba’s claims. On January 24, 2020, a jury returned a verdict that VMware had willfully infringed Cirba’s two patents and awarded approximately $237 million in damages. As to Cirba’s trademark-related claims, the jury found that VMware was not liable. A total of $237 million was accrued for the First Action as of January 31, 2020, which reflected the estimated losses that were considered both probable and reasonably estimable at that time. The amount accrued for this matter was included in accrued expenses and other on the consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2020 and the charge was included in general and administrative expense on the consolidated statement of income for the year ended January 31, 2020. On March 9, 2020, the parties filed post-trial motions in the First Action. On December 21, 2020, the Delaware Court granted VMware’s request for a new trial based, in part, on Cirba Inc.’s lack of standing, set aside the verdict and damages award, and denied Cirba’s post-trial motions (the “Post-Trial Order”). On October 22, 2019, VMware filed a separate lawsuit against Cirba Inc. in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia for infringing four additional VMware patents (“Second Action”). The Second Action was transferred to the Delaware Court on February 25, 2020. On March 23, 2020, Cirba filed a counterclaim against VMware in the Second Action alleging infringement of an additional Cirba patent. The Delaware Court consolidated the First and Second Actions and ordered a consolidated trial on all of the parties’ patent infringement claims and counterclaims. On January 20, 2021, Cirba moved to certify the Post-Trial Order to enable an interlocutory appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and on May 3, 2021 the Court denied Cirba’s motion. Also, on May 3, 2021, the Court granted Cirba’s motion for leave to assert an additional patent against VMware. Separately, VMware has filed challenges with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office against each of the four patents that are the subject of Cirba’s allegations. To date, of the four challenges, two ex parte reexams have been granted and one Inter Partes Review has been instituted. As of January 29, 2021, the Company reassessed its estimated loss accrual for the First Action based on the Post-Trial Order and determined that a loss was no longer probable and reasonably estimable with respect to the consolidated First and Second Actions. Accordingly, the estimated loss accrual of $237 million recorded on the consolidated balance sheet was derecognized, with the credit included in general and administrative expense on the consolidated income statement for the year ended January 29, 2021. The Company is unable at this time to assess whether, or to what extent, it may be found liable and, if found liable, what the damages may be. The Company intends to vigorously defend against this matter. In December 2019, the staff of the Enforcement Division of the SEC requested documents and information related to VMware’s backlog and associated accounting and disclosures. VMware is fully cooperating with the SEC’s investigation and is unable to predict the outcome of this matter at this time. While VMware believes that it has valid defenses against each of the above legal matters, given the unpredictable nature of legal proceedings, an unfavorable resolution of one or more legal proceedings, claims, or investigations could have a material adverse effect on VMware’s consolidated financial statements. VMware accrues for a liability when a determination has been made that a loss is both probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. If only a range can be estimated and no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount, an accrual is recorded for the minimum amount in the range. Significant judgment is required in both the determination that the occurrence of a loss is probable and is reasonably estimable. In making such judgments, VMware considers the impact of negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel and other information and events pertaining to a particular matter. Legal costs are generally recognized as expense when incurred. VMware is also subject to other legal, administrative and regulatory proceedings, claims, demands and investigations in the ordinary course of business or in connection with business mergers and acquisitions, including claims with respect to commercial, contracting and sales practices, product liability, intellectual property, employment, corporate and securities law, class action, whistleblower and other matters. From time to time, VMware also receives inquiries from and has discussions with government entities and stockholders on various matters. As of July 30, 2021, amounts accrued relating to these other matters arising as part of the ordinary course of business were considered not material. VMware does not believe that any liability from any reasonably possible disposition of such claims and litigation, individually or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements. 14 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) E. Definite-Lived Intangible Assets, Net As of the periods presented, definite-lived intangible assets consisted of the following (amounts in tables in millions): July 30, 2021 Weighted-Average Useful Lives Gross Carrying Accumulated (in years) Amount Amortization Net Book Value Purchased technology 5.3 $ 940 $ (525) $ 415 Customer relationships and customer lists 11.5 725 (330) 395 Trademarks and tradenames 7.7 131 (87) 44 Other 2.0 21 (19) 2 Total definite-lived intangible assets $ 1,817 $ (961) $ 856 January 29, 2021 Weighted-Average Useful Lives Gross Carrying Accumulated (in years) Amount Amortization Net Book Value Purchased technology 5.3 $ 948 $ (462) $ 486 Customer relationships and customer lists 11.4 727 (281) 446 Trademarks and tradenames 7.6 132 (78) 54 Other 2.0 21 (14) 7 Total definite-lived intangible assets $ 1,828 $ (835) $ 993 Amortization expense on definite-lived intangible assets was $77 million and $154 million during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, respectively, and $81 million and $161 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Based on intangible assets recorded as of July 30, 2021 and assuming no subsequent additions, dispositions or impairment of underlying assets, the remaining estimated annual amortization expense over the next five fiscal years and thereafter is expected to be as follows (table in millions): Remainder of 2022 $ 149 2023 252 2024 200 2025 107 2026 67 Thereafter 81 Total $ 856 F. Net Income Per Share Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common stock outstanding and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period, as calculated using the treasury stock method. Potentially dilutive securities primarily include unvested restricted stock units (“RSUs”), including performance stock unit (“PSU”) awards, and stock options, including purchase options under VMware’s employee stock purchase plan. Securities are excluded from the computation of diluted net income per share if their effect would be anti-dilutive. VMware uses the two-class method to calculate net income per share. Since both classes share the same rights in dividends, basic and diluted earnings per share are the same for both classes. 15 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) The following table sets forth the computations of basic and diluted net income per share during the periods presented (table in millions, except per share amounts and shares in thousands): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Net income $ 411 $ 447 $ 836 $ 833 Weighted-average shares, basic for Classes A and B 419,355 420,031 419,235 419,208 Effect of other dilutive securities 3,447 3,019 3,184 3,220 Weighted-average shares, diluted for Classes A and B 422,802 423,050 422,419 422,428 Net income per weighted-average share, basic for Classes A and B $ 0.98 $ 1.06 $ 1.99 $ 1.99 Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B $ 0.97 $ 1.06 $ 1.98 $ 1.97 The following table sets forth the weighted-average common share equivalents of Class A common stock that were excluded from the diluted net income per share calculations during the periods presented because their effect would have been anti-dilutive (shares in thousands): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Anti-dilutive securities: Employee stock options 3 170 22 233 Restricted stock units 237 5,727 375 4,664 Total 240 5,897 397 4,897 G. Cash, Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash and Short-Term Investments Cash and Cash Equivalents Cash and cash equivalents totaled $5.9 billion and $4.7 billion as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively. Cash equivalents were $4.9 billion as of July 30, 2021 and consisted of money-market funds of $4.9 billion and time deposits of $50 million. Cash equivalents were $3.8 billion as of January 29, 2021 and consisted of money-market funds of $3.7 billion and time deposits of $102 million. Restricted Cash The following table provides a reconciliation of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, and current and non-current portion of restricted cash reported on the condensed consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021 (table in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,855 $ 4,692 Restricted cash within other current assets 60 56 Restricted cash within other assets 7 22 Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ 5,922 $ 4,770 Amounts included in restricted cash primarily relate to certain employee-related benefits, as well as amounts related to installment payments to certain employees as part of acquisitions, subject to the achievement of specified future employment conditions. 16 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Short-Term Investments Short-term investments totaled $82 million and $23 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively, and consisted of marketable equity securities. Short-term investments as of July 30, 2021 consisted of marketable equity securities that were previously subject to a certain sale restriction and therefore were classified as other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 29, 2021. Refer to Note I for more information regarding the Company’s marketable equity securities. H. Debt Unsecured Senior Notes On April 7, 2020, VMware issued three series of unsecured senior notes pursuant to a public debt offering. The proceeds from the issuance were $2.0 billion, net of debt discount of $3 million and debt issuance costs of $17 million. VMware also has three series of unsecured senior notes issued on August 21, 2017 (collectively with the notes issued April 7, 2020, the “Senior Notes”). The carrying value of the Senior Notes as of the periods presented was as follows (amounts in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Effective Interest Rate Senior Notes issued August 21, 2017: 2.95% Senior Note Due August 21, 2022 $ 1,500 $ 1,500 3.17% 3.90% Senior Note Due August 21, 2027 1,250 1,250 4.05% Senior Notes issued April 7, 2020: 4.50% Senior Note Due May 15, 2025 750 750 4.70% 4.65% Senior Note Due May 15, 2027 500 500 4.80% 4.70% Senior Note Due May 15, 2030 750 750 4.86% Total principal amount 4,750 4,750 Less: unamortized discount (6) (7) Less: unamortized debt issuance costs (23) (26) Net carrying amount included in long-term debt $ 4,721 $ 4,717 Interest on the Senior Notes issued on April 7, 2020 is payable semiannually in arrears, on May 15 and November 15 of each year, beginning November 15, 2020. The interest rate on each note issued on April 7, 2020 is subject to adjustment based on certain rating events. Interest on the Senior Notes issued on August 21, 2017 is payable semiannually in arrears, on February 21 and August 21 of each year. Interest expense was $48 million and $97 million during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, respectively, and $49 million and $88 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Interest expense, which included amortization of discount and issuance costs, was recognized on the condensed consolidated statements of income. The discount and issuance costs are amortized over the term of the Senior Notes on a straight-line basis, which approximates the effective interest method. The Senior Notes are redeemable in whole at any time or in part from time to time at VMware’s option, subject to a make-whole premium. In addition, upon the occurrence of certain change-of-control triggering events and certain downgrades of the ratings on the Senior Notes, VMware may be required to repurchase the notes at a repurchase price equal to 101% of the aggregate principal plus any accrued and unpaid interest on the date of repurchase. The Senior Notes rank equally in right of payment with VMware’s other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. The Senior Notes contain restrictive covenants that, in certain circumstances, limit VMware’s ability to create certain liens, to enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions and to consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of VMware’s assets. Revolving Credit Facility On September 12, 2017, VMware entered into an unsecured credit agreement establishing a revolving credit facility with a syndicate of lenders that provides the Company with a borrowing capacity of up to $1.0 billion for general corporate purposes. Commitments under the revolving credit facility are available for a period of five years, which may be extended, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, by up to two one-year periods. As of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, there was no outstanding borrowing under the revolving credit facility. The credit agreement contains certain representations, warranties and covenants. Commitment fees, interest rates and other terms of borrowing under the revolving credit facility may vary based on 17 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) VMware’s external credit ratings. The amount paid in connection with the ongoing commitment fee, which is payable quarterly in arrears, was not significant during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020. Refer to Note C for disclosure regarding the note payable to Dell and Note N for information regarding the Company’s incremental indebtedness entered into subsequent to the second quarter of fiscal 2022. I. Fair Value Measurements Assets and Liabilities Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis Certain financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. VMware determines fair value using the following hierarchy: •Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; •Level 2 - Inputs other than Level 1 inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and •Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. VMware did not have any significant assets or liabilities that were classified as Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy for the periods presented, and there have been no transfers between fair value measurement levels during the periods presented. The following tables set forth the fair value hierarchy of VMware’s cash equivalents and short-term investments that were required to be measured at fair value as of the periods presented (tables in millions): July 30, 2021 Level 1 Level 2 Total Cash equivalents: Money-market funds $ 4,871 $ — $ 4,871 Time deposits(1) — 50 50 Total cash equivalents $ 4,871 $ 50 $ 4,921 Short-term investments: Marketable equity securities $ 82 $ — $ 82 Total short-term investments $ 82 $ — $ 82 January 29, 2021 Level 1 Level 2 Total Cash equivalents: Money-market funds $ 3,738 $ — $ 3,738 Time deposits(1) — 102 102 Total cash equivalents $ 3,738 $ 102 $ 3,840 Short-term investments: Marketable equity securities $ 23 $ — $ 23 Total short-term investments $ 23 $ — $ 23 (1) Time deposits were valued at amortized cost, which approximated fair value. The note payable to Dell and the Senior Notes were not adjusted to fair value. The fair value of the note payable to Dell was $275 million and $276 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively. The fair value of the Senior Notes was approximately $5.3 billion and $5.3 billion as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively. Fair value for the note payable to Dell and the Senior Notes was estimated primarily based on observable market interest rates (Level 2 inputs). VMware offers a deferred compensation plan for eligible employees, which allows participants to defer payment for part or all of their compensation. There is no net impact to the condensed consolidated statements of income since changes in the fair value of the assets offset changes in the fair value of the liabilities. As such, assets and liabilities associated with this plan have 18 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) not been included in the above tables. Assets associated with this plan were the same as the liabilities at $172 million and $140 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively, and were included in other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Liabilities associated with this plan were included in accrued expenses and other of $17 million and in other liabilities of $155 million on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of July 30, 2021. Liabilities associated with this plan of $140 million were included in other liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 29, 2021. Equity Securities With a Readily Determinable Fair Value VMware’s equity securities include an investment in a company that completed its initial public offering during the third quarter of fiscal 2021. The fair value of the investment is based on quoted prices for identical assets in an active market (Level 1). As of January 29, 2021, this investment had a fair value of $162 million, of which $139 million was included in other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet due to a certain sale restriction and $23 million was included in short-term investments as they were unrestricted and available for sale. The sale restriction lapsed for the remaining shares during the three months ended April 30, 2021. As of July 30, 2021, the fair value of the investment was $82 million and was included in short-term investments on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, the Company sold $28 million and $37 million of the investment, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, VMware recognized unrealized losses of $10 million and $35 million, respectively, on the equity securities still held as of July 30, 2021. All gains and losses, whether realized or unrealized, are recognized in other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of income. Equity Securities Without a Readily Determinable Fair Value VMware’s equity securities also include investments in privately held companies, which do not have a readily determinable fair value. As of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, investments in privately held companies, which consisted primarily of equity securities, had a carrying value of $144 million and $129 million, respectively, and were included in other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Unrealized gains recognized on securities still held as of July 30, 2021 were $11 million during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021. Unrealized gains and losses recognized during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020 were not significant. All gains and losses on these securities, whether realized or unrealized, are recognized in other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of income. J. Derivatives and Hedging Activities VMware conducts business on a global basis in multiple foreign currencies, subjecting the Company to foreign currency risk. To mitigate a portion of this risk, VMware utilizes hedging contracts as described below, which potentially expose the Company to credit risk to the extent that the counterparties may be unable to meet the terms of the agreements. VMware manages counterparty risk by seeking counterparties of high credit quality and by monitoring credit ratings, credit spreads and other relevant public information about its counterparties. VMware does not, and does not intend to, use derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Cash Flow Hedges To mitigate its exposure to foreign currency fluctuations resulting from certain operating expenses denominated in certain foreign currencies, VMware enters into forward contracts that are designated as cash flow hedging instruments as the accounting criteria for such designation are met. Therefore, the effective portion of gains or losses resulting from changes in the fair value of these instruments is initially reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and is subsequently reclassified to the related operating expense line item on the condensed consolidated statements of income in the same period that the underlying expenses are incurred. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020, the effective portion of gains or losses reclassified to the condensed consolidated statements of income was not significant. Interest charges or forward points on VMware’s forward contracts were excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness and were recorded to the related operating expense line item on the condensed consolidated statements of income in the same period that the interest charges are incurred. These forward contracts have contractual maturities of twelve months or less, and as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, outstanding forward contracts had a total notional value of $257 million and $486 million, respectively. The notional value represents the gross amount of foreign currency that will be bought or sold upon maturity of the forward contract. The fair value of these forward contracts was not significant as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020, all cash flow hedges were considered effective. 19 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Forward Contracts Not Designated as Hedges VMware has established a program that utilizes forward contracts to offset the foreign currency risk associated with net outstanding monetary asset and liability positions. These forward contracts are not designated as hedging instruments under applicable accounting guidance, and therefore all changes in the fair value of the forward contracts are reported in other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of income. These forward contracts generally have a contractual maturity of one month, and as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, outstanding forward contracts had a total notional value of $903 million and $1.2 billion, respectively. The notional value represents the gross amount of foreign currency that will be bought or sold upon maturity of the forward contract. The fair value of these forward contracts was not significant as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021. Gains related to the settlement of forward contracts were $11 million and $15 million during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, respectively. Losses related to the settlement of forward contracts were $48 million and $33 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Gains and losses are recorded in other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of income. The combined gains and losses related to the settlement of forward contracts and the underlying foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities were not significant during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021. The combined gains and losses related to the settlement of forward contracts and the underlying foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities resulted in net gains of $12 million and $13 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Net gains and losses are recorded in other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of income. K. Leases VMware has operating and finance leases primarily related to office facilities and equipment, which have remaining lease terms of one month to 25 years. The components of lease expense during the periods presented were as follows (table in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Operating lease expense $ 48 $ 44 $ 96 $ 90 Finance lease expense: Amortization of right-of-use (“ROU”) assets 2 1 3 3 Interest on lease liabilities — 1 1 1 Total finance lease expense 2 2 4 4 Short-term lease expense — — 1 1 Variable lease expense 8 7 15 15 Total lease expense $ 58 $ 53 $ 116 $ 110 From time to time, VMware enters into lease arrangements with Dell. Lease expense incurred for arrangements with Dell was not significant during the periods presented. The Company subleases certain leased office space to third parties when it determines there is excess leased capacity. Sublease income was not significant during the three months ended July 30, 2021 and was $11 million during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Sublease income was not significant during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. 20 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Supplemental cash flow information related to operating and finance leases during the periods presented was as follows (table in millions): Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities: Operating cash flows from operating leases $ 86 $ 81 Operating cash flows from finance leases 1 1 Financing cash flows from finance leases 2 1 ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities: Operating leases $ 112 $ 100 Finance leases — 1 Supplemental balance sheet information related to operating and finance leases as of the periods presented was as follows (table in millions): July 30, 2021 Operating Leases Finance Leases ROU assets, non-current(1) $ 1,029 $ 49 Lease liabilities, current(2) $ 126 $ 5 Lease liabilities, non-current(3) 912 46 Total lease liabilities $ 1,038 $ 51 January 29, 2021 Operating Leases Finance Leases ROU assets, non-current(1) $ 997 $ 53 Lease liabilities, current(2) $ 109 $ 5 Lease liabilities, non-current(3) 891 50 Total lease liabilities $ 1,000 $ 55 (1) ROU assets for operating leases are included in other assets and ROU assets for finance leases are included in property and equipment, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. (2) Current lease liabilities are included primarily in accrued expenses and other on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. An insignificant amount is presented in due from related parties, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. (3) Non-current operating lease liabilities are presented as operating lease liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Non-current finance lease liabilities are included in other liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. 21 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Lease term and discount rate related to operating and finance leases as of the periods presented were as follows: July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years) Operating leases 12.1 12.6 Finance leases 7.8 8.3 Weighted-average discount rate Operating leases 3.3 % 3.5 % Finance leases 2.9 % 2.9 % The following represents VMware’s future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating and finance leases as of the period presented (table in millions): July 30, 2021 Operating Leases Finance Leases Remainder of 2022 $ 73 $ 3 2023 177 7 2024 152 7 2025 120 6 2026 106 7 Thereafter 686 27 Total future minimum lease payments 1,314 57 Less: Imputed interest (276) (6) Total lease liabilities(1) $ 1,038 $ 51 (1) Total lease liabilities as of July 30, 2021 excluded legally binding lease payments for leases signed but not yet commenced of $71 million. L. Stockholders’ Equity VMware Stock Repurchases VMware purchases stock from time to time in open market transactions, subject to market conditions. The timing of any repurchases and the actual number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including VMware’s stock price, cash requirements for operations and business combinations, corporate, legal and regulatory requirements and other market and economic conditions. VMware is not obligated to purchase any shares under its stock repurchase programs. Purchases may be discontinued at any time VMware believes additional purchases are not warranted. From time to time, VMware also purchases stock in private transactions, such as those with Dell. All shares repurchased under VMware’s stock repurchase programs are retired. During May 2019, VMware’s board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to $1.5 billion of Class A common stock through January 29, 2021. During July 2020, VMware’s board of directors extended authorization of the existing stock repurchase program through January 28, 2022 and authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $1.0 billion of Class A common stock through January 28, 2022. As of July 30, 2021, the cumulative authorized amount remaining for stock repurchases was $326 million. 22 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) The following table summarizes stock repurchase activity during the periods presented (aggregate purchase price in millions, shares in thousands): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Aggregate purchase price $ 358 $ 130 $ 729 $ 311 Class A common stock repurchased 2,243 919 4,743 2,459 Weighted-average price per share $ 159.73 $ 141.04 $ 153.77 $ 126.30 VMware Restricted Stock VMware’s restricted stock primarily consists of RSU awards granted to employees. The value of an RSU grant is based on VMware’s stock price on the date of the grant. The shares underlying the RSU awards are not issued until the RSUs vest. Upon vesting, each RSU converts into one share of VMware’s Class A common stock. VMware’s restricted stock also includes PSU awards granted to certain VMware executives and employees. PSU awards have performance conditions and, in certain cases, a time-based or market-based vesting component. Upon vesting, PSU awards convert into VMware’s Class A common stock at various ratios ranging from 0.4 to 2.0 shares per PSU, depending upon the degree of achievement of the performance or market-based target designated by each award. If minimum performance thresholds are not achieved, then no shares are issued. The following table summarizes restricted stock activity since January 29, 2021 (units in thousands): VMware RSUs Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value Number of Units (per unit) Outstanding, January 29, 2021 17,790 $ 147.46 Granted 7,996 149.89 Vested (4,471) 130.66 Forfeited (1,924) 147.60 Outstanding, July 30, 2021 19,391 149.70 The aggregate vesting date fair value of VMware’s restricted stock that vested during the six months ended July 30, 2021 was $703 million. As of July 30, 2021, restricted stock representing 19.4 million shares of VMware’s Class A common stock were outstanding, with an aggregate intrinsic value of $3.0 billion based on VMware’s closing stock price as of July 30, 2021. Net Excess Tax Benefits Net excess tax benefits recognized in connection with stock-based awards are included in income tax provision (benefit) on the condensed consolidated statements of income. Net excess tax benefits recognized during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 were $13 million and $17 million, respectively, and were $16 million and $29 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. 23 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) The changes in components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) during the periods presented were as follows (tables in millions): Foreign Unrealized Gain Currency (Loss) on Translation Forward Contracts Adjustments Total Balance, January 29, 2021 $ (1) $ (4) $ (5) Unrealized gains (losses), net of tax provision (benefit) of $—, $—, and $— 2 — 2 Other comprehensive income (loss), net 2 — 2 Balance, July 30, 2021 $ 1 $ (4) $ (3) Foreign Unrealized Gain Currency (Loss) on Translation Forward Contracts Adjustments Total Balance, January 31, 2020 $ — $ (4) $ (4) Unrealized gains (losses), net of tax provision (benefit) of ($1), $—, and ($1) (5) — (5) Other comprehensive income (loss), net (5) — (5) Balance, July 31, 2020 $ (5) $ (4) $ (9) The effective portion of gains or losses resulting from changes in the fair value of forward contracts designated as cash flow hedging instruments is reclassified to its related operating expense line item on the condensed consolidated statements of income in the same period that the underlying expenses are incurred. The amounts recorded to the related operating expense functional line items on the condensed consolidated statements of income were not significant to the individual functional line items during the periods presented. M. Segment Information VMware operates in one reportable operating segment; thus, all required financial segment information is included in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in order to allocate resources and assess performance. VMware’s chief operating decision maker allocates resources and assesses performance based upon discrete financial information at the consolidated level. Revenue by type during the periods presented was as follows (table in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Revenue: License $ 738 $ 719 $ 1,384 $ 1,379 Subscription and SaaS 776 631 1,516 1,204 Total license and subscription and SaaS 1,514 1,350 2,900 2,583 Services: Software maintenance 1,336 1,270 2,657 2,515 Professional services 288 255 575 511 Total services 1,624 1,525 3,232 3,026 Total revenue $ 3,138 $ 2,875 $ 6,132 $ 5,609 24 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) Revenue by geographic area during the periods presented was as follows (table in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 United States $ 1,539 $ 1,439 $ 3,005 $ 2,802 International 1,599 1,436 3,127 2,807 Total $ 3,138 $ 2,875 $ 6,132 $ 5,609 Revenue by geographic area is based on the ship-to addresses of VMware’s customers. No individual country other than the U.S. accounted for 10% or more of revenue during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020. Long-lived assets by geographic area, which primarily include property and equipment, net, as of the periods presented were as follows (table in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 United States $ 854 $ 864 International 249 241 Total $ 1,103 $ 1,105 As of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, the U.S. and India accounted for approximately 80% and 10% of these assets, respectively. N. Subsequent Events On August 2, 2021, VMware issued five unsecured senior notes pursuant to a public debt offering in the aggregate amount of $6.0 billion, consisting of outstanding principal due on the following dates: $1.0 billion due August 15, 2023 (the “2023 Notes”), $1.25 billion due August 15, 2024 (the “2024 Notes”), $1.5 billion due August 15, 2026 (the “2026 Notes”), $750 million due August 15, 2028 (the “2028 Notes”) and $1.5 billion due August 15, 2031 (the “2031 Notes” and, together with the 2023 Notes, the 2024 Notes, the 2026 Notes and the 2028 Notes, the “2021 Senior Notes”). The 2021 Senior Notes bear interest at annual rates of 0.60%, 1.00%, 1.40%, 1.80% and 2.20%, respectively, payable semi-annually on each February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing on February 15, 2022. The 2021 Senior Notes are redeemable in whole at any time or in part from time to time at VMware’s option and may be subject to a make-whole premium. In addition, upon the occurrence of certain change-of-control triggering events and certain downgrades of the ratings on the 2021 Senior Notes, VMware may be required to repurchase the notes at a repurchase price equal to 101% of the aggregate principal plus any accrued and unpaid interest on the date of repurchase. The 2021 Senior Notes rank equally in right of payment with VMware’s other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness and contain restrictive covenants that, in certain circumstances, limit VMware’s ability to create certain liens, to enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions and to consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of VMware’s assets. The proceeds from the 2021 Senior Notes were $5.9 billion, net of debt discount of $11 million and debt issuance costs of $47 million, and are expected to be used to fund a portion of the Special Dividend in connection with the Spin-Off pursuant to the terms of the Separation Agreement and, to the extent any proceeds remain, for general corporate purposes. If the Spin-Off is not consummated on or prior to the earlier of (i) (x) April 28, 2022 or (y) if the Separation Agreement is amended on or prior to April 28, 2022 to extend the date by which the Spin-Off must be consummated to a date later than April 28, 2022, the earlier of such extended date and July 28, 2022 and (ii) the date the Separation Agreement is terminated, VMware will be required to redeem all outstanding 2023 Notes, 2024 Notes, 2028 Notes and 2031 Notes at a special mandatory redemption price equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of notes being redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but not including, the date of such special mandatory redemption (the “Special Mandatory Redemption Price”). In the event that special mandatory redemption is triggered, VMware will be required to deposit with a trustee funds sufficient to pay the Special Mandatory Redemption Price. The 2026 Notes are not subject to the special mandatory redemption, and, if the Spin-Off is not consummated, VMware expects to use the net proceeds thereof for general corporate purposes, which may include debt repayment. On September 2, 2021, VMware entered into an unsecured credit agreement establishing a revolving credit facility with a syndicate of lenders that provides the Company with a borrowing capacity of up to $1.5 billion for general corporate purposes 25 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents VMware, Inc. NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) (unaudited) (the “2021 Revolving Credit Facility”). The 2021 Revolving Credit Facility replaced the Company’s existing $1.0 billion revolving credit facility that was undrawn. Commitments under the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility are available for a period of five years, which may be extended, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, by up to two one-year periods. The credit agreement contains certain representations, warranties and covenants. Commitment fees, interest rates and other terms of borrowing under the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility may vary based on VMware’s external credit ratings. Additionally, on September 2, 2021, VMware received commitments from financial institutions for a three-year senior unsecured term loan facility and a five-year senior unsecured term loan facility that would provide the Company with an aggregate borrowing capacity of up to $4.0 billion, which, if funded, may be used to finance a portion of the Special Dividend and for general corporate purposes. The Company may borrow once up to the aggregate borrowing capacity of $4.0 billion until the earlier of (x) April 28, 2022 and (y) the date on which the Separation Agreement is terminated. The term loans bear interest at the London interbank offered rate plus 0.625% to 1.00%, depending on VMware’s external credit ratings, or an alternate base rate. The initial funding of the Commitment is subject to various customary conditions, including execution and delivery of definitive loan agreement and related documentation. 26 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS The following management’s discussion and analysis is provided in addition to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes to assist in understanding our results of operations and financial condition. Financial information as of July 30, 2021 should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements for the year ended January 29, 2021 contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 26, 2021. Period-over-period changes are calculated based upon the respective underlying non-rounded data. We refer to our fiscal years ended January 28, 2022 and January 29, 2021 as “fiscal 2022” and “fiscal 2021,” respectively. Unless the context requires otherwise, we are referring to VMware, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries when we use the terms “VMware,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us.” Overview We originally pioneered the development and application of virtualization technologies with x86 server-based computing, separating application software from the underlying hardware. Information technology (“IT”) driven innovation continues to disrupt markets and industries. Technologies emerge faster than organizations can absorb, creating increasingly complex environments. IT is working at an accelerated pace to harness new technologies, platforms and cloud models, ultimately guiding businesses through a digital transformation. To take on these challenges, we are working with customers in the areas of hybrid and multi-cloud, modern applications, networking, security and digital workspaces. Our software provides a flexible digital foundation to enable customers in their digital transformations. Our portfolio supports and addresses the key priorities of our customers including accelerating their cloud journey, migrating and modernizing their applications, empowering digital workspaces, transforming networking and embracing intrinsic security. We enable customers to digitally transform their operations as they ready their applications, infrastructure and employees for constantly evolving business needs. We sell our solutions using enterprise agreements (“EAs”) or as part of our non-EA, or transactional, business. EAs are comprehensive offerings that may include license and subscription and SaaS, offered both directly by us and through certain channel partners that also provide for multi-year maintenance and support. We continue to experience strong renewals resulting in additional sales of both our existing and newer products and solutions. Our vSphere and vRealize Cloud Management products form the foundation of our customers’ private cloud environments and provide the capabilities for our customers to extend their private cloud to the public cloud and to help them run, manage, secure and connect all their applications across all clouds and devices. During the six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue growth in our subscription and SaaS offerings was primarily driven by our VMware Cloud Provider Program (“VCPP”), VMware Workspace ONE (“Workspace ONE”), VMware Carbon Black Cloud, VMware Tanzu and VMware Cloud on AWS. We expect revenue growth derived from our subscription and SaaS offerings to continue. In addition, we expect operating margin to be negatively impacted in fiscal 2022 as a result of our incremental investment in our subscription and SaaS portfolio. During the six months ended July 30, 2021, we continued to see an increase in the portion of our sales occurring through our subscription and SaaS offerings compared to the portion of our on-premises solutions sold with perpetual licenses, which negatively impacted our operating margin. As this trend continues, a greater portion of our revenue will be recognized over time as subscription and SaaS revenue rather than license revenue, which is typically recognized in the fiscal period in which sales occur. As a result, the rate of growth in our license revenue, which has historically been viewed as a leading indicator of our business performance, may be less relevant on a stand-alone basis, and we believe that the overall growth rate of our combined license and subscription and SaaS revenue, as well as the growth in remaining performance obligations, will become better indicators of our future growth prospects. Dell Go-to-Market Initiatives We continue joint marketing, sales, branding and product development efforts with Dell Technologies Inc. (“Dell”) and its subsidiaries to enhance the collective value we deliver to our mutual customers. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue from Dell, including purchases of products and services directly from us, as well as through our channel partners, accounted for 37% and 36% of our consolidated revenue, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue recognized on transactions where Dell acted as an original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) accounted for 12% and 13% of total revenue from Dell, respectively, or 5% and 5% of our consolidated revenue, respectively. The remaining revenue from Dell consisted of Dell acting as a distributor to other non-Dell resellers, reselling products and services as a reseller or purchasing products and services for its own internal use. On certain transactions, Dell Financial Services (“DFS”) also provided financing to our end users at our end users’ discretion. 27 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents COVID-19 Impact The worldwide spread of COVID-19 resulted in a global slowdown of economic activity while also disrupting sales channels and marketing activities, and the COVID-19 pandemic may cause economic disruption and market volatility in future periods. While the COVID-19 pandemic has not had a material adverse financial impact on our operations to date, the future course of the pandemic, the ongoing economic impact and the degree and rate of economic recovery remain highly uncertain and continue to rapidly evolve. Although the pandemic has not had the level of financial impact on our business we initially expected, we did experience negative impacts on our sales and certain of our financial results and there continues to be uncertainty regarding the magnitude and duration of the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the extent to which it will have a negative impact on our sales and our financial results for the remainder of fiscal 2022. We continue to closely monitor the impact of the pandemic on all aspects of our business. Spin-Off and Special Dividend On April 14, 2021, we entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement with Dell (the “Separation Agreement”), pursuant to which, subject to the satisfaction of all closing conditions, Dell will distribute the shares of Class A common stock (“Class A Stock”) and Class B common stock (“Class B Stock” and, collectively, the “Common Stock”) owned by its wholly owned subsidiaries, to the holders of shares of Dell as of a record date determined pursuant to the Separation Agreement on a pro rata basis (the “Spin-Off”). Subject to the various conditions, we will pay a cash dividend, pro rata, to each of the holders of Common Stock (including Dell) immediately prior to the Spin-Off in an aggregate amount equal to an amount to be mutually agreed by us and Dell between $11.5 billion and $12.0 billion (the “Special Dividend”). We expect to fund the Special Dividend through cash reserves and incremental indebtedness. Refer to Note N for more information regarding our incremental indebtedness, including our recent notes offering. The Spin-Off is expected to close during the fourth quarter of calendar 2021, subject to certain closing conditions, including receipt of a favorable Internal Revenue Service ruling that the distribution of shares to Dell and its stockholders will qualify as generally tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Results of Operations Approximately 70% of our sales are denominated in the United States (“U.S.”) dollar. In certain countries, however, we also invoice and collect in various foreign currencies, principally euro, British pound, Japanese yen, Australian dollar, and Chinese renminbi. In addition, we incur and pay operating expenses in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. As a result, our financial statements, including our revenue, operating expenses, unearned revenue and the resulting cash flows derived from the U.S. dollar equivalent of foreign currency transactions, are affected by foreign exchange fluctuations. Revenue Our revenue during the periods presented was as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change Revenue: License $ 738 $ 719 $ 19 3 % $ 1,384 $ 1,379 $ 4 — % Subscription and SaaS 776 631 144 23 1,516 1,204 313 26 Total license and subscription and SaaS 1,514 1,350 163 12 2,900 2,583 317 12 Services: Software maintenance 1,336 1,270 66 5 2,657 2,515 141 6 Professional services 288 255 34 13 575 511 64 13 Total services 1,624 1,525 100 7 3,232 3,026 206 7 Total revenue $ 3,138 $ 2,875 $ 263 9 $ 6,132 $ 5,609 $ 523 9 Revenue: United States $ 1,539 $ 1,439 $ 101 7 % $ 3,005 $ 2,802 $ 203 7 % International 1,599 1,436 162 11 3,127 2,807 320 11 Total revenue $ 3,138 $ 2,875 $ 263 9 $ 6,132 $ 5,609 $ 523 9 28 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Revenue from our subscription offerings consisted primarily of our VCPP cloud-based offerings that are billed to customers on a consumption basis and revenue from VMware Tanzu and other offerings that are billed on a subscription basis. Revenue from our SaaS offerings consisted primarily of our Unified Endpoint Management mobile solution within Workspace ONE, VMware Cloud on AWS, CloudHealth by VMware, VMware SD-WAN by VeloCloud offerings and VMware Carbon Black Cloud. License revenue relating to the sale of on-premises licenses that are part of a multi-year contract is generally recognized upon delivery of the underlying license, whereas revenue derived from our subscription and SaaS offerings is generally recognized over time as customers consume the services or ratably over the term of the subscription, commencing upon provisioning of the service. License Revenue License revenue increased slightly during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. As customers adopt our cloud-based offerings, license revenue may be lower and subject to greater fluctuation in the future, driven by a higher percentage of cloud-based offerings being sold as well as the variability of large deals between fiscal quarters, which deals historically have had a large license revenue impact. Subscription and SaaS Revenue Subscription and SaaS revenue increased during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. Revenue growth primarily from our VCPP, Workspace ONE, VMware Carbon Black Cloud, VMware Tanzu and VMware Cloud on AWS offerings continued to contribute to subscription and SaaS revenue growth during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. Services Revenue During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, software maintenance revenue continued to benefit from maintenance contracts sold in previous periods. In each period presented, customers purchased, on a weighted-average basis, greater than two years of support and maintenance with each new license purchased. Professional services revenue increased during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. Services we provide through our technical account managers and our continued focus on solution deployments, including our networking, security, cloud management and digital workspace offerings, contributed to the increase in professional services revenue. We continue to also focus on enabling our partners to deliver professional services for our solutions, and as such, our professional services revenue may vary as we continue to leverage our partners. The timing of services rendered will also impact the amount of professional services revenue we recognize during a period. Unearned Revenue Unearned revenue as of the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Unearned license revenue $ 20 $ 15 Unearned subscription and SaaS revenue 2,208 1,998 Unearned software maintenance revenue 6,916 7,092 Unearned professional services revenue 1,194 1,209 Total unearned revenue $ 10,338 $ 10,314 Unearned subscription and SaaS revenue is generally recognized over time as customers consume the services or ratably over the term of the subscription, commencing upon provisioning of the service. Unearned software maintenance revenue is attributable to our maintenance contracts and is generally recognized ratably over the contract duration. The weighted-average remaining contractual term as of July 30, 2021 was approximately two years. Unearned professional services revenue results primarily from prepaid professional services and is generally recognized as the services are performed. Remaining Performance Obligations and Backlog Remaining Performance Obligations Remaining performance obligations represent the aggregate amount of the transaction price in contracts allocated to performance obligations not delivered, or partially undelivered, as of the end of the reporting period. Remaining performance 29 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents obligations include unearned revenue, multi-year contracts with future installment payments and certain unfulfilled orders against accepted non-cancellable customer contracts at the end of any given period. As of July 30, 2021, the aggregate transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $11.2 billion, of which approximately 56% is expected to be recognized as revenue over the next twelve months and the remainder thereafter. As of January 29, 2021, the aggregate transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $11.3 billion, of which approximately 55% was expected to be recognized as revenue during fiscal 2022, and the remainder thereafter. Backlog Backlog is comprised of unfulfilled purchase orders or unfulfilled executed agreements at the end of a given period and is net of related estimated rebates and marketing development funds. Backlog consists of licenses, subscription and SaaS, and services. As of July 30, 2021, our total backlog was $66 million, and our backlog related to licenses was $19 million. For our backlog related to licenses, we generally expect to deliver and recognize as revenue during the following quarter. Backlog totaling $12 million as of July 30, 2021 was excluded from the remaining performance obligations because such contracts are subject to cancellation until fulfillment of the performance obligation occurs. As of January 29, 2021, our total backlog was $93 million, and our backlog related to licenses was $23 million. The amount excluded from the remaining performance obligations because such contracts are subject to cancellation until fulfillment of the performance obligation occurs was $18 million as of January 29, 2021. The amount and composition of backlog will fluctuate period to period, and backlog is managed based upon multiple considerations, including product and geography. We do not believe the amount of backlog is indicative of future sales or revenue or that the mix of backlog at the end of any given period correlates with actual sales performance of a particular geography or particular products and services. Cost of License Revenue, Cost of Subscription and SaaS Revenue, Cost of Services Revenue and Operating Expenses Collectively, our cost of license revenue, cost of subscription and SaaS revenue, cost of services revenue and operating expenses primarily reflected increasing cash-based employee-related expenses, driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries across most of our income statement expense categories for the three and six months ended July 30, 2021. Cost of License Revenue Cost of license revenue primarily consists of the cost of fulfillment of our SD-WAN offerings, royalty costs in connection with technology licensed from third-party providers and amortization of intangible assets. The cost of fulfillment of our software and hardware SD-WAN offerings includes personnel costs and related overhead associated with delivery of our products. Cost of license revenue during the periods presented was as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change Cost of license revenue $ 37 $ 35 $ 3 8 % $ 74 $ 73 $ — — % Stock-based compensation — — — (14) 1 1 — 3 Total expenses $ 37 $ 35 $ 3 7 $ 75 $ 74 $ — — % of License revenue 5 % 5 % 5 % 5 % Cost of license revenue remained relatively consistent during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. 30 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Cost of Subscription and SaaS Revenue Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue primarily includes personnel costs and related overhead associated with hosted services supporting our SaaS offerings. Additionally, cost of subscription and SaaS revenue also includes depreciation of equipment supporting our subscription and SaaS offerings. Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue during the periods presented was as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue $ 165 $ 127 $ 37 30 % $ 316 $ 249 $ 67 27 % Stock-based compensation 5 5 1 14 11 9 2 27 Total expenses $ 170 $ 132 $ 38 29 $ 327 $ 258 $ 69 27 % of Subscription and SaaS revenue 22 % 21 % 22 % 21 % Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue increased during the three months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily driven by growth in costs associated with hosted services to support our SaaS offerings of $17 million and growth in cash-based employee-related cost of $13 million, which was primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount. The increase was also driven by increased equipment and depreciation of $12 million. Cost of subscription and SaaS revenue increased during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily driven by growth in costs associated with hosted services to support our SaaS offerings of $25 million and growth in cash-based employee-related cost of $24 million, which was primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount. The increase was also driven by increased equipment and depreciation of $23 million. Cost of Services Revenue Cost of services revenue primarily includes the costs of personnel and related overhead to deliver technical support for our products and costs to deliver professional services. Additionally, cost of services revenue includes depreciation of equipment supporting our service offerings. Cost of services revenue during the periods presented was as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change Cost of services revenue $ 328 $ 295 $ 33 11 % $ 640 $ 591 $ 49 8 % Stock-based compensation 24 26 (2) (8) 49 48 1 1 Total expenses $ 352 $ 321 $ 31 10 $ 689 $ 639 $ 50 8 % of Services revenue 22 % 21 % 21 % 21 % Cost of services revenue increased during the three months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily driven by growth in cash-based employee-related cost of $35 million, which was primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries. Cost of services revenue increased during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to growth in cash-based employee-related expenses of $53 million, primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries. The increase was also driven by increased third-party professional services costs of $11 million. These increases were partially offset by decreased equipment and depreciation of $14 million. Research and Development Expenses Research and development expenses include the personnel and related overhead associated with the development of our product software and service offerings. We continue to invest in and focus on expanding our subscription and SaaS offerings. 31 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Research and development expenses during the periods presented were as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change Research and development $ 625 $ 547 $ 78 14 % $ 1,206 $ 1,087 $ 118 11 % Stock-based compensation 150 132 18 14 277 257 21 8 Total expenses $ 775 $ 679 $ 96 14 $ 1,483 $ 1,344 $ 138 10 % of Total revenue 25 % 24 % 24 % 24 % Research and development expenses increased during the three months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to growth in cash-based employee-related expenses of $76 million, primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries, as well as increased stock-based compensation of $18 million, primarily driven by increased restricted stock unit awards granted to our employees. The increase was also driven by increased equipment and depreciation of $11 million. These increases were partially offset by increased capitalized internal-use software development costs of $15 million. Research and development expenses increased during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to growth in cash-based employee-related expenses of $118 million, primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries, as well as increased stock-based compensation of $21 million, primarily driven by increased restricted stock unit awards granted to our employees. The increase was also driven by increased equipment and depreciation of $20 million. These increases were partially offset by increased capitalized internal-use software development costs of $28 million. Sales and Marketing Expenses Sales and marketing expenses include personnel costs, sales commissions and related overhead associated with the sale and marketing of our license, subscription and SaaS and services offerings, as well as the cost of product launches and marketing initiatives. A significant portion of our sales commissions are deferred and recognized over the expected period of benefit. Sales and marketing expenses during the periods presented were as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change Sales and marketing $ 942 $ 809 $ 135 17 % $ 1,828 $ 1,655 $ 174 11 % Stock-based compensation 81 88 (8) (9) 153 159 (7) (4) Total expenses $ 1,023 $ 897 $ 127 14 $ 1,981 $ 1,814 $ 167 9 % of Total revenue 33 % 31 % 32 % 32 % Sales and marketing expenses increased during the three months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to growth in cash-based employee-related expenses of $81 million, primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries, as well as higher commission costs of $32 million resulting from increased sales volume. Sales and marketing expenses increased during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to growth in cash-based employee-related expenses of $139 million, primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries, as well as higher commission costs of $63 million resulting from increased sales volume. The increase was partially offset by decreased costs incurred for sales enablement-based initiatives of $21 million, as well as decreased travel-related costs of $10 million resulting from travel restrictions imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. 32 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents General and Administrative Expenses General and administrative expenses include personnel and related overhead costs to support the business. These expenses include the costs associated with finance, human resources, IT infrastructure and legal, as well as expenses related to corporate costs and initiatives. General and administrative expenses during the periods presented were as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change General and administrative $ 223 $ 235 $ (12) (5) % $ 428 $ 432 $ (4) (1) % Stock-based compensation 33 42 (9) (22) 64 91 (27) (30) Total expenses $ 256 $ 277 $ (21) (8) $ 492 $ 523 $ (31) (6) % of Total revenue 8 % 10 % 8 % 9 % General and administrative expenses decreased during the three months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended July 31, 2020. The decrease was primarily driven by decreased acquisition-related costs of $14 million, as well as decreased third-party professional services costs of $11 million. General and administrative expenses decreased during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020. The decrease was primarily driven by decreased acquisition-related costs of $32 million, as well as decreased stock-based compensation of $27 million, which was primarily due to the vesting of awards associated with prior acquisitions. The decrease was also driven by decreased third-party professional services costs of $21 million. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in cash-based employee-related expenses of $35 million, primarily driven by incremental growth in headcount and salaries. Other Income (Expense), net Other income (expense), net during the periods presented was as follows (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 $ Change % Change 2021 2020 $ Change % Change Other income (expense), net $ 3 $ 15 $ (10) (70) % $ (19) $ 8 $ (28) (326) % % of Total revenue — % 1 % — % — % Other income (expense), net decreased during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, primarily driven by gains and losses, whether realized or unrealized, on our investments in equity securities. During the six months ended July 30, 2021, net losses on our investments in equity securities increased by $43 million, primarily driven by a loss of $45 million recognized on one of our investments in equity securities, which completed its initial public offering during the third quarter of fiscal 2021. The fair value of the publicly traded investment is determined primarily using the quoted market price of its common stock. As a result, any volatility in its publicly traded common stock introduces a degree of variability to our consolidated statements of income. The change during the three months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended July 31, 2020 was not material. Income Tax Provision The following table summarizes our income tax provision during the periods presented (dollars in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Income tax provision $ 69 $ 48 $ 131 $ 31 Effective income tax rate 14.4 % 9.8 % 13.5 % 3.5 % Our quarterly effective income tax rate is based on our estimated annual income tax rate forecast and discrete tax items recognized in the period. The increase in our effective income tax rate for the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020 was primarily driven by a discrete tax benefit of $59 million recognized as a deferred tax asset due to an intra-group transfer of Pivotal’s intellectual property rights to our Irish subsidiary during the six months ended 33 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents July 31, 2020. The increase in our effective income tax rate for the three months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended July 31, 2020 was mainly driven by a higher estimated annual effective income tax rate for fiscal 2022 due to a decrease in certain estimated U.S. tax credits. We are included in Dell’s consolidated tax group for U.S. federal income tax purposes and will continue to be included in Dell’s consolidated tax group for periods in which Dell beneficially owns at least 80% of the total voting power and value of our combined outstanding Class A and Class B common stock as calculated for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The percentage of voting power and value calculated for U.S. federal income tax purposes may differ from the percentage of outstanding shares beneficially owned by Dell due to the greater voting power of our Class B common stock as compared to our Class A common stock and other factors. Each member of a consolidated tax group during any part of a consolidated return year is jointly and severally liable for tax on the consolidated return of such year and for any subsequently determined deficiency thereon. Should Dell’s ownership fall below 80% of the total voting power or value of our outstanding stock in any period, then we would no longer be included in the Dell consolidated tax group for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and our U.S. federal income tax would be reported separately from that of the Dell consolidated tax group. Although our results are included in the Dell consolidated return for U.S. federal income tax purposes, our income tax provision or benefit is calculated primarily as though we were a separate taxpayer. However, under certain circumstances, transactions between us and Dell are assessed using consolidated tax return rules. Our effective tax rate in the future will depend upon the proportion of our income before provision for income taxes earned in the U.S. and in jurisdictions with a tax rate lower than the U.S. statutory rate. Our non-U.S. earnings are primarily earned by our subsidiary organized in Ireland, where the rate of taxation is lower than our U.S. tax rate, and as such, our annual effective tax rate can be significantly affected by the composition of our earnings in the U.S. and non-U.S. jurisdictions. Our future effective tax rate may be affected by such factors as changes in tax laws, changes in our business or statutory rates, changing interpretation of existing laws or regulations, the impact of accounting for stock-based compensation and the recognition of excess tax benefits or tax deficiencies within the income tax provision or benefit in the period in which they occur, the impact of accounting for business combinations, our acquisition of Pivotal, which was accounted for as a common control transaction, shifts in the amount of earnings in the U.S. compared with other regions in the world and overall levels of income before tax, changes in our international organization, as well as the expiration of statute of limitations and settlements of audits. Our Relationship with Dell The information provided below includes a summary of transactions with Dell and Dell’s consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, “Dell”). Transactions with Dell We engaged with Dell in the following ongoing related party transactions, which resulted in revenue and receipts, and unearned revenue for us: •Pursuant to OEM and reseller arrangements, Dell integrates or bundles our products and services with Dell’s products and sells them to end users. Dell also acts as a distributor, purchasing our standalone products and services for resale to end-user customers through VMware-authorized resellers. Revenue under these arrangements is presented net of related marketing development funds and rebates paid to Dell. In addition, we provide professional services to end users based upon contractual agreements with Dell. •Dell purchases products and services from us for its internal use. •From time to time, we and Dell enter into agreements to collaborate on technology projects, and Dell pays us for services or reimburses us for costs incurred by us, in connection with such projects. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue from Dell accounted for 37% and 36% of our consolidated revenue, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue recognized on transactions where Dell acted as an OEM accounted for 12% and 13% of total revenue from Dell, respectively, or 5% and 5% of our consolidated revenue, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, revenue from Dell accounted for 34% and 33% of our consolidated revenue, respectively. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, revenue recognized on transactions where Dell acted as an OEM accounted for 12% of total revenue from Dell, or 4% of our consolidated revenue. 34 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Dell purchases our products and services directly from us, as well as through our channel partners. Information about our revenue and receipts, and unearned revenue from such arrangements, for the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): Revenue and Receipts Unearned Revenue Three Months Ended Six Months Ended As of July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, July 30, January 29, 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2021 Reseller revenue $ 1,162 $ 948 $ 2,198 $ 1,810 $ 5,092 $ 4,952 Internal-use revenue 13 16 25 35 34 45 Sales through Dell as a distributor, which is included in reseller revenue, continues to grow rapidly. Receipts from Dell for collaborative technology projects were not material during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020. Customer deposits resulting from transactions with Dell were $221 million and $214 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively. We engaged with Dell in the following ongoing related party transactions, which resulted in costs to us: •We purchase and lease products and purchase services from Dell. •From time to time, we and Dell enter into agreements to collaborate on technology projects, and we pay Dell for services provided to us by Dell related to such projects. •In certain geographic regions where we do not have an established legal entity, we contract with Dell subsidiaries for support services and support from Dell personnel who are managed by us. The costs incurred by Dell on our behalf related to these employees are charged to us with a mark-up intended to approximate costs that would have been incurred had we contracted for such services with an unrelated third party. These costs are included as expenses on our condensed consolidated statements of income and primarily include salaries, benefits, travel and occupancy expenses. Dell also incurs certain administrative costs on our behalf in the U.S. that are recorded as expenses on our condensed consolidated statements of income. •In certain geographic regions, Dell files a consolidated indirect tax return, which includes value added taxes and other indirect taxes collected by us from our customers. We remit the indirect taxes to Dell, and Dell remits the tax payment to the foreign governments on our behalf. •From time to time, we invoice end users on behalf of Dell for certain services rendered by Dell. Cash related to these services is collected from the end user by us and remitted to Dell. •From time to time, we enter into agency arrangements with Dell that enable us to sell our subscriptions and services, leveraging the Dell enterprise relationships and end customer contracts. Information about our payments for such arrangements during the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): Three Months Ended Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 2021 2020 Purchases and leases of products and purchases of services(1) $ 61 $ 45 $ 107 $ 89 Dell subsidiary support and administrative costs 10 15 24 42 (1) Amount includes indirect taxes that were remitted to Dell during the periods presented. We also purchase Dell products through Dell’s channel partners. Purchases of Dell products through Dell’s channel partners were not significant during the periods presented. From time to time, we and Dell also enter into joint marketing, sales, branding and product development arrangements, for which both parties may incur costs. In connection with and subject to the consummation of the Spin-Off, we and Dell have agreed to enter into a commercial agreement that is intended to preserve and enhance our strategic partnership with Dell to deliver joint customer value and a transition services agreement to facilitate the transactions and the operation of us and Dell following the Spin-Off. 35 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Dell Financial Services DFS provided financing to certain of our end users at our end users’ discretion. Upon acceptance of the financing arrangement by both our end users and DFS, amounts classified as trade accounts receivable are reclassified to due from related parties, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Revenue recognized on transactions financed through DFS was recorded net of financing fees. Financing fees on arrangements accepted by both parties were not significant during the three months ended July 30, 2021 and were $15 million during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Financing fees on arrangements accepted by both parties were $18 million and $31 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Tax Agreements with Dell In connection with the Spin-Off and concurrently with the execution of the Separation Agreement, effective as of April 14, 2021, we and Dell entered into a Tax Matters Agreement (the “Tax Matters Agreement”) and agreed to terminate the tax sharing agreement as amended on December 30, 2019 (together, the “Tax Agreements”). The Tax Matters Agreement governs our and Dell’s respective rights and obligations, both for pre-Spin-Off periods and post-Spin-Off periods, regarding income and other taxes, and related matters, including tax liabilities and benefits, attributes and returns. Payments made to Dell pursuant to the Tax Agreements were $73 million and $86 million during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021, respectively, and were $142 million and $167 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020, respectively. Refunds received from Dell pursuant to the Tax Agreement were $45 million during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Payments from us to Dell under the Tax Agreements relate to our portion of federal income taxes on Dell’s consolidated tax return as well as state tax payments for combined states. The timing of the tax payments due to and from related parties is governed by the Tax Agreements. Our portion of the mandatory one-time transition tax on accumulated earnings of foreign subsidiaries (the “Transition Tax”) is governed by a letter agreement between Dell, EMC and us executed on April 1, 2019 (the “Letter Agreement”). Our portion of federal income taxes on Dell’s consolidated tax return differ from the amounts we would owe on a separate tax return basis and our payments to Dell generally are capped at the amount that we would have paid on a separate tax return basis. The difference between the amount of tax calculated on a separate tax return basis and the amount of tax calculated pursuant to the Tax Agreements that was recorded in additional paid-in capital was not significant during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and was $45 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2020. As a result of the activity under the Tax Agreements with Dell, amounts due to Dell were $415 million and $451 million as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, respectively, primarily related to our estimated tax obligation resulting from the Transition Tax. The 2017 Tax Act included a deferral election for an eight-year installment payment method on the Transition Tax. We expect to pay the remainder of our Transition Tax over a period of four years. Pivotal Tax Sharing Agreement with Dell During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we completed the acquisition of Pivotal. Pivotal continues to file its separate tax return for U.S. federal income tax purposes as it left the Dell consolidated tax group at the time of Pivotal’s IPO in April 2018. Pivotal continues to be included on Dell’s unitary state tax returns. Pursuant to a tax sharing agreement, Pivotal historically received payments from Dell for tax benefits that Dell realized due to Pivotal’s inclusion on such returns. There were no payments received from Dell during the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020. Due To/From Related Parties, Net Amounts due to and from related parties, net as of the periods presented consisted of the following (table in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Due from related parties, current $ 1,036 $ 1,558 Due to related parties, current(1) 121 120 Due from related parties, net, current $ 915 $ 1,438 (1) Includes an immaterial amount related to our current operating lease liabilities due to related parties. We also recognized an immaterial amount related to non-current operating lease liabilities due to related parties. This amount has been included in operating lease liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021. Amounts included in due from related parties, net, current, with the exception of DFS and tax obligations, are generally settled in cash within 60 days of each quarter-end. 36 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Notes Payable to Dell As of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, we had an outstanding promissory note payable to Dell in the principal amount of $270 million due December 1, 2022. The note may be prepaid without penalty or premium. Interest is payable quarterly in arrears at the annual rate of 1.75%. During the three and six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020, interest expense on the notes payable to Dell was not significant. In connection with the Spin-Off, we plan to repay the outstanding $270 million note payable to Dell. Liquidity and Capital Resources As of the periods presented, we held cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments as follows (table in millions): July 30, January 29, 2021 2021 Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,855 $ 4,692 Short-term investments 82 23 Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments $ 5,937 $ 4,715 Cash equivalents primarily consisted of amounts invested in money market funds. We limit the amount of our investments with any single issuer and monitor the diversity of the portfolio and the amount of investments held at any single financial institution, thereby diversifying our credit risk. Short-term investments consisted of marketable equity securities in a company that completed its initial public offering during the third quarter of fiscal 2021. In the event that conditions for payment of the Special Dividend are satisfied and the Special Dividend is paid, we expect to fund the Special Dividend through cash reserves and incremental indebtedness. As a result, if conditions for the Special Dividend are met, we expect our cash and cash equivalents balance to decline. We continue to expect that cash generated by operations will be our primary source of liquidity. We also continue to believe that, despite this potential decline in cash and cash equivalents, existing cash, cash equivalents and our borrowing capacity, together with any cash generated from operations, will be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next twelve months. While we believe these cash sources will be sufficient to fund our operations, our overall level of cash needs may be affected by capital allocation decisions that may include the number and size of acquisitions and stock repurchases, among other things. We remain committed to maintaining an investment grade profile and credit rating. Following our planned Spin-Off from Dell, we expect to use free cash flow primarily to de-lever debt. In addition, we plan to continue with our balanced capital allocation policy through investing in our product and solution offerings, acquisitions and returning capital to stockholders through share repurchases. Additionally, given the unpredictable nature of our outstanding legal proceedings, an unfavorable resolution of one or more legal proceedings, claims, or investigations could have a negative impact on our overall liquidity. On August 2, 2021, we issued five unsecured senior notes pursuant to a public debt offering in an aggregate amount of $6.0 billion. The proceeds are expected to be used to fund a portion of the Special Dividend and, to the extent any proceeds remain, for general corporate purpose. Additionally, on September 2, 2021, we obtained $1.5 billion in commitments from lenders for a new five-year revolving credit facility, which replaced our existing $1.0 billion revolving credit facility that was undrawn. We also obtained $4.0 billion in commitments for term loans with maturities of up to five years. Refer to Note N to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information regarding our incremental indebtedness, including our recent notes offering. The 2017 Tax Act imposed a Transition Tax and eliminated U.S. Federal taxes on foreign subsidiary distributions. The Transition Tax was calculated on a separate tax return basis. Our liabilities related to the Transition Tax as of July 30, 2021 was $504 million, which we expect to pay over the next four years pursuant to a letter agreement between Dell, EMC and us executed during the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Actual tax payments made to Dell pursuant to the tax sharing agreement may differ materially from our total estimated tax liability calculated on a separate tax return basis. The difference between our estimated liability and the amount paid to Dell is recognized as a component of additional paid-in capital, generally in the period in which the consolidated tax return is filed. 37 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Our cash flows summarized for the periods presented were as follows (table in millions): Six Months Ended July 30, July 31, 2021 2020 Net cash provided by (used in): Operating activities $ 2,130 $ 2,094 Investing activities (144) (488) Financing activities (834) 185 Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ 1,152 $ 1,791 Operating Activities Cash provided by operating activities increased by $37 million during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020, primarily driven by increased cash collections due to increased sales, as well as decreased tax payments. This activity was partially offset by an increase in cash payments for employee-related expenses, including salaries, bonuses and commissions, resulting primarily from growth in headcount and salaries during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Investing Activities Cash used in investing activities decreased by $343 million during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020, primarily driven by a decrease in cash used in business combinations, as well as an increase in proceeds from sales of our investments in equity securities. Financing Activities Cash used in financing activities changed by $1.0 billion during the six months ended July 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended July 31, 2020, primarily due to the absence of the net cash proceeds received from the issuance of long-term debt of $2.0 billion and the redemption of the $1.3 billion unsecured senior note due August 21, 2020. The change was also driven by an increase of $419 million in repurchases of shares of our Class A common stock during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Unsecured Senior Notes The following table summarizes the principal on our two series of unsecured senior notes issued August 21, 2017 and our three series of unsecured senior notes issued April 7, 2020 (collectively, the “Senior Notes”) as of July 30, 2021 (amounts in millions): Senior Notes issued August 21, 2017: 2.95% Senior Note Due August 21, 2022 $ 1,500 3.90% Senior Note Due August 21, 2027 1,250 Senior Notes issued April 7, 2020: 4.50% Senior Note Due May 15, 2025 750 4.65% Senior Note Due May 15, 2027 500 4.70% Senior Note Due May 15, 2030 750 Total principal amount $ 4,750 Interest on the Senior Notes issued on April 7, 2020 is payable semiannually in arrears, on May 15 and November 15 of each year, beginning November 15, 2020. The interest rate on each note issued on April 7, 2020 is subject to adjustment based on certain rating events. Interest on the Senior Notes issued on August 21, 2017 is payable semiannually in arrears, on February 21 and August 21 of each year. During the six months ended July 30, 2021 and July 31, 2020, $93 million and $61 million, respectively, was paid for interest related to the Senior Notes. The Senior Notes also contain restrictive covenants that, in certain circumstances, limit our ability to create certain liens, to enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions and to consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets. On May 11, 2020, we exercised a make-whole call and redeemed the $1.3 billion unsecured senior note due August 21, 2020 at a premium. We intend to use the net proceeds of the Senior Notes for general corporate purposes, including mergers and acquisitions, repayment of other indebtedness or stock repurchases. 38 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Revolving Credit Facility On September 12, 2017, we entered into an unsecured credit agreement establishing a revolving credit facility with a syndicate of lenders that provides us with a borrowing capacity of up to $1.0 billion, for general corporate purposes. The credit agreement contains certain representations, warranties and covenants. Commitments under the revolving credit facility are available for a period of five years, which may be extended, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, by up to two one-year periods. As of July 30, 2021 and January 29, 2021, there was no outstanding borrowing under the revolving credit facility. Note Payable to Dell Refer to “Our Relationship with Dell” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part I, Item 2 for disclosure regarding our note payable to Dell. Stock Repurchase Program From time to time, we repurchase stock pursuant to authorized stock repurchase programs in open market transactions as permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements. We are not obligated to purchase any shares under our stock repurchase programs. The timing of any repurchases and the actual number of shares repurchased depends on a variety of factors, including our stock price, cash requirements for operations and business combinations, corporate and regulatory requirements and other market and economic conditions. Purchases may be discontinued at any time we believe additional purchases are not warranted. From time to time, we also purchase stock in private transactions, such as with Dell. All shares repurchased under our stock repurchase programs are retired. Refer to Note L to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for stock repurchase authorizations approved by our board of directors for the periods presented. Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates In preparing our condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), we are required to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the amounts reported on our financial statements and the accompanying disclosures. Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty and therefore require the exercise of judgment. We base our estimates, assumptions and judgments on historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change in future periods and will be recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements as new events occur and additional information becomes known. Actual results could differ from those estimates and any such differences may be material to our financial statements. We believe that the critical accounting policies and estimates set forth within Part II, Item 7, “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 26, 2021 involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity in their application than our other significant accounting policies. Our senior management has reviewed our critical accounting policies and related disclosures with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. Historically, our assumptions, judgments and estimates relative to our critical accounting policies have not differed materially from actual results. Forward-Looking Statements This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact could be deemed forward-looking statements, and words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “target,” “goal,” “project,” “intent,” “plan,” “believe,” “momentum,” “seek,” “estimate,” “continue,” “potential,” “future,” “endeavor,” “will,” “may,” “should,” “could,” “depend,” “predict,” and variations or the negative expression of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this report include, but are not limited to, statements relating to expected industry trends and conditions; future financial performance, trends or plans; anticipated impacts of developments in accounting rules and tax laws and rates; our expectations regarding the timing of tax payments and the impacts of changes in our corporate structure and alignment; plans for and anticipated benefits of VMware products, services and solutions and partner and alliance relationships; plans for, timing of and anticipated impacts and benefits of corporate transactions, capital-raising activities, acquisitions, stock repurchases and investment activities; the outcome or impact of pending litigation, claims or disputes; the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy as well as any related effects on our business operations, financial performance, results of operations and stock price; future plans with respect to Dell’s ownership interest in us, including the proposed Spin-Off of its ownership to Dell stockholders and the related Special Dividend to be paid by us and the sources of funding for such Special Dividend and the commercial framework for our future relationship with Dell; our commitment and ability to maintain an investment-grade credit rating; the sufficiency of our cash sources to fund our operations; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. These statements are based on current expectations about the industries in which VMware operates and the beliefs and assumptions of management. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties and the cautionary statements set forth above and those contained in the section of this report entitled “Risk Factors” identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those predicted in any such forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements in this document are made as of 39 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents the date hereof, based on information available to us as of the date hereof. We assume no obligation to, and do not currently intend to, update these forward-looking statements. Available Information Our website is located at www.vmware.com, and our investor relations website is located at http://ir.vmware.com. Our goal is to maintain the investor relations website as a portal through which investors can easily find or navigate to pertinent information about us, all of which is made available free of charge, including: •our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file that material with or furnish it to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”); •announcements of investor conferences, speeches and events at which our executives discuss our products, services and competitive strategies; •webcasts of our quarterly earnings calls and links to webcasts of investor conferences at which our executives appear (archives of these events are also available for a limited time); •additional information on financial metrics, including reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures discussed in our presentations to the nearest comparable GAAP measure; •press releases on quarterly earnings, product and service announcements, legal developments and international news; •corporate governance information including our certificate of incorporation, bylaws, corporate governance guidelines, board committee charters, business conduct guidelines (which constitutes our code of business conduct and ethics) and other governance-related policies; •other news, blogs and announcements that we may post from time to time that investors might find useful or interesting; and •opportunities to sign up for email alerts and RSS feeds to have information pushed in real time. The information found on our website is not part of, and is not incorporated by reference into, this or any other report we file with, or furnish to, the SEC. The SEC also maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. 40 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK There were no material changes to our market risk exposures during the six months ended July 30, 2021. See Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 26, 2021 for a detailed discussion of our market risk exposures. ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures We carried out an evaluation required by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, amended (the “Exchange Act”), under the supervision and with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and to provide reasonable assurance that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the most recent fiscal quarter ended July 30, 2021 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. Limitations on Controls Our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives as specified above. Our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Management does not expect, however, that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent or detect all errors and fraud. Any control system, no matter how well designed and operated, is based upon certain assumptions and can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that its objectives will be met. Further, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that misstatements due to error or fraud will not occur or that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected. 41 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents PART II OTHER INFORMATION ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS Refer to Note D to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a description of legal proceedings. See also the risk factor entitled “We are involved in litigation, investigations and regulatory inquiries and proceedings that could negatively affect us” in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a discussion of potential risks to our results of operations and financial condition that may arise from legal proceedings. ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS The risk factors that appear below could materially affect our business, financial condition and operating results. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only risks and uncertainties we face. Our business is also subject to general risks and uncertainties that affect many other companies. Specific risk factors related to our status as a controlled subsidiary of Dell Technologies Inc. (“Dell”) including with respect to the proposed Spin-Off and associated special cash dividend, overlapping business opportunities, Dell’s ability to control certain transactions and resource allocations and related persons transactions with Dell and its other affiliated companies are set forth below under the heading “Risks Related to Our Relationship with Dell.” Operation of Business and Strategic Risks A significant decrease in demand for our server virtualization products would adversely affect our operating results. A significant portion of our revenue is derived, and will for the foreseeable future continue to be derived, from our server virtualization products. As more businesses achieve high levels of virtualization in their data centers, the market for our vSphere product continues to mature. Additionally, as businesses increasingly utilize public cloud and SaaS-based offerings, they are building more of their new compute workloads off-premises and are increasingly shifting some of their existing and many of their new workloads to public cloud providers, thereby limiting growth, and potentially reducing the market for on-premises deployments of vSphere. Although sales of vSphere have declined as a portion of our overall business, and we expect this trend to continue, vSphere remains key to our future growth as it serves as the foundation for our newer SDDC, network virtualization and our newer subscription and SaaS offerings. Although we have launched, and are continuing to develop, products to extend our vSphere-based SDDC offerings to the public cloud, due to our product concentration, a significant decrease in demand for our server virtualization products would adversely affect our operating results. Our subscription and SaaS offerings, which constitute a growing portion of our business, and our initiatives to extend our data center virtualization and container platforms into the public cloud, involve various risks, including, among others, reliance on third-party providers for data center space and colocation services and on public cloud providers to prevent service disruptions. As we continue to develop and offer subscription and SaaS versions of our products, we must continue to evolve our processes to meet various intellectual property, regulatory, contractual and service compliance challenges, including compliance with licenses for open source and third-party software embedded in our offerings, compliance with export control and privacy regulations, protecting our services from external threats or inappropriate use, maintaining the continuous service levels and data security expected by our customers and adapting our go-to-market efforts. The expansion of our subscription and SaaS offerings also requires significant investments, and our operating margins, results of operations and operating cash flows may be adversely affected if our new offerings are not widely adopted by customers. Additionally, our subscription and SaaS offerings rely upon third-party providers to supply data center space, equipment maintenance and other colocation services and our initiatives to extend our virtualization and container platforms into the public cloud rely upon the ability of our public cloud and VCPP partners to maintain continuous service availability and protect customer data on their services. Although we have entered into various agreements for the lease of data center space, equipment maintenance and other services, third parties could fail to live up to their contractual obligations. The failure of a third-party provider to prevent service disruptions, data losses or security breaches may require us to issue credits or refunds or indemnify or otherwise be liable to customers or third parties for damages that may occur, and contractual provisions with our third-party providers and public cloud partners may limit our recourse against the third-party provider or public cloud partner responsible for such failure. Additionally, if these third-party providers fail to deliver on their obligations, our reputation could be damaged, our customers could lose confidence in us, and our ability to maintain and expand our subscription and SaaS offerings would be impaired. 42 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Our success depends upon our ability to adapt our business and pricing models to a subscription and SaaS model appropriately. Certain of our product initiatives, such as our VCPP and SaaS offerings, have a subscription model. As we increase our adoption of subscription-based pricing models for our products, we may fail to set pricing at levels appropriate to maintain our revenue streams or our customers may choose to deploy products from our competitors that they believe are priced more favorably. In addition, we may fail to accurately predict subscription renewal rates or their impact on operating results, and because revenue from subscriptions is recognized for our services over the term of the subscription, downturns or upturns in sales may not be immediately reflected in our results. Additionally, as customers transition to our subscription and SaaS products and services, our revenue and license revenue growth rate may be adversely impacted during the period of transition as we will recognize less revenue up front than we would otherwise recognize as part of the multi-year license contracts through which we typically sell our established offerings. For example, effective with the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we commenced reporting revenue from our subscription and SaaS as a separate revenue line item, breaking out components that had previously been included in our license revenue and services revenue and prior period amounts were reclassified to conform with this presentation. As a result, the rate of growth in our license revenue, which has been viewed as a leading indicator of our business performance may appear to be negatively impacted while the growth in subscription and SaaS revenue may not appear as robust because such revenue is recognized ratably over time as customers consume our subscription-based products. Finally, as we offer more services that depend on converting users of free services to users of premium services and purchasers of our on-premises products to our SaaS offerings, our ability to maintain or improve and to predict conversion rates will become more important. We face intense competition that could adversely affect our operating results. The virtualization, container, cloud computing, end-user computing, security and software-defined data center industries are interrelated and rapidly evolving, and we face intense competition across all the markets for our products and services. Many of our current or potential competitors have longer operating histories, greater name recognition, larger customer bases and significantly greater financial, technical, sales, marketing and other resources than we do. Additionally, the adoption of public and distributed cloud, micro-services, containers, and open source technologies has the potential to erode our profitability. We face competition from, among others: Providers of public cloud infrastructure and SaaS-based offerings. As businesses increasingly utilize public cloud and SaaS-based offerings, they are building more of their new compute workloads off-premises and may also shift some of their existing workloads. A significant percentage of new application development is happening in the public cloud, and these new applications are often deployed on public cloud infrastructure. As a result, the demand for on-premises information technology (“IT”) resources is expected to slow, and our products and services will need to increasingly compete for customers’ IT workloads with off-premises public cloud and SaaS-based offerings. If our private, hybrid and multi-cloud products and services fail to address evolving customer requirements, the demand for VMware’s virtualization products and services may decline, and we could experience lower growth. Additionally, VMware Cloud Provider Program (“VCPP”) offerings from our partners may compete directly with infrastructure-as-a-service (“IaaS”) offerings from various public cloud providers such as Amazon Web Services (“AWS”) and Microsoft, which are increasingly integrated with on-premises solutions. In fiscal 2018, we entered into a strategic alliance with AWS to deliver a vSphere-based cloud service, VMware Cloud on AWS, running in AWS data centers available in certain geographies, and, in fiscal 2019, we extended our collaboration with AWS to include AWS Outposts. In fiscal 2020, we also announced partnerships with Microsoft (Azure VMware Solution by CloudSimple), Google (Google Cloud VMware Solution by CloudSimple), and Oracle (Oracle Cloud VMware Solution) under the framework of our VCPP that enable customers to run native VMware-based workloads on Azure, Google Cloud, and Oracle Cloud. Our partnerships with these public cloud providers may be seen as competitive with each other, with other VCPP partners and with AWS, while some partners may elect to include solutions such as VMware Cloud on AWS as part of their managed services provider offerings. In addition, many of these public cloud providers are delivering hybrid cloud hardware solutions with their distributed cloud management. To the extent customers choose to operate native cloud environments (or similar non-VMware environments, such as Azure Stack) in their data centers in lieu of purchasing VMware’s on-premises and hybrid and multi-cloud products, our operating results could be materially adversely affected. Providers of enterprise security offerings. With the close of VMware’s acquisition of Carbon Black in October 2019, we launched a new set of enterprise security solutions that includes the Carbon Black endpoint security platform and the intrinsic security elements of our existing NSX virtual networking, Workspace ONE end user and our compute offerings. The cybersecurity market is large, highly competitive, fragmented and subject to rapidly evolving technology, shifting customer needs and the frequent introductions of new solutions. Competitors in the end point security space include legacy antivirus solution providers such as McAfee and NortonLifeLock, established software and infrastructure providers such as Blackberry Limited (after purchasing Cylance, Inc.) and Microsoft as well as next-generation endpoint security providers such as 43 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents CrowdStrike. In addition, new startup companies and established companies have entered or are currently attempting to enter the next-generation endpoint security market. While we believe that the intrinsic security elements in our existing offerings coupled with our Carbon Black endpoint security offerings and new combined offerings we expect to develop and introduce in the future will enable us to provide an integrated security offering with significant advantages over our competitors’ current offerings, our ability to gain traction and market share as a new entrant into this well-established market segment is uncertain New trends, such as Secure Access Service Edge (SASE) and Zero Trust Network Access, represent the coalescence of formerly distinct markets, such as identity management, secure web gateway, SD-WAN, network firewall, and cloud access security brokers. These trends may bring existing partners such as Zscaler and Okta into a more competitive position with Carbon Black, VeloCloud and other distributed network security offerings from VMware. If we are unable to successfully adapt our product and service offerings to meet these opportunities and rapidly evolving trends our operating results could be adversely affected. Large, diversified enterprise software and hardware companies. These competitors supply a wide variety of products and services to, and have well-established relationships with, our current and prospective end users. For example, small- to medium-sized businesses and companies in emerging markets that are evaluating the adoption of virtualization-based technologies and solutions may be inclined to consider Microsoft solutions because of their existing use of Windows and Office products. Some of these competitors have in the past and may in the future take advantage of their existing relationships to engage in business practices that make our products and services less attractive or more expensive to our end users. For example, in August 2019, Microsoft modified its on-premises licensing terms to require end users who wish to deploy Microsoft software on certain dedicated hosted cloud services other than Microsoft’s Azure cloud service, including VMware Cloud on AWS, to purchase additional rights from Microsoft. Other competitors have limited or denied support for their applications running in VMware virtualization environments. In addition, these competitors could integrate competitive capabilities into their existing products and services and make them available without additional charge. For example, Oracle provides free server virtualization software intended to support Oracle and non-Oracle applications, Microsoft offers its own server, network, and storage virtualization software packaged with its Windows Server product as well as built-in virtualization in the client version of Windows and Cisco includes network virtualization technology in many of their data center networking platforms. As a result, existing and prospective VMware customers may elect to use products that are perceived to be “free” or “very low cost” instead of purchasing VMware products and services for certain applications where they do not believe that more advanced and robust capabilities are required. Companies offering competing platforms based on open source technologies. Open source technologies for virtualization, containerization and cloud platforms, such as Xen, KVM, Docker, rkt, OpenShift, Mesos, Kubernetes and OpenStack, and other open source software-based products, solutions and services developed by enterprise IT vendors that target data center virtualization and private cloud, such as Red Hat (now a part of IBM) and Nutanix, may reduce the demand for our solutions, put pricing pressure on our offerings and enable competing vendors to leverage open source technologies to compete directly with us. In addition, one of the characteristics of open source software is that, subject to specified restrictions, anyone may modify and redistribute existing open source software and use it to compete in the marketplace. Such competition can develop with a smaller degree of overhead and lead time than traditional proprietary software companies require. New platform technologies and standards based on open source software are consistently being developed and can gain popularity quickly. Improvements in open source software could cause customers to replace software purchased from us with open-source software. VMware is delivering container technologies and Cloud Native Application technologies portfolio with VMware Tanzu. We have also increased our level of commitment to open source projects and communities like the Cloud Native Computing Foundation that are designed to increase the rate at which customers adopt micro-services architectures. The adoption of distributed micro-service application architectures, and their alignment with container technologies, represents an emerging area of competition. As we continue to invest in these areas, we will experience increasing competitive overlap with other cloud native vendors like Red Hat and the large providers of public cloud infrastructure. Such competitive pressure or the availability of new open source software may result in reduced sales, increasing pricing pressure, increased sales and marketing expenses and lower operating margins, any one of which may adversely affect our operating results. Other industry alliances. Many of our competitors have entered into or extended partnerships or other strategic relationships to offer more comprehensive virtualization and cloud computing solutions than they individually had offered. We expect these trends to continue as companies attempt to strengthen or maintain their positions in the evolving virtualization infrastructure and enterprise IT solutions industry. These alliances may result in more compelling product and service offerings than we offer. Our partners and members of our developer and technology partner ecosystem. We face competition from our partners. For example, third parties currently selling our products and services could build and market their own competing products and services or market competing products and services of other vendors. Additionally, as formerly distinct sectors of enterprise IT such as software-based virtualization and hardware-based server, networking and storage solutions converge, we also increasingly compete with companies who are members of our developer and technology partner ecosystem. For example, in 44 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents July 2019, one of our important partners and customers, IBM, closed its acquisition of Red Hat, one of our competitors in the cloud native applications space. Consequently, we may find it more difficult to continue to work together productively on other projects, and the advantages we derive from our ecosystem could diminish. This competition could result in increased pricing pressure and sales and marketing expenses, thereby materially reducing our operating margins, and could also prevent our new products and services from gaining market acceptance, thereby harming our ability to increase, or causing us to lose, market share. Our success depends increasingly on customer acceptance of our newer products and services. Our products and services are primarily based on server virtualization and related compute technologies used for virtualizing on-premises data center servers, which form the foundation for private cloud computing. As the market for server virtualization continues to mature, the rate of growth in license sales of VMware vSphere (“vSphere”) has declined. We are increasingly directing our product development and marketing efforts toward products and services that enable businesses to utilize virtualization as the foundation for private, public, hybrid and multi-cloud-based computing and mobile computing, including our vSphere-based SDDC products such as vRealize management, vSAN storage virtualization, NSX virtual networking, as well as our Horizon client virtualization, Unified Endpoint Management mobile device management, and our managed subscription services, such as VMware Cloud on AWS, VMware Cloud on AWS Outposts and our VMware Cloud on Dell EMC. In October 2019, we completed the acquisition of Carbon Black, Inc. (“Carbon Black”), which now forms the nucleus of VMware’s new set of enterprise security solutions focused on helping to provide advanced cybersecurity protection to customers. We have also been introducing SaaS versions of our on-premises products, including VMware Workspace ONE (“Workspace ONE”) offerings, and investing in a range of SaaS and cloud-native technologies and products, including those acquired through our Heptio Inc., CloudHealth Technologies, Inc., VeloCloud Networks, Inc. and Pivotal Software, Inc. (“Pivotal”) acquisitions. These cloud and SaaS initiatives present new and difficult technological, operational and compliance challenges, and significant investments continue to be required to develop or acquire solutions to address those challenges. Our success depends on our current and future customers perceiving technological and operational benefits and cost savings associated with adopting our private, public, hybrid and multi-cloud solutions and our client virtualization and mobile device management solutions. As the market for our server virtualization products continues to mature, and the scale of our business continues to increase, our rate of revenue growth increasingly depends upon the success of our newer product and service offerings. To the extent that adoption rates for our newer products and services are not sufficient to offset declines in revenue growth for our established server virtualization offerings, our overall revenue growth rates may slow materially or our revenue may decline substantially. Additionally, we may fail to realize returns on our investments in new initiatives and our operating results could be materially adversely affected. Competition for our highly skilled employees is intense and costly, and our business and growth prospects may suffer if we cannot attract and retain them. We must continue to attract and retain highly qualified personnel, particularly software and cloud engineers and sales and customer experience personnel, for which competition, particularly against companies with greater resources, startups and emerging growth companies is intense. Research and development personnel are also aggressively recruited by startup and emerging growth companies, which are especially active in many of the technical areas and geographic regions in which we conduct product and service development. This competition results in increased costs in the form of cash and stock-based compensation and can have a dilutive impact on our stock. We have experienced, and we expect to continue to experience, difficulty in hiring and retaining highly skilled employees with appropriate qualifications, and, if we fail to attract new personnel or fail to retain and motivate our current personnel, our business and future growth prospects could suffer. The loss of key management personnel could harm our business. We depend on the continued services of key management personnel. We generally do not have employment or non-compete agreements with our employees, and, therefore, they could terminate their employment with us at any time without penalty and could pursue employment opportunities with any of our competitors. In addition, we do not maintain any key-person life insurance policies. The loss of key management personnel could harm our business. Our current research and development efforts may not produce significant revenue for several years, if at all. Developing our products and services is expensive, and developing and launching disruptive technologies requires significant investment often entailing greater risk than incremental investments in existing products and services. Our research and development expenses were approximately 24% of our total revenue during the six months ended July 30, 2021. We plan to continue to significantly invest in our research and development efforts to maintain our competitive position. Our investments in research and development may result in products or services that generate less revenue than we anticipate or may not result in marketable products and services for several years or at all. 45 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Acquisitions and divestitures could materially harm our business and operating results. We have acquired in the past, and plan to acquire in the future, other businesses, products or technologies. We also sell or divest businesses, products and technologies from time-to-time. Acquisitions and divestitures involve significant risks and uncertainties, including: •disruptions to our ongoing operations and diverting management from day-to-day responsibilities due to, for example, the need to provide transition services in connection with a disposition or difficulty integrating the operations, technologies, products, customers and personnel of acquired businesses effectively; •adverse impacts to our business and financial results resulting from increases to our expenses due to, among other things, integrating business operations and on-boarding personnel and the incurrence of amortization expense related to identifiable intangible assets acquired and other accounting consequences of acquisitions; •reductions to our cash available for operations, stock repurchase programs and other uses, potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities or the incurrence of additional debt; •uncertainties in achieving the expected benefits of an acquisition or disposition, including with respect to our business strategy, revenue, technology, human resources, cost and operating efficiencies and other synergies, due to, among other things, a lack of experience in new markets, products or technologies; or an initial dependence on unfamiliar distribution partners or vendors; •unidentified issues that were not discovered during the diligence process, including issues with the acquired or divested business’s intellectual property, product quality, security, privacy and accounting practices, regulatory compliance or legal contingencies; •lawsuits resulting from an acquisition or disposition; •maintenance or establishment of acceptable standards, controls, procedures or policies with respect to an acquired business; and •the need to later divest acquired assets at a loss if an acquisition does not meet our expectations. Disruptions to our distribution channels, including our various routes to market through Dell, could harm our business. Our future success is highly dependent on our relationships with channel partners, including distributors, resellers, system vendors and systems integrators, which contribute to a significant portion of our revenue. Recruiting and retaining qualified channel partners and training them in the use of our technology and product offerings requires significant time and resources. Our failure to maintain good relationships with channel partners would likely lead to a loss of end users of our products and services, which would adversely affect our revenue. We generally do not have long-term contracts or minimum purchase commitments with our channel partners, and the contracts that we do have with these channel partners do not prohibit them from offering products or services that compete with ours. One of our distributors accounted for 10% or more of our consolidated revenue during the six months ended July 30, 2021. Although we believe that we have in place, or would have in place by the date of any such termination, agreements with replacement distributors sufficient to maintain our revenue from distribution, if we were to lose the distribution services of a significant distributor, such loss could have a negative impact on our operating results until such time as we arrange to replace these distribution services with the services of existing or new distributors. Additionally, sales via our various route-to-market relationships with Dell accounted for 36% of our consolidated revenue during the six months ended July 30, 2021 and transactions where Dell acted as an original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) accounted for 13% of the revenue from Dell, or 5% of our consolidated revenue. Such routes to market include Dell selling joint solutions as an OEM, acting as a distributor to other non-Dell resellers, reselling products and services as a reseller or purchasing products and services for its own internal use. Any disruption or significant change to our relationship with Dell or the terms upon which they sell and distribute our products and services could have a negative impact on our operating results until such time as we arrange to replace these distribution services with the services of existing or new distributors. The evolution of our business requires more complex go-to-market strategies, which involve significant risk. Our increasing focus on developing and marketing IT management and automation and IaaS offerings (including software-defined networking, VCPP-integrated virtual desktop and mobile device, cloud and SaaS) that enable customers to transform their IT systems requires a greater focus on marketing and selling product suites and more holistic solutions, rather than selling on a product-by-product basis. Consequently, we have developed, and must continue to develop, new strategies for marketing and selling our offerings. In addition, marketing and selling new technologies to enterprises requires us to invest significant time and resources to educate customers on the benefits of our offerings. These investments can be costly and educating our sales force can distract from their efforts to sell existing products and services. Additionally, from time to time, we reorganize 46 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents our go-to-market teams to increase efficiencies and improve customer coverage, but these reorganizations can cause short-term disruptions that may negatively impact sales over one or more fiscal periods. Further, upon entering into new industry segments, we may choose to go to market with third-party manufactured hardware appliances that are integrated with our software—as we did when we entered into the SD-WAN space through our acquisitions of VeloCloud Networks, Inc. and Nyansa, Inc.—which requires us to rapidly develop, deploy and scale new hardware procurement, supply chain and inventory management processes and product support services and integrate them into our ongoing business systems and controls. Similarly, our launches of managed subscription services, such as VMware Cloud on AWS and VMware Cloud on Dell EMC, require us to implement new methods to deliver and monitor end user services and adjust our model for releasing product upgrades. As our customers increasingly shift from one-time purchases of perpetual software licenses to purchasing our software via more subscription and SaaS-based programs, our go-to-market teams will need to alter their outreach to customers to support ongoing consumption of our offerings, and we will need to appropriately adjust the variable compensation programs we use to incentivize our sales teams. If we fail to successfully adjust, develop and implement effective go-to-market strategies, our financial results may be materially adversely impacted. We may not be able to respond to rapid technological changes with new solutions and services offerings. The industries in which we compete are characterized by rapid, complex and disruptive changes in technology, customer demands and industry standards that could make it difficult for us to effectively compete and cause our existing and future software solutions to become obsolete and unmarketable. Our ability to react quickly to new technology trends—such as cloud computing, which is disrupting the ways businesses consume, manage and provide physical IT resources, applications, data and IT services—and customer requirements is negatively impacted by the length of our development cycle for new and enhanced products and services, which has frequently been longer than we originally anticipated. This is due in part to the increasing complexity of our product offerings as we increase their interoperability and maintain their compatibility with IT resources, such as public clouds, utilized by our customers while sustaining and enhancing product quality. When we release significant new versions of our existing offerings, the complexity of our products may require existing customers to remove and replace prior versions to take full advantage of substantial new capabilities, which may subdue initial demand for the new versions or depress demand for existing versions until the customer is ready to purchase and install the newest release. If we are unable to evolve our solutions and offerings in time to respond to and remain ahead of new technological developments—in applications, networking or security, for example—or in ways that are compelling to customers, our ability to retain or increase market share and revenue could be materially adversely affected. We may also fail to adequately anticipate the commercialization of emerging technologies, such as blockchain, and the development of new markets and applications for our technology, such as edge computing, and thereby fail to take advantage of new market opportunities or fall behind early movers in those markets. We operate a global business that exposes us to additional risks. A significant portion of our employees, customers and channel partners are located outside the U.S. Our international activities account for a substantial portion of our revenue and profits, and our investment portfolio includes investments in non-U.S. financial instruments and holdings in non-U.S. financial institutions. In addition to the risks described elsewhere in these risk factors, our international operations subject us to a variety of risks, including: •difficulties in delivering support, training and documentation; enforcing contracts; collecting accounts receivable; transferring funds; maintaining appropriate controls relating to revenue recognition practices; and longer payment cycles in certain countries and especially in emerging markets; •network security and privacy concerns, which could make foreign customers reluctant to purchase products and services from U.S.-based technology companies; •tariffs and trade barriers, and other regulatory or contractual limitations on our ability to sell or develop our products and services in certain foreign markets, such as in China, whose government has adopted a range of laws and regulations relating to the procurement of key network equipment and security products and the storage and processing of data that might cause our business in China to suffer and expose us to civil and criminal penalties; •localized impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic that persist or flare up in particular regions, such as in India where several of our global support services as well as research and development personnel are located, have in the past and in the future could cause delays or disruptions in certain of our business operations and product development; •economic or political instability and uncertainty about or changes in government and trade relationships, policies, and treaties that could adversely affect the ability of U.S.-based companies to conduct business in non-U.S. markets, such as in the U.K. where considerable regulatory uncertainty remains regarding compliance post-Brexit; and •legal risks, particularly in emerging markets, relating to compliance with U.S. exchange control requirements and international and U.S. anti-corruption laws and associated exposure to significant fines, penalties and reputational harm. 47 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Our failure to manage any of these risks successfully could negatively affect our reputation and materially adversely affect our operating results. Our success depends on the interoperability of our products and services with those of other companies. The success of our products depends upon the cooperation of hardware and software vendors to ensure interoperability with our products and offer compatible products and services to end users. In addition, we extend the functionality of various products to work with native public cloud applications, which in some cases requires the cooperation of public cloud vendors. To the extent that hardware, software and public cloud vendors perceive that their products and services compete with ours or those of our controlling stockholder, Dell, they may have an incentive to withhold their cooperation, decline to share access or sell to us their proprietary APIs, protocols or formats, or engage in practices to actively limit the functionality, compatibility and certification of our products. In addition, vendors may fail to certify or support or continue to certify or support our products for their systems. If any of the foregoing occurs, our product development efforts may be delayed or foreclosed and it may be difficult and more costly for us to achieve functionality and service levels that would make our services attractive to end users, any of which could negatively impact our business and operating results. Failure to effectively manage our product and service lifecycles could harm our business. As part of the natural lifecycle of our products and services, we periodically inform customers that products or services will be reaching their end of life or end of availability and will no longer be supported or receive updates and security patches. To the extent these products or services remain subject to a service contract with the customer, we offer to transition the customer to alternative products or services. Failure to effectively manage our product and service lifecycles could lead to customer dissatisfaction and contractual liabilities, which could adversely affect our business and operating results. Financial Risks Our operating results may fluctuate significantly. Our operating results may fluctuate due to a variety of factors, many of which are outside of our control. As a result, comparing our operating results on a period-to-period basis may not be meaningful, and our past results should not be relied upon as an indication of our future performance. In addition, a significant portion of our quarterly sales typically occurs during the last two weeks of the quarter, which generally reflects customer buying patterns for enterprise technology. As a result, our quarterly operating results are difficult to predict even in the near term. If our revenue or operating results fall below the expectations of investors or securities analysts or below any guidance we may provide to the market, the price of our Class A common stock would likely decline substantially. Factors that may cause fluctuations in our operating results include, among others, the factors described elsewhere in this risk factors section and the following: •fluctuations in demand, adoption and renewal rates, sales cycles and pricing levels for our products and services; •variations in customer choices among our on-premises and subscription and SaaS offerings, which can impact our rates of total revenue and license revenue growth; •the timing of announcements or releases of new or upgraded products and services by us, our partners or competitors; •the timing of sales orders processing, which can cause fluctuations in our backlog and impact our bookings and timing of revenue recognition; •our ability to maintain scalable internal systems for reporting, order processing, license fulfillment, product delivery, purchasing, billing and general accounting, among other functions; •our ability to control costs, including our operating expenses, and the timing and amount of internal use software development costs that may be capitalized; •the credit risks associated with our distributors, who account for a significant portion of our product revenue and accounts receivable, and our customers; •the timing and size of realignment plans and restructuring charges; •seasonal factors such as end of fiscal period expenditures by our customers and the timing of holiday and vacation periods; •unplanned events that could affect market perception of the quality or cost-effectiveness of our products and solutions; and •fluctuations in the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting restrictions on business activity which may vary significantly by region. 48 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Adverse economic conditions may harm our business. Our business success depends in part on worldwide economic conditions. The overall demand for and spend on IT may be viewed by our current and prospective customers as discretionary and, in times of economic uncertainty, customers may delay, decrease, reduce the value and duration, or cancel purchases and upgrades of our products and services. Weak economic conditions or significant uncertainty regarding the stability of financial markets related to stock market volatility, inflation, recession, changes in tariffs, trade agreements or governmental fiscal, monetary and tax policies, among others, could adversely impact our business, financial condition and operating results. General and ongoing tightening in the credit market, lower levels of liquidity, increases in rates of default and bankruptcy and significant volatility in equity and fixed-income markets could all negatively impact our customers’ purchasing decisions. Increases in interest rates on credit and debt that would increase the cost of our borrowing could impact our ability to access the capital markets and adversely affect our ability to repay or refinance our outstanding indebtedness, fund future product development and acquisitions or conduct stock buybacks. For example, the COVID-19 pandemic has depressed economic activity worldwide, and the timing and strength of an economic recovery is highly uncertain and likely to vary significantly by region. While the COVID-19 pandemic has not had a material adverse financial impact on our operations to date, the future course of the pandemic and any resulting economic impact remain highly uncertain and continue to rapidly evolve. We have observed negative impacts on our sales and our financial results from and there continues to be significant uncertainty regarding the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, during much of fiscal 2021, we saw delays in customers’ large transformative on-premises projects that we believe were largely due to COVID-19, which negatively impacted our product sales. There remains considerable uncertainty regarding the progress of vaccination programs, the dangers posed by COVID-19 variants and when a return to pre-pandemic conditions can occur. Accordingly, should the pandemic persist for a long period of time, economic conditions globally or in particular regions may fail to recover or even worsen, which could cause material adverse impacts to our earnings and other results of operations. Additionally, concerns over the economic impact of COVID-19 have caused volatility in financial and other capital markets, which has and may continue to adversely impact our stock price and our ability to access the equity or debt capital markets on attractive terms or at all for a period of time, which could have an adverse effect on our liquidity position. Additionally, trade tensions between the U.S. and its trading partners, like China, have caused and may continue to cause significant volatility in global financial markets. Amidst sustained economic uncertainty, many national and local governments that are current or prospective customers, including the U.S. federal government, may need to make significant changes in their spending priorities, which could reduce the amount of government spending on IT and the potential demand for our products and services from the government sector. These adverse economic conditions can arise suddenly, have unpredictable impacts and materially adversely affect our future sales and operating results. We have outstanding indebtedness in the form of unsecured notes, and we may incur other debt in the future, which may adversely affect our financial condition and future financial results. We have outstanding indebtedness that we have undertaken in the normal course of business and in connection with the planned Spin-Off. On April 13, 2021, in connection with the planned Spin-Off, our Board of Directors declared a conditional special cash dividend, pro rata, to holders of Common Stock in an aggregate amount to be mutually agreed by VMware and Dell between $11.5 billion and $12.0 billion (the “Special Dividend”), the payment of which is subject to various conditions. As previously disclosed, we expect to fund $2.5 billion to $3.5 billion of the Special Dividend through our cash reserves and the balance through incremental indebtedness. As of July 30, 2021, we had $4.8 billion in unsecured notes outstanding, an additional unsecured promissory note with an outstanding principal amount of $270 million owed to Dell (the “Dell Note”), and an undrawn $1.0 billion unsecured revolving credit facility (the “Existing Revolving Credit Facility”). Additionally, in connection with the planned Spin-Off and Special Dividend, we issued $6.0 billion in unsecured notes on August 2, 2021, and, on September 2, 2021, we entered into two unsecured term loan facilities enabling an aggregate borrowing capacity of up to $4.0 billion (the “Term Loan”) and a $1.5 billion unsecured revolving credit facility that replaced the Existing Revolving Credit Facility (the “2021 Revolving Credit Facility”). The terms of our unsecured notes, Dell Note, Term Loan, Existing Revolving Credit Facility and 2021 Revolving Credit Facility impose restrictions on us, including in specified and customary covenants, our compliance with which may be affected by events beyond our control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions and whether the Spin-Off and Special Dividend are consummated. If we fail to satisfy any of the terms or breach any of the covenants and do not obtain a waiver from the lenders or note holders, then, subject to applicable cure periods, any outstanding indebtedness may be declared immediately due and payable or, with respect to the unsecured notes, we may be required to repurchase our unsecured notes at a price equal to 101% of the aggregate principal plus any accrued and unpaid interest. 49 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Our current and any future debt may adversely affect our financial condition and future financial results by, among other things, increasing our vulnerability to adverse changes in general economic and industry conditions, necessitating use or dedication of our expected cash flow from operations to service our indebtedness instead of for other purposes, such as capital expenditures and acquisitions, and limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, business changes. In addition, any actual or anticipated changes to our credit ratings, including any announcement that our credit ratings are under review by any rating agency, may: •negatively impact the value and liquidity of our debt and equity securities; •result in an increase in the interest rate payable by us and the cost of borrowing under our 2021Revolving Credit Facility; •negatively affect the terms of and restrict our ability to obtain financing in the future; and •upon the occurrence of certain downgrades of the ratings of our unsecured notes, require us to repurchase our unsecured notes at a price equal to 101% of the aggregate principal plus any accrued and unpaid interest. Additionally, our parent company, Dell, has a significant level of debt financing, and any negative changes to Dell’s credit rating could also negatively impact our credit rating and the value and liquidity of any future debt we might raise. Refer to “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part I, Item 2 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information on our outstanding indebtedness. Our operating results may be adversely impacted by exposure to additional tax liabilities and higher than expected tax rates. We are subject to income taxes as well as non-income-based taxes, such as payroll, sales and property taxes, in many of the jurisdictions in which we operate. Our tax liabilities are dependent on the allocation of revenue and expenses in different jurisdictions and the timing of recognizing revenue and expenses. Significant judgment is required to determine our worldwide provision for income taxes and other tax liabilities. For example, in the ordinary course of our global business, we execute intercompany transactions, including intellectual property transfers, that require us to make tax estimates because the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We are subject to income and indirect tax examinations and are undergoing audits in various jurisdictions. For instance, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) has started its examination of fiscal years 2015 through 2019 for the Dell consolidated group, of which VMware was part beginning in Dell’s fiscal year 2017. While we believe we have complied with all applicable income tax laws and made reasonable tax estimates, a governing tax authority could have a different legal interpretation and a final determination of tax audits or disputes may differ from what is reflected in our historical income tax provisions or benefits and accruals and we may be assessed with additional taxes. In addition, regulatory guidance is still forthcoming with respect to the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“2017 Tax Act”) and such guidance may adversely impact our tax provision. Any assessment of additional taxes could materially affect our financial condition and operating results. Our future effective tax rate may be affected by such factors as: •the expiration of legal statutes of limitation and settlements of audits; •the impact of accounting for stock-based compensation and for business combinations, such as our acquisition of Pivotal, which was accounted for as a common control transaction; •the recognition of excess tax benefits or deficiencies within the income tax provision or benefit in the period in which they occur; •the overall levels and proportion of our income before provision for income taxes earned in the U.S. and in jurisdictions with a tax rate lower than the U.S. statutory rate; and •changes in tax laws or their interpretations, in our business or statutory rates, and in our corporate structure. For example, in October 2014, Ireland announced revisions to its tax regulations, that, among other things, would raise tax rates on the foreign earnings of our Ireland-organized subsidiary by which our non-U.S. earnings are primarily earned. For this and other reasons, we proactively made structural changes to mitigate the impact of the changing Irish tax regulations to our future tax rates. Numerous other countries have also recently enacted or are considering enacting changes to tax laws, administrative interpretations, decisions, policies and positions. These and any other significant changes to U.S., Irish or international tax laws could materially adversely affect our effective tax rate, the timing and amount of our tax liabilities and payments, our financial condition and operating results. 50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Security Risks Cybersecurity breaches of our systems or the systems of our vendors, partners and suppliers could materially harm our business. Cyber risks represent a large and growing risk to our business, as we depend upon our IT systems, proprietary software and services, as well as the systems of SaaS providers, to conduct virtually all of our business operations. Some of the factors that contribute to significant cyber risks include: •We increasingly develop and maintain large data sets and rely on machine learning, artificial intelligence and analytics to provide services to our customers and partners. •Customers conduct purchase and service transactions online, and we store increasing amounts of customer data and host or manage parts of customers’ businesses in cloud-based IT environments. •Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the rollout of our “Future of Work” program to work from anywhere, greater numbers of our employees work remotely, making them and us more vulnerable to cyber-attacks, including email phishing and social engineering. •We rely on third parties and their systems for a number of our business functions and to sell our products and services as distributors, resellers, system vendors and systems integrators. •Sophisticated hardware, software and applications that we produce or procure from third parties have in the past and will in the future contain defects or vulnerabilities that could interfere with our systems and processes. •Our leadership position in the enterprise security industry makes us and our products a target of computer hackers seeking to compromise product security. •We are considered an essential supplier in the digital supply chain for the United States government and others, which makes us and our products a target for those seeking to threaten the confidentiality, availability and integrity of critical infrastructure globally. Cyber-attacks, which are increasing in number and technical sophistication, threaten to misappropriate our proprietary information, cause interruptions of our IT services, introduce vulnerabilities, extract financial gain and commit fraud. We may not be able to anticipate the techniques used in such attacks, as they change frequently and may not be recognized until launched. If unauthorized access or sabotage remains undetected for an extended period of time, the effects of any such breach could be exacerbated. Unauthorized parties (which may have included nation states and individuals sponsored by them) have penetrated our network security and our website in the past and may do so in the future. In addition, employees or contractors have introduced vulnerabilities in, and enabled the exploitation of, our IT environments, our software products (and correspondingly our customers’ environments), and our subscription and SaaS offerings in the past and may do so in the future. These vulnerabilities have and will continue to have a corresponding impact on our customers’ environments that use our affected software products, and delays by customers in taking appropriate security measures in their environments increase the potential severity of the impact. We are increasingly targeted for financial gain and fraud by criminal persons and groups that seek to extort or steal funds from companies and employees. Significant and increasing investments of time, resources and management’s attention have been, and will continue to be, required to anticipate and address cyber-related challenges. Accordingly, if our cybersecurity systems and those of our contractors, partners and vendors fail to protect against breaches, our ability to conduct our business could be damaged in a number of ways, including: •sensitive data regarding our business, including intellectual property and other proprietary data, could be stolen; •our electronic communications systems, including email and other methods, could be disrupted, and our ability to conduct our business operations could be seriously damaged until they are restored and secured; •our ability to process and electronically deliver customer orders could be degraded, and our distribution channels could be disrupted, resulting in delays in revenue recognition; •defects and security vulnerabilities could be exploited or introduced into our software products or our subscription and SaaS offerings and impair or disrupt them, thereby damaging the reputation and perceived reliability and security of our products and services and potentially making the data systems of our customers and partners vulnerable to further data loss and cyber incidents; and •personally identifiable information or confidential data of our customers, employees and business partners could be stolen or lost. Should any of the above events occur, or are perceived to have occurred, we could be subject to significant claims for liability from our customers, partners, vendors, or employees (among others); we could face regulatory actions and sanctions 51 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents from governmental agencies under privacy, data protection or other laws; our ability to protect our intellectual property rights could be compromised; our reputation and competitive position could be materially harmed; we could face material losses as the result of successful financial cyber-fraud schemes; and we could incur significant costs in order to upgrade our cybersecurity systems, remediate damages and defend the Company in any legal, regulatory or legislative proceedings. Consequently, our business, financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected. Our products and services are highly technical and may contain, or be subject to other suppliers’, errors, defects or security vulnerabilities. Our products and services are highly technical and complex and, when deployed, have contained and may contain errors, defects or security vulnerabilities, some of which may only be discovered after a product or service has been installed and used by customers. Security vulnerabilities in user environments, installation errors or misuse can also lead to unintended access to or exploitation of our products. Accordingly, from time to time we have issued security alerts and provided software updates to customers when such issues have been identified. Undiscovered vulnerabilities in our products or services could expose our customers to hackers or other unscrupulous third parties who develop and deploy viruses, worms and other malicious software programs that could attack our products or services. Further, our use of open-source software in our offerings can make our products and services vulnerable to additional security risks not posed by proprietary products. In the past, VMware has been made aware of public postings by hackers of portions of our source code. It is possible that the released source code could expose unknown security vulnerabilities in our products and services that could be exploited by hackers or others. VMware products and services are also subject to known and unknown security vulnerabilities resulting from integration with products or services of other companies (such as applications, operating systems or semiconductors). Actual or perceived errors, defects or security vulnerabilities in our products or services could harm our reputation, result in litigation or regulatory actions or lead some customers to return products or services, reduce or delay future purchases or use competitive products or services, any of which could materially negatively impact our business, operating results and stock price. Problems with our information systems could interfere with our business and could adversely impact our operations. We rely on our information systems and those of third parties for fulfilling contractual obligations, including processing customer orders, delivering products and providing services, performing accounting operations and otherwise running our business. If our systems fail, our disaster and data recovery planning and capacity may prove insufficient to enable timely recovery of important functions and business records. Additionally, our information systems may not efficiently support new business models and initiatives, and significant investments could be required in order to upgrade existing or implement new systems. Business requirements may require additional capabilities including implementation of a new information system. For example, during the first quarter of fiscal 2020 we implemented a new lease accounting software to facilitate the preparation of financial information related to the adoption of accounting standard updates. Further, we continuously work to enhance our information systems, such as our enterprise resource planning software, and the implementation of such enhancements is frequently disruptive to the underlying enterprise, which may especially be the case for us due to the size and complexity of our business, and may disrupt internal controls and business processes that could introduce unintended vulnerability to error. Any such disruption to our information systems and those of the third parties upon whom we rely could have a material impact on our business. Legal and Compliance Risks We are involved in litigation, investigations and regulatory inquiries and proceedings that could negatively affect us. As described in Note D (Litigation) to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we are, and may become, involved in various legal and regulatory proceedings, and investigations relating to our business, including with respect to antitrust and competition, breach of contract, class action, commercial, corporate governance, cybersecurity, employment, intellectual property, privacy, securities, and whistleblower matters. Matters such as these may impact our business in different ways. Intellectual property infringement claims, for example, may seek injunctive relief or other court orders that could prevent us from offering our products. As a result, we might be required to seek a license for the use of such intellectual property, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms or at all, or we may be required to develop non-infringing technology, which could require significant effort and expense and may ultimately not be successful. Because we generally indemnify our customers and partners from intellectual property infringement claims in connection with the use of our products, we may be called on to defend these customers and partners in litigation. From time to time, we also receive inquiries from and have discussions with government entities regarding our compliance with laws and regulations. Such litigation, investigations, regulatory inquiries, and proceedings can be unpredictable and time-consuming, divert management’s attention and resources, and cause us to incur significant expenses. Allegations made in connection with these matters may harm our reputation, regardless of their merit and could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations if decided adversely to or settled by us. 52 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property rights. We depend on our ability to protect our proprietary technology. We rely on trade secret, patent, copyright and trademark laws and confidentiality agreements with employees and third parties, all of which offer only limited protection. As such, despite our efforts, the steps we have taken to protect our proprietary rights may not be adequate to prevent misappropriation of our proprietary information or infringement of our intellectual property rights, and our ability to police such misappropriation or infringement is uncertain, particularly in countries outside of the U.S. In addition, we rely on confidentiality and license agreements with third parties in connection with their use of our products and technology. There is no guarantee that such parties will abide by the terms of such agreements or that we will be able to adequately enforce our rights, in part because we rely on “click-wrap” and “shrink-wrap” licenses in some instances. Detecting and protecting against the unauthorized use of our products, technology proprietary rights and intellectual property rights is expensive, difficult, uncertain and, in some cases, impossible. Litigation is necessary from time to time to enforce or defend our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Despite our efforts, we may not be able to prevent third parties from infringing upon or misappropriating our intellectual property, which could result in a substantial loss of our market share. Actual or perceived non-compliance with privacy and data protection laws, regulations and standards could adversely impact our business. Our business is subject to laws and regulations by various federal, state and international legislative and governmental agencies responsible for legislating, monitoring and enforcing privacy and data protection laws (“Data Privacy Laws”). The regulatory framework regarding the collection, protection, use, transfer and disclosure of personal information is rapidly evolving, and Data Privacy Laws are subject to new and changing interpretations and amendments, creating uncertainty and additional legal obligations for ourselves, our partners, vendors and customers. We expect that there will continue to be newly proposed or changes to interpretations of existing Data Privacy Laws and industry standards, including self-regulatory standards advocated by industry groups, in various jurisdictions globally, and we may not be able to appropriately anticipate or timely respond to the impacts such and similar developments may have on our business or the businesses of our partners, vendors and customers. We continue to regularly enhance our policies and controls across our business relating to how we and our business partners collect, protect and use customer and employee personal information. Ongoing changes to the regulatory landscape will likely increase the cost and complexity of our business relationships, internal operations and the delivery of our products and services. In addition, this may affect our ability to run promotions and effectively market our offerings and could subsequently impact the demand for our products and services. Any actual or perceived failure by us or our business partners to comply with Data Privacy Laws, the privacy commitments contained in our contracts, or the privacy notices we have posted on our website could subject us to investigations, sanctions, enforcement actions, negative financial consequences, civil and criminal liability or injunctions. For example, failure to comply with the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation requirements may lead to fines of up to €20 million or 4% of the annual global revenues of the infringer, whichever is greater. Additionally, as a technology provider, our customers expect us to demonstrate compliance with current Data Privacy Laws and further make contractual commitments and implement processes to enable the customer to comply with their own obligations under Data Protection Laws, and our actual or perceived inability to do so may adversely impact sales of our products and services, particularly to customers in highly regulated industries. As a result, our reputation and brand may be harmed, we could incur significant costs, and our financial and operating results could be materially adversely affected. Our use of “open source” software in our products could negatively affect our ability to sell our products and subject us to litigation. Many of our products and services incorporate so-called “open source” software, and we may incorporate open source software into other products and services in the future. Open source software is generally licensed by its authors or other third parties under open source licenses. Open source licensors generally do not provide warranties or assurance of title or controls on origin of the software, which exposes us to potential liability if the software fails to work or infringes the intellectual property of a third party. We monitor our use of open source software in an effort to avoid subjecting our products to conditions we do not intend and avoid exposing us to unacceptable financial risk. However, the processes we follow to monitor our use of open source software could fail to achieve their intended result. In addition, although we believe that we have complied with our obligations under the various applicable licenses for open source software that we use, there is little or no legal precedent governing the interpretation of terms in most of these licenses, which increases the risk that a court could interpret the licenses differently than we do. 53 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents From time to time, we receive inquiries or claims from authors or distributors of open source software included in our products regarding our compliance with the conditions of one or more open source licenses. An adverse outcome to a claim could require us to: •pay significant damages; •stop distributing our products that contain the open source software; •revise or modify our product code to remove alleged infringing code; •release the source code of our proprietary software; or •take other steps to avoid or remedy an alleged infringement. We have faced and successfully defended against allegations of copyright infringement and failing to comply with the terms of the open source General Public License v.2, but we can provide no assurances that we will not face similar lawsuits with respect to our use of open source software in the future, nor what the outcome of any such lawsuits may be. If we fail to comply with government contracting regulations, our business could be adversely affected. Our contracts with federal, state, local and non-U.S. governmental customers and our arrangements with distributors and resellers who may sell directly to governmental customers are subject to various procurement regulations, contract provisions and other requirements relating to their formation, administration and performance. Any failure by us to comply with government contracting regulations (including cybersecurity-related requirements) could result in the imposition of various civil and criminal penalties, which may include termination of contracts, forfeiture of profits, suspension of payments, fines and suspension from future government contracting, any of which could adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition. Further, any negative publicity related to our government contracts or any proceedings surrounding them, regardless of accuracy, may damage our business and affect our ability to compete for new contracts. Risks Related to Our Relationship with Dell The proposed Spin-Off and associated special dividend are subject to various conditions and may not occur. On April 14, 2021, we and Dell entered into a separation and distribution agreement, pursuant to which, subject to the satisfaction of all conditions to the consummation of the transactions contemplated thereby, Dell will distribute the shares of Class A Stock and Class B Stock owned by its wholly owned subsidiaries, to the holders of shares of Dell as of a record date determined pursuant to the separation and distribution agreement on a pro rata basis (the “Spin-Off”). Immediately following, and automatically as a result of the Spin-Off, and prior to receipt thereof by Dell’s stockholders, each share of Class B Stock will automatically convert into one fully paid and non-assessable share of Class A Stock. Subject to the satisfaction of the conditions to payment described in the separation and distribution agreement, we will also pay a cash dividend, pro rata, to each of the holders of Common Stock (including Dell) immediately prior to the Spin-Off in an aggregate amount equal to an amount to be mutually agreed by VMware and Dell between $11.5 billion and $12.0 billion (the “Special Dividend” and, together with the Spin-Off and related transactions, the “Transactions”). The obligation of each of Dell and VMware to complete the Transactions is subject to a number of conditions, including, among other things: receipt of opinions from independent firms regarding surplus and solvency matters, receipt of certain opinions by Dell concerning the federal income tax treatment of the Transactions, receipt by Dell of a private letter ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) concerning the federal tax treatment of the Transactions, absence of legal restraints that prohibit, enjoin or make illegal the consummation of the Transactions, absence of pending litigation that would reasonably be expected to prohibit, impair or materially delay the ability of VMware or Dell to consummate the Transactions on the terms contemplated by the separation and distribution agreement or that seeks material damages or another material remedy in connection with the separation and distribution agreement or the Transactions, satisfaction of the Additional Dividend Payment Conditions (as defined below), NYSE listing approval, and accuracy of representations and warranties and compliance with covenants, subject to certain materiality standards. In addition to each of the conditions stated above, the payment of the Special Dividend is further conditioned upon (i) the absence of a VMware Material Adverse Effect (as defined in the separation and distribution agreement) prior to declaration of the Special Dividend, (ii) the Company having an investment grade rating (as further described in the separation and distribution agreement), (iii) the Company’s receipt of an opinion from a nationally recognized and independent firm that as of the date of payment, (x) the Company (on a consolidated basis) has sufficient surplus under Delaware law for the payment of the Special Dividend and (y) following the payment of the Special Dividend, the Company (on a consolidated basis) will be solvent under Delaware law and (iv) such other conditions as are further described in the separation and distribution agreement (together, the “Additional Dividend Payment Conditions”). If any of the conditions to the consummation of the Transactions are not met, such condition(s) may be waived, to the extent permitted by law, by the party or parties in whose favor the condition(s) 54 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents exist (and, in the event of a waiver by VMware, the VMware special committee of independent and disinterested directors consents to the waiver), and the Transactions may proceed. We may not be able to complete the proposed Transactions on the terms described above or on other acceptable terms or at all because of a number of factors, including (1) the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the termination of the separation and distribution agreement, (2) the failure to obtain adequate financing sources for the Special Dividend, (3) any other failure of VMware or Dell to meet the conditions described above or otherwise waive such conditions, (4) the failure of VMware to satisfy certain rating agency criteria, (5) the effect of the announcement of the Transactions on the ability of the Company to retain and hire key personnel and maintain relationships with its customers, suppliers, operating results and business generally and (6) the other factors described in this “Risk Factors” section. Our relationship with Dell may adversely impact our business and stock price. As of July 30, 2021, Dell beneficially owned 30,678,605 shares of our Class A common stock and all 307,221,836 shares of our Class B common stock, representing 80.6% of the total outstanding shares of common stock or 97.5% of the voting power of outstanding common stock held by EMC, and we are considered a “controlled” company under the rules of the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”). Accordingly, strategic and business decisions made by Dell can impact our strategic and business decisions and relationships, and public speculation regarding Dell’s strategic direction and prospects, as well as our relationship with Dell, can cause our stock price to fluctuate. For example, in July 2020, Dell announced that it was exploring its strategic alternatives with respect to its ownership interest in us, including a possible spin-off of its ownership interest to Dell stockholders. Prior to the announcement of the Spin-Off, the stock price of our Class A common stock experienced periods of significant volatility related to public speculation regarding the outcome of Dell’s strategic review and the likelihood of its success. If the Spin-Off fails to occur for any reason, we expect that speculation regarding Dell’s future plans with respect to VMware will lead to continued volatility. A number of other factors relating to our relationship with Dell could adversely affect our business or our stock price in the future, including: •Dell is able to control matters requiring our stockholders’ approval, including the election of a majority of our directors as described in the risk factors below. •Dell could implement changes to our business, including changing our commercial relationship with Dell or taking other corporate actions, such as participating in business combinations, that our other stockholders may not view as beneficial. •We have arrangements with a number of companies that compete with Dell, and our relationship with Dell could adversely affect our relationships with these companies or other customers, suppliers and partners. •Since the Dell Acquisition, the portion of our bookings that are realized through Dell sales channels has grown more rapidly than our sales through non-Dell resellers and distributors, and we expect this trend to continue. To the extent that we find ourselves relying more heavily upon Dell for our channel sales, Dell’s leverage over our sales and marketing efforts may increase and our ability to negotiate favorable go-to-market arrangements with Dell and with other channel partners may decline. During the six months ended July 30, 2021, revenue from Dell, including purchases of products and services directly from us, as well as through our channel partners, accounted for 36% of our consolidated revenue, which included revenue from Dell selling joint solutions as an OEM, acting as a distributor to other non-Dell resellers, reselling products and services as a reseller or purchasing products and services for its own internal use. On certain transactions, Dell Financial Services also provided financing to our end users at our end users’ discretion. •Dell has a right to approve certain matters under our certificate of incorporation, including acquisitions or investments in excess of $100 million, and Dell may choose not to consent to matters that our board of directors believes are in the best interests of VMware. If the Spin-Off is consummated, these consent rights will terminate. •Dell is highly leveraged and commits a substantial portion of its cash flows to servicing its indebtedness. Dell’s significant debt could create the perception that Dell may exercise its control over us to limit our growth in favor of its other businesses or cause us to transfer cash to Dell and incur additional indebtedness. In addition, if Dell defaults, or appears in danger of defaulting, on its indebtedness, uncertainty as to the impact of such a default on VMware could disrupt our business. •Investor perceptions of Dell’s performance, future plans and prospects could contribute to volatility in the price of our Class A common stock. •Some of our products compete directly with products sold or distributed by Dell, which could result in reduced sales. 55 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents If the Spin-Off is consummated, we will be subject to a variety of risks. If the Spin-Off is consummated, we will be subject to a variety of risks, including: • We expect to incur significant indebtedness to fund the Special Dividend. Although retaining an investment grade credit rating is a condition of paying the Special Dividend, the VMware special committee may agree to waive this condition, and, in any case, we may be unable to retain an investment grade rating in the future. In addition, we expect to dedicate a significant portion of our operating cash flows during the next few fiscal years to reducing indebtedness, which will limit our uses of cash, such as cash acquisitions and stock repurchases. See “Financial Risks—We have outstanding indebtedness in the form of unsecured notes and may incur other debt in the future, which may adversely affect our financial condition and future financial results.” •We expect that sales via our various route-to-market relationships with Dell will continue to constitute a significant percentage of our revenues for the foreseeable future. Although we and Dell have agreed to enter into a commercial agreement that is intended to preserve and enhance our strategic partnership with Dell, our relationship with Dell as a standalone company will be fundamentally different than our current relationship as a majority-owned subsidiary. Following the Spin-Off, Dell will no longer consolidate VMware’s revenues, and Dell may not have the same incentives to drive VMware business. If sales through Dell are negatively impacted following the Spin-Off and VMware is unable to shift business to suitable alternative channel partners, our business and operating results would be negatively affected. See “Operation of Business and Strategic Risks—Disruptions to our distribution channels, including our various routes to market through Dell, could harm our business.” •As a result of the Spin-Off, entities affiliated with Michael Dell (the “MSD Stockholders”) and entities affiliated with Silver Lake Partners (the “SLP Stockholders”), of which Egon Durban, a VMware director, is a managing partner, will own direct interests in VMware representing 40.5% and 10.1%, respectively, of our outstanding stock, based on the shares outstanding as of August 27, 2021. Through their stock ownership, the MSD Stockholders and the SLP Stockholders will have significant influence over all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors and significant corporate transactions, such as a merger or other sale of our company or our assets, for the foreseeable future. We have also entered into an agreement pursuant to which the MSD Stockholders will have the right to nominate up to two members of our Board and the SLP Stockholders will have the right to nominate one member of our Board, subject to maintaining certain ownership thresholds. This concentrated control will negatively impact other stockholders’ ability to influence corporate matters. The MSD Stockholders and SLP Stockholders collectively beneficially own 62.7% of Dell’s outstanding stock as of August 27, 2021. Accordingly, their interests may not be aligned with other VMware stockholders with respect to actions involving or impacting Dell. Holders of our Class A common stock have limited ability to influence matters requiring stockholder approval. As of July 30, 2021, Dell controlled 80.6% of the total outstanding shares of common stock, including all of our outstanding Class B common stock, representing 97.5% of the voting power of our total outstanding common stock. Through its control of the Class B common stock, which is generally entitled to 10 votes per share, Dell controls the vote to elect all of our directors and to approve or disapprove all other matters submitted to a stockholder vote. Prior to the Spin-Off or, if the Spin-Off fails to close, a subsequent distribution by Dell to its stockholders under Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (a “355 Distribution”), shares of Class B common stock transferred to any party other than a successor-in-interest or a subsidiary of EMC automatically convert into Class A common stock. Dell’s voting control over VMware will continue so long as the shares of Class B common stock it controls continue to represent at least 20% of our outstanding stock. If its ownership falls below 20% of the outstanding shares of our common stock, all outstanding shares of Class B common stock will automatically convert to Class A common stock. If Dell effects a 355 Distribution at a time when it holds shares of Class B common stock, its stockholders will receive Class B common stock. These shares will remain entitled to 10 votes per share, holders of these shares will remain entitled to elect 80% of the total number of directors on our board of directors and the holders of our Class A common stock will continue to have limited ability to influence matters requiring stockholder approval and have limited ability to elect members of our board of directors. Following a 355 Distribution, shares of Class B common stock may convert to Class A common stock if such conversion is approved by VMware stockholders after the 355 Distribution and we have obtained a private letter ruling from the IRS. Dell has the ability to prevent us from taking actions that might be in our best interest. Under our certificate of incorporation and the master transaction agreement we entered into with EMC, we must (subject to certain exceptions) obtain the consent of EMC (which is controlled by Dell) or its successor-in-interest, as the holder of our Class B common stock, prior to taking specified actions, such as acquiring other companies for consideration in excess of $100 million, issuing stock or other VMware securities, except pursuant to employee benefit plans (provided that we obtain Class B common stockholder approval of the aggregate annual number of shares to be granted under such plans), paying dividends, entering into any exclusive or exclusionary arrangement with a third party involving, in whole or in part, products or 56 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents services that are similar to EMC’s or amending certain provisions of our charter documents. In addition, we have agreed that for so long as EMC or its successor-in-interest continues to own greater than 50% of the voting control of our outstanding common stock, we will not knowingly take or fail to take any action that could reasonably be expected to preclude the ability of EMC or its successor-in-interest (including Dell) to undertake a tax-free spin-off. If Dell does not provide any requisite consent allowing us to conduct such activities when requested, we will not be able to conduct such activities. As a result, we may have to forgo capital raising or acquisition opportunities that would otherwise be available to us, and we may be precluded from pursuing certain growth initiatives. By becoming a stockholder in our company, holders of our Class A common stock are deemed to have notice of and have consented to the provisions of our certificate of incorporation and the master transaction agreement with respect to the limitations that are described above. Dell has the ability to prevent a change-in-control transaction and may sell control of VMware without benefiting other stockholders. Dell’s voting control and its additional rights described above give Dell the ability to prevent transactions that would result in a change of control of VMware, including transactions in which holders of our Class A common stock might otherwise receive a premium for their shares over the then-current market price. In addition, Dell is not prohibited from selling a controlling interest in us to a third party and may do so without the approval of the holders of our Class A common stock and without providing for a purchase of any shares of Class A common stock held by persons other than Dell. Accordingly, shares of Class A common stock may be worth less than they would be if Dell did not maintain voting control over us or if Dell did not have the additional rights described above. If Dell’s level of ownership significantly increases, Dell could unilaterally effect a merger of VMware into Dell without a vote of VMware stockholders or the VMware Board of Directors at a price per share that might not reflect a premium to then-current market prices. As of July 30, 2021, Dell controlled 80.6% of VMware’s outstanding common stock, and Dell’s percentage ownership of VMware common stock could increase as a result of repurchases by VMware of its Class A common stock or purchases by Dell. Section 253 of the Delaware General Corporation Law permits a parent company, when it owns 90% or more of each class of a subsidiary’s stock that generally would be entitled to vote on a merger of that subsidiary with the parent, to unilaterally effect a merger of the subsidiary into the parent without a vote of the subsidiary’s board or stockholders. Accordingly, if Dell becomes the holder of at least 90% of VMware’s outstanding stock, neither VMware’s board of directors nor VMware’s stockholders would be entitled to vote on a merger of VMware into Dell (the “short-form merger”). Moreover, a short-form merger is not subject to the stringent “entire fairness” standard and the parent company is not required to negotiate with a special committee of disinterested directors that would serve to approximate arm’s length negotiations designed to ensure that a fair price is paid. Rather, a minority stockholder’s sole remedy in the context of a short-form merger is to exercise appraisal rights under Delaware law. In such a proceeding, petitioning stockholders may be awarded more or less than the merger price or the amount they would have received in a merger negotiated between the parent and a disinterested special committee advised by independent financial and legal advisors. Pursuant to a letter agreement entered into by VMware and Dell on July 1, 2018, until the ten-year anniversary of the agreement, Dell may not purchase or otherwise acquire any shares of common stock of VMware if such acquisition would cause the common stock of VMware to no longer be publicly traded on a U.S. securities exchange or VMware to no longer be required to file reports under Sections 13 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act, in each case, unless such transaction has been approved in advance by a special committee of the VMware Board of Directors comprised solely of independent and disinterested directors or such acquisition of VMware common stock is required in order for VMware to continue to be a member of the affiliated group of corporations filing a consolidated tax return with Dell. We engage in related persons transactions with Dell that may divert our resources, create opportunity costs and prove to be unsuccessful. We currently engage in a number of related persons transactions with Dell that include joint product development, go-to-market, branding, sales, customer service activities, real estate and various support services, and we expect to engage in additional related persons transactions with Dell to leverage the benefits of our strategic alignment. For example, in December 2019, we acquired Pivotal, a then majority owned subsidiary of Dell and a company in which we held a significant ownership interest. Following the Spin-Off, transactions with Dell will continue to be considered related persons transactions due to the share ownership in both Dell and VMware of the MSD Stockholders and the SLP Stockholders. We believe that these related persons transactions provide us a unique opportunity to leverage the respective technical expertise, product strengths and market presence of Dell and its subsidiaries for the benefit of our customers and stockholders while enabling us to compete more effectively with competitors who are much larger than us. However, these transactions may prove not to be successful and may divert our resources or the attention of our management from other opportunities. Negotiating and implementing these arrangements can be time consuming and cause delays in the introduction of joint product 57 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents and service offerings and disruptions to VMware’s business. We cannot predict whether our stockholders and industry or securities analysts who cover us will react positively to announcements of new related persons transactions with Dell, and such announcements could have a negative impact on our stock price. Our participation in these transactions may also cause certain of our other vendors and ecosystem partners who compete with Dell and its subsidiaries to also view us as their competitors. Our business and Dell’s businesses overlap, and Dell may compete with us, which could reduce our market share. We and Dell are IT infrastructure companies providing products and services that overlap in various areas, including software-based storage, management, hyperconverged infrastructure and cloud computing. Dell competes with us in these areas now and may engage in increased competition with us in the future. In addition, the intellectual property agreement that we have entered into with EMC (which is controlled by Dell) provides EMC the ability to use our source code and intellectual property, which, subject to limitations, it may use to produce certain products that compete with ours. EMC’s rights in this regard extend to its majority-owned subsidiaries, which could include joint ventures where EMC holds a majority position and one or more of our competitors hold minority positions. Dell could assert control over us in a manner that could impede our growth or our ability to enter new markets or otherwise adversely affect our business. Further, Dell could utilize its control over us to cause us to take or refrain from taking certain actions, including entering into relationships with channel, technology and other marketing partners, enforcing our intellectual property rights or pursuing business combinations, other corporate opportunities (which EMC is expressly permitted to pursue under the circumstances set forth in our certificate of incorporation) or product development initiatives that could adversely affect our competitive position, including our competitive position relative to that of Dell in markets where we compete with Dell. In addition, Dell maintains significant partnerships with certain of our competitors, including Microsoft. Dell’s competition in certain markets may affect our ability to build and maintain partnerships. Our existing and potential partner relationships may be negatively affected by our relationship with Dell. We partner with a number of companies that compete with Dell in certain markets in which Dell participates. Dell’s control of EMC’s majority ownership in us may affect our ability to effectively partner with these companies. These companies may favor our competitors because of our relationship with Dell. Dell competes with certain of our significant channel, technology and other marketing partners, including IBM and Hewlett-Packard. Pursuant to our certificate of incorporation and other agreements that we have with EMC, EMC and Dell may have the ability to impact our relationship with those of our partners that compete with EMC or Dell, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and our ability to pursue opportunities that may otherwise be available to us. We could be held liable for the tax liabilities of other members of Dell’s consolidated tax group, and compared to our historical results as a member of the EMC consolidated tax group, our tax liabilities may increase, fluctuate more widely and be less predictable. We have historically been included in EMC’s consolidated group for U.S. federal income tax purposes, as well as in certain consolidated, combined or unitary groups that include EMC or certain of its subsidiaries for state and local income tax purposes, and since the Dell Acquisition, we have been included in Dell’s consolidated tax group. Following the Spin-Off, we will no longer be a member of Dell’s consolidated tax group. Effective as of the close of the Dell Acquisition, we amended our tax sharing agreement with EMC to include Dell. Although our tax sharing agreement provides that our tax liability is calculated primarily as though VMware were a separate taxpayer, certain tax attributes and transactions are assessed using consolidated tax return rules as applied to the Dell consolidated tax group and are subject to other specialized terms under the tax sharing agreement. Concurrent with the signing of the separation and distribution agreement, we and Dell terminated the existing tax sharing agreement and entered into a new tax matters agreement. Pursuant to our agreement, we and Dell generally will make payments to each other such that, with respect to tax returns for any taxable period in which we or any of our subsidiaries are included in Dell’s consolidated group for U.S. federal income tax purposes or any other consolidated, combined or unitary group of Dell or its subsidiaries, the amount of taxes to be paid by us will be determined, subject to certain consolidated return adjustments, as if we and each of our subsidiaries included in such consolidated, combined or unitary group filed our own consolidated, combined or unitary tax return. Consequently, compared to our historical results as a member of the EMC consolidated tax group, the amount of our tax sharing payment compared to our separate return basis liability may increase, vary more widely from period to period and be less predictable. Additionally, the impact of the 2017 Tax Act upon consolidated groups is highly complex and uncertain and its impact must be further interpreted in the context of the tax sharing agreement to determine VMware’s tax sharing payment. In April 2019, VMware, Dell and EMC entered into a letter agreement that governs our portion of the one-time transition tax imposed by the 2017 Tax Act on accumulated earnings of foreign subsidiaries. When we become subject to federal income tax audits as a member of Dell’s consolidated group, the tax sharing agreement provides that Dell has authority to control the audit and represent Dell and our interests to the IRS. Accordingly, if we and Dell or its successor-in-interest differ on appropriate responses and positions to take with respect to tax questions that may arise in 58 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents the course of an audit, our ability to affect the outcome of such audits may be impaired. In addition, if Dell effects a 355 Distribution or other transaction that is subsequently determined to be taxable, we could be liable for all or a portion of the tax liability, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition. We have been included in the EMC consolidated group for U.S. federal income tax purposes since our acquisition by EMC in 2004 and will continue to be included in Dell’s consolidated group for periods in which Dell or its successor-in-interest beneficially owns at least 80% of the total voting power and value of our outstanding stock. Each member of a consolidated group during any part of a consolidated return year is jointly and severally liable for tax on the consolidated return of such year and for any subsequently determined deficiency thereon. Similarly, in some jurisdictions, each member of a consolidated, combined or unitary group for state, local or foreign income tax purposes is jointly and severally liable for the state, local or foreign income tax liability of each other member of the consolidated, combined or unitary group. Accordingly, for any period in which we are included in the Dell consolidated group for U.S. federal income tax purposes or any other consolidated, combined or unitary group of Dell and its subsidiaries, we could be liable in the event that any income tax liability was incurred, but not discharged, by any other member of any such group. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we completed the acquisition of Pivotal. Pivotal will continue to file its separate tax return for U.S. federal income tax purposes as it left the Dell consolidated tax group at the time of Pivotal’s initial public offering (“IPO”) in April 2018. Pivotal continues to be included on Dell’s unitary state tax returns. Pursuant to a tax sharing agreement, Pivotal may receive or owe payments from or to Dell for tax benefits or expenses that Dell realized due to Pivotal’s inclusion on such returns. In December 2019, VMware amended the tax sharing agreement with Dell in connection with, and effective as of, the Pivotal acquisition. The tax sharing agreement with Dell, as amended and subject to certain exceptions, generally limits VMware’s maximum annual tax liability to Dell to the amount VMware would owe on a separate tax return basis. Also, under the tax sharing agreement, if it is subsequently determined that the tracking stock issued in connection with the Dell Acquisition and which Dell subsequently eliminated through a share exchange constitutes a taxable distribution, we could be liable for all or a portion of the tax liability, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition. We have limited ability to resolve favorably any disputes that arise between us and Dell. Disputes may arise between Dell and us in a number of areas relating to our ongoing relationships, including our reseller, technology and other business agreements with Dell, areas of competitive overlap, strategic initiatives, requests for consent to activities specified in our certificate of incorporation and the terms of our intercompany agreements. We may not be able to resolve any potential conflicts with Dell, and even if we do, the resolution may be less favorable than if we were dealing with an unaffiliated party. While we are controlled by Dell, we may not have the leverage to negotiate renewals or amendments to these agreements, if required, on terms as favorable to us as those we would negotiate with an unaffiliated third party, if at all. Some of our directors have potential conflicts of interest with Dell. The Chairman of our Board of Directors, Michael Dell, is also Chairman and CEO of Dell and is a significant stockholder of Dell, and one of our directors, Egon Durbin, is member of the Dell board of directors and managing partner of Silver Lake Partners, which is a significant stockholder of Dell. Another of our directors also holds shares of Dell common stock. Dell, through its controlling voting interest in our outstanding common stock, is entitled to elect 8 of our 10 directors and possesses sufficient voting control to elect the remaining directors. Ownership of Dell common stock by our directors and the presence of executive officers or directors of Dell on our board of directors could create, or appear to create, conflicts of interest with respect to matters involving both us and Dell that could have different implications for Dell than they do for us. Our Board has approved resolutions that address corporate opportunities that are presented to our directors that are also directors or officers of Dell. These provisions may not adequately address potential conflicts of interest or ensure that potential conflicts of interest will be resolved in our favor. As a result, we may not be able to take advantage of corporate opportunities presented to individuals who are directors of both us and Dell and we may be precluded from pursuing certain growth initiatives. We are a “controlled company” within the meaning of the New York Stock Exchange rules and, as a result, are relying on exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements that provide protection to stockholders of companies that are not “controlled companies.” Dell owns more than 50% of the total voting power of our common stock and, as a result, we are a “controlled company” under the NYSE corporate governance standards. As a controlled company, we are exempt under the NYSE standards from the obligation to comply with certain NYSE corporate governance requirements, including the requirements: •that a majority of our board of directors consists of independent directors; 59 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents •that we have a corporate governance and nominating committee that is composed entirely of independent directors with a written charter addressing the committee’s purpose and responsibilities; •that we have a compensation committee that is composed entirely of independent directors with a written charter addressing the committee’s purpose and responsibilities; and •for an annual performance evaluation of the nominating and governance committee and compensation committee. While we have voluntarily caused our Compensation and Corporate Governance Committee to currently be composed entirely of independent directors, reflecting the requirements of the NYSE, we are not required to maintain the independent composition of the committee. As a result of our use of the “controlled company” exemptions, holders of our Class A common stock will not have the same protection afforded to stockholders of companies that are subject to all of the NYSE corporate governance requirements. Following the Spin-Off, we will no longer be a “controlled company” under the NYSE corporate governance standards. Dell’s ability to control our board of directors may make it difficult for us to recruit independent directors. So long as Dell beneficially owns shares of our common stock representing at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the holders of outstanding voting stock, Dell can effectively control and direct our board of directors. Further, the interests of Dell and our other stockholders may diverge. Under these circumstances, it may become difficult for us to recruit independent directors. Our historical financial information as a majority-owned subsidiary may not be representative of the results of a completely independent public company. The financial information covering the periods included in this report does not necessarily reflect what our financial condition, operating results or cash flows would have been had we been a completely independent entity during those periods. In certain geographic regions where we do not have an established legal entity, we contract with Dell subsidiaries for support services and Dell personnel who are managed by us. The costs incurred by Dell on our behalf related to these employees are passed on to us and we are charged a mark-up intended to approximate costs that would have been charged had we contracted for such services with an unrelated third party. These costs are included as expenses on our condensed consolidated statements of income. Additionally, we engage with Dell in related party transactions, including agreements regarding the use of Dell’s and our intellectual property and real estate, agreements regarding the sale of goods and services to one another, and agreements for Dell to resell and distribute our products and services to third party customers. If Dell were to distribute its shares of our common stock to its stockholders or otherwise divest itself of all or a significant portion of its VMware shares, there would be numerous implications to us, including the fact that we could lose the benefit of these arrangements with Dell. There can be no assurance that we would be able to renegotiate these arrangements with Dell or replace them on the same or similar terms. Additionally, our business could face significant disruption and uncertainty as we transition from these arrangements with Dell. Moreover, our historical financial information is not necessarily indicative of what our financial condition, operating results or cash flows would be in the future if and when we contract at arm’s length with independent third parties for the services we have received and currently receive from Dell. During the six months ended July 30, 2021, we recognized revenue of $2.2 billion and as of July 30, 2021, $5.1 billion of sales were included in unearned revenue from such transactions with Dell. For additional information, refer to “Our Relationship with Dell” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part I, Item 2 and Note C to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Risks Related to Owning Our Class A Common Stock The price of our Class A common stock has fluctuated significantly in recent years and may fluctuate significantly in the future. The trading price of our Class A common stock has fluctuated significantly in the past and could fluctuate substantially in the future due to the factors discussed in this Risk Factors section and elsewhere in this report. Dell, which beneficially owned 80.6% of our outstanding stock as of July 30, 2021, is not restricted from selling its shares and is entitled to certain registration rights. If a significant number of shares enters the public trading markets in a short period of time, the market price of our Class A common stock may decline. In addition, if our Class B common stock is distributed to Dell stockholders and remains outstanding, it would trade separately from and potentially at a premium to our Class A common stock, and could thereby contribute additional volatility to the price of our Class A common stock. Broad market and industry factors may also decrease the market price of our Class A common stock, regardless of our actual operating performance. The stock market in general and technology companies in particular have often experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. Our public float is also relatively small due to Dell’s holdings, which can result in greater volatility in our stock compared to that of other companies with a market capitalization similar to ours. In addition, in 60 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted, including against us, and, if not resolved swiftly, can result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources. Anti-takeover provisions in Delaware law and our charter documents could discourage takeover attempts. As our controlling stockholder, Dell has the ability to prevent a change in control of VMware. Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in our management. These provisions include the following: •the division of our board of directors into three classes, with each class serving for a staggered three-year term, which prevents stockholders from electing an entirely new board of directors at any annual meeting; •the right of the board of directors to elect a director to fill a vacancy created by the expansion of the board of directors; •following a 355 Distribution of Class B common stock by Dell to its stockholders, the restriction that a beneficial owner of 10% or more of our Class B common stock may not vote in any election of directors unless such person or group also owns at least an equivalent percentage of Class A common stock or obtains approval of our board of directors prior to acquiring beneficial ownership of at least 5% of Class B common stock; •the prohibition of cumulative voting in the election of directors or any other matters, which would otherwise allow less than a majority of stockholders to elect director candidates; •the requirement for advance notice for nominations for election to the board of directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon at a stockholders’ meeting; •the ability of the board of directors to issue, without stockholder approval, up to 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock with terms set by the board of directors, which rights could be senior to those of common stock; and •in the event that Dell or its successor-in-interest no longer owns shares of our common stock representing at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast in the election of directors, stockholders may not act by written consent and may not call special meetings of the stockholders. In addition, we have elected to apply the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law. These provisions may prohibit large stockholders, in particular those owning 15% or more of our outstanding voting stock, from merging or combining with us. These provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and under Delaware law could discourage potential takeover attempts and could reduce the price that investors might be willing to pay for shares of our common stock. General Risks We are exposed to foreign exchange risks. We conduct a meaningful portion of our business in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, but report our operating results in U.S. dollars. Accordingly, our operating results are subject to fluctuations in currency exchange rates. The realized gain or loss on foreign currency transactions is dependent upon the types of foreign currency transactions into which we enter, the exchange rates associated with these transactions and changes in those rates, the net realized gain or loss on our foreign currency forward contracts, among other factors. Although we hedge a portion of our foreign currency exposure, significant fluctuations in exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies have adversely affected, and may adversely affect in the future, our operating results. For example, the economic uncertainty introduced by Brexit resulted in significant volatility in the value of the British pound and other currencies, and the COVID-19 pandemic may make it more difficult for us to accurately forecast future transactions in foreign currencies and cause us to have to modify hedging positions, thereby adversely impacting the efficacy of our foreign currency hedging strategy and our operating results. Any future weakening of foreign currency exchange rates against the U.S. dollar would likely result in additional adverse impacts on our revenue. If our goodwill or amortizable intangible assets become impaired, we may be required to record a significant charge to earnings. We may not realize all the economic benefit from our business acquisitions, which could result in an impairment of goodwill or intangibles. As of July 30, 2021, goodwill and amortizable intangible assets were $9.6 billion and $856 million, respectively. We review our goodwill and amortizable intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. We test goodwill for impairment at least annually. Factors that may lead to impairment include a substantial decline in stock price and market capitalization or cash flows, reduced future cash flow estimates related to the assets and slower growth rates in our industry. We may be required to record a significant charge in our financial statements during the period in which any impairment of our goodwill or amortizable intangible assets is determined, which would negatively impact our operating results. 61 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents If securities or industry analysts change their recommendations regarding our stock adversely, our stock price and trading volume could decline. The trading market for our Class A common stock is influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts publish about us, our business, our market or our competitors. If any of the analysts who cover us change their recommendation regarding our stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about our competitors, our stock price would likely decline. Changes in accounting principles and guidance could result in unfavorable accounting charges or effects. We prepare our condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. These principles are subject to interpretation by the Securities and Exchange Commission and various bodies formed to create and interpret appropriate accounting principles and guidance. A change in these principles or guidance, or in their interpretations, may have a material effect on our reported results, as well as our processes and related controls, and may retroactively affect previously reported results. Natural disasters, catastrophic events or geo-political conditions could disrupt our business. A significant natural disaster, such as an earthquake, fire, flood or other act of God, catastrophic event or pandemic, abrupt political change, terrorist activity and armed conflict, and any similar disruption, as well as any derivative disruption, such as those to services provided through localized physical infrastructure, including utility or telecommunication outages, or any to the continuity of our, our partners’ and our customers’ workforce, could have a material adverse impact on our business and operating results. Our worldwide operations are dependent on our network infrastructure, internal technology systems and website, as well as our intellectual property and personnel, significant portions of which, including our corporate headquarters, are located in California, a region known for seismic activity, fires and floods. Disruption to these dependencies may negatively impact our ability to respond to customer requests, process orders, provide services and maintain local and global business continuity. Delays or cancellations of customer orders or the deployment or availability of our products and services, for example, could materially impact our revenue. Furthermore, some of our newer product initiatives, offerings and business functions are hosted or carried out by third parties that may be vulnerable to these same types of disruptions, the response to or resolution of which may be beyond our control. Additionally, any such disruption could cause us to incur significant costs to repair damages to our facilities, equipment, infrastructure and business relationships. Climate change may have a long-term negative impact on our business. Risks related to rapid climate change may have an increasingly adverse impact on our business and those of our customers, partners and vendors in the longer term. While we seek to mitigate the business risks associated with climate change for our operations, there are inherent climate-related risks wherever business is conducted. Access to clean water and reliable energy in the communities where we conduct our business, whether for our offices, data centers, vendors, customers or other stakeholders, is a priority. Any of our primary locations may be vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change and the impacts of extreme weather events, which have caused regional short-term systemic failures in the U.S. and elsewhere. For example, our California headquarters are projected to be vulnerable to future water scarcity due to climate change. While this danger has a low-assessed risk of disrupting normal business operations, it has the potential to impact employees’ abilities to commute to work or to work from home and stay connected effectively. Climate-related events, including the increasing frequency of extreme weather events, their impact on critical infrastructure in the U.S. and internationally and their potential to increase political instability in regions where we, our customers, partners and our vendors do business, have the potential to disrupt our business, our third-party suppliers, or the business of our customers and partners, and may cause us to experience higher attrition, losses and additional costs to maintain or resume operations. ITEM 2.UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS (a) Sales of Unregistered Securities None. (b) Use of Proceeds from Public Offering of Common Stock None. (c) Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchaser From time to time, we repurchase stock pursuant to authorized stock repurchase programs in open market transactions as permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements. We are not obligated to purchase any shares under our stock repurchase programs. The timing of any repurchases and the actual number of shares repurchased depends on a variety of factors, including our stock price, cash requirements for operations and business combinations, corporate and regulatory requirements and other market and economic conditions. Purchases may be discontinued at any time we believe additional 62 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents purchases are not warranted. From time to time, we also purchase stock in private transactions, such as with Dell. All shares repurchased under our stock repurchase programs are retired. Purchases of Class A common stock during the three months ended July 30, 2021 were as follows: Approximate Dollar Total Number of Shares Value of Shares That May Purchased as Yet Be Average Price Part of Publicly Purchased Under the Total Number of Paid Per Announced Plans or Publicly Announced Plans Shares Purchased Share(1) Programs or Programs(2) May 1 - May 28, 2021 810,000 $ 161.70 810,000 $ 553,243,616 May 29 - June 25, 2021 855,000 159.93 855,000 416,502,553 June 26 - July 30, 2021 578,000 156.62 578,000 325,979,012 2,243,000 $ 159.71 2,243,000 325,979,012 (1)The average price paid per share excludes commissions. (2) Represents the cumulative amount remaining for stock repurchases under the July 2020 authorization, which expires at the end of fiscal 2022. Amounts remaining exclude commissions. Refer to Note L to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information. ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION Term Loan Facility On September 2, 2021, VMware entered into a term loan credit agreement (the “Term Loan”) with the lenders named therein and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent. The Term Loan provides for term loans in an aggregate principal amount of up to $4 billion, including three-year term loans in an aggregate amount of up to $2 billion (the “Three-Year Term Loans”) and five-year term loans in an aggregate amount of up to $2 billion (the “Five-Year Term Loans”). The Three-Year Term Loans and the Five-Year Term Loans may be borrowed in U.S. dollars and will be used to finance a portion of the Special Dividend, to pay other amounts in connection with the planned Spin-Off (including fees and expenses) and for general corporate purposes. Loan commitments under the Term Loan will be available for a period ending on the earlier of (x) April 28, 2022 and (y) the date on which the Separation Agreement entered into with Dell in connection with the Spin-Off is terminated, and will be made on a single funding date (the “Term Loan Funding Date”), subject to certain conditions. Once borrowed, the Three-Year Term Loans will be due and payable in full three years after the Term Loan Funding Date and the Five-Year Term Loans will be due and payable in full five years after the Term Loan Funding Date. In addition, in connection with the Five-Year Term Loans, quarterly amortization payments will be due commencing on the last day of the Company’s fifth full fiscal quarter commencing after the Term Loan Funding Date in amounts that are equal to 1.25% of the aggregate principal amount of the Five-Year Term Loans made on the Term Loan Funding Date. Borrowings made in U.S. dollars under the Term Loan will bear interest at rates per annum determined, at the Company’s option, by reference either to an alternate base rate (“ABR”) or to LIBOR. ABR borrowings will bear interest at the highest of (i) the prime rate, (ii) the NYFRB rate plus one-half of 1%, and (iii) one-month LIBOR plus 1%. LIBOR borrowings will bear interest at (a) LIBOR for the relevant interest period plus (b) in the case of the Three-Year Term Loans, a margin of between 62.5 and 87.5 basis points, and in the case of the Five-Year Term Loans, a margin of between 75 and 100 basis points, in each case depending on the rating of the Company’s long-term senior unsecured debt. The Company is required to pay certain commitment fees to the lenders under the Term Loan. In addition, if the Term Loan Funding Date does not occur within 90 days after the date of the Term Loan, the Company will be required to pay certain additional fees with respect to undrawn commitments. The Term Loan contains various customary covenants that limit, among other things, the incurrence of indebtedness by subsidiaries of the Company, the grant or incurrence of liens by the Company and its subsidiaries, and the entry into certain fundamental change transactions by the Company and certain of the Company’s subsidiaries that are borrowing or significant subsidiaries. The Term Loan contains a covenant pursuant to which the Company will not, from and after the Term Loan Funding Date, permit the ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated net interest expense for any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters to be less than 3.0 to 1.0. The Term Loan includes customary events of default, and, if an event of default occurs, lenders holding a majority of the term loans outstanding under such agreement will have the right to accelerate the maturity of outstanding term loans. The foregoing description does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Term Loan, which is attached hereto as Exhibit 10.3 and incorporated herein by reference. 63 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents In the ordinary course of their respective financial services businesses, the lenders party to the Term Loan, or their respective affiliates, have provided, and may in the future provide, to the Company, and persons and entities with relationships with the Company, a variety of services, including cash management, investment research and management, commercial banking, hedging, brokerage, and advisory or other financial and non-financial activities and services, for which they received or will receive customary fees and expenses. Disclosure pursuant to Section 13(r) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 VMware’s affiliate, Dell Technologies Inc. and its subsidiaries, included the following disclosure in their quarterly report for the period ended July 30, 2021: “Set forth below is a description of matters reported by us pursuant to Section 219 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 and Section 13(r) of the Exchange Act. Concurrently with the filing of this quarterly report, we are filing a notice pursuant to Section 13(r) of the Exchange Act that such matters have been disclosed in this quarterly report. On March 2, 2021, the U.S. government designated the Russian Federal Security Service (the “FSB”) as a blocked party under Executive Order 13382. On the same day, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control issued General License No. 1B (the “OFAC General License”), which generally authorizes U.S. companies to engage in certain licensing, permitting, certification, notification and related transactions with the FSB to the extent such activities are required for the importation, distribution or use of information technology products in the Russian Federation. As permitted under the OFAC General License, our subsidiary Dell LLC and other subsidiaries periodically file notifications with the FSB in connection with the importation and distribution of our products in the Russian Federation. During our fiscal quarter ended July 30, 2021, Dell LLC filed notifications with the FSB. No payments were issued or received, and no gross revenue or net profits were generated, in connection with these filing activities. Dell Technologies and its subsidiaries do not sell products or provide services to the FSB. To the extent permitted by applicable law, including by the OFAC General License, we expect to continue to file notifications with the FSB to qualify our products for importation and distribution in the Russian Federation.” 64 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents ITEM 6.EXHIBITS The Company hereby files, furnishes or incorporates by reference the exhibits listed below: Incorporated by Reference Exhibit Exhibit Description Form File No. Exhibit Filing Date Number 3.1 Amended and Restated Certificate of 10-Q 001-33622 3.1 6/9/17 Incorporation 3.2 Amended and Restated Bylaws 8-K 001-33622 3.1 2/23/17 10.1+ Letter Agreement between VMware, Inc. and 8-K 001-33622 10.1 5/12/21 Rangarajan (Raghu) Raghuram dated May 11, 2021 10.2+ Letter Agreement between VMware, Inc. and Sumit 8-K 001-33622 10.2 5/12/21 Dhawan dated May 11, 2021 10.3* Term Loan Credit Agreement, dated as of September 2, 2021, among VMware, Inc., the lenders party thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, BofA Securities, Inc., Barclays Bank PLC and Citibank, N.A., as Joint Lead Arrangers and Joint Bookrunners, Bank of America, N.A., as Syndication Agent and Barclays Bank PLC and Citibank, N.A., as Co-Documentation Agents 10.6*+ Amended and Restated 2007 Equity and Incentive Plan, as amended July 23, 2021 10.11*+ Amended and Restated 2007 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended July 23, 2021 31.1* Certification of Principal Executive Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 31.2* Certification of Principal Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 32.1? Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 32.2? Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 101.INS* Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document. 101.SCH* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema 101.CAL* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase 101.DEF* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase 101.LAB* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase 101.PRE* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase 104 Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document (included in Exhibit 101) + Indicates management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement * Filed herewith ? Furnished herewith 65 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents SIGNATURE Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. VMWARE, INC. Dated: September 3, 2021 By: /s/ J. Andrew Munk J. Andrew Munk Chief Accounting Officer (Principal Accounting Officer) 66 EX-10.3 2 vmw-7302021x10qex103.htm TERM LOAN CREDIT AGREEMENT, DATED AS OF SEPTEMBER 2, 2021 Exhibit 10.3 TERM LOAN CREDIT AGREEMENT dated as of September 2, 2021 among VMWARE, INC. The Lenders Party Hereto and JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., as Administrative Agent ___________________________ J.P. MORGAN SECURITIES LLC, BOFA SECURITIES, INC., BARCLAYS BANK PLC and CITIBANK, N.A., as Joint Lead Arrangers and Joint Bookrunners ___________________________ BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. as Syndication Agent BARCLAYS BANK PLC and CITIBANK, N.A., as Co-Documentation Agents -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENT Page ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS 1 SECTION 1.1 Defined Terms 1 SECTION 1.2 Classification of Loans and Borrowings 28 SECTION 1.3 Terms Generally 29 SECTION 1.4 Accounting Terms; GAAP 29 SECTION 1.5 [Intentionally Omitted] 29 SECTION 1.6 [Intentionally Omitted] 29 SECTION 1.7 [Intentionally Omitted] 29 SECTION 1.8 Financial Covenant Calculations 29 SECTION 1.9 Interest Rates 30 SECTION 1.10 Divisions 30 ARTICLE II THE CREDITS 30 SECTION 2.1 Commitments 30 SECTION 2.2 Loans and Borrowings 30 SECTION 2.3 Requests for Borrowings 31 SECTION 2.4 [Intentionally Omitted] 32 SECTION 2.5 [Intentionally Omitted] 32 SECTION 2.6 Funding of Borrowings 32 SECTION 2.7 Interest Elections 32 SECTION 2.8 Termination and Reduction of Commitments 34 SECTION 2.9 Repayment of Loans; Evidence of Debt 34 SECTION 2.10 Prepayment of Loans 35 SECTION 2.11 Fees 36 SECTION 2.12 Interest 37 SECTION 2.13 Alternate Rate of Interest 37 SECTION 2.14 Increased Costs 40 SECTION 2.15 Break Funding Payments 41 SECTION 2.16 Taxes 42 SECTION 2.17 Payments Generally; Pro Rata Treatment; Sharing of Setoffs 46 SECTION 2.18 Mitigation Obligations; Replacement of Lenders 47 SECTION 2.19 Defaulting Lenders 48 ARTICLE III REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES 49 SECTION 3.1 Organization; Powers 49 SECTION 3.2 Authorization; Enforceability 49 SECTION 3.3 Governmental Approvals; No Conflicts 49 SECTION 3.4 Financial Condition; No Material Adverse Change 50 SECTION 3.5 Litigation and Environmental Matters 50 SECTION 3.6 Investment Company Status 50 SECTION 3.7 Federal Reserve Regulations 51 SECTION 3.8 PATRIOT Act, OFAC and FCPA 51 ii -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SECTION 3.9 Compliance with Laws and Agreements 51 SECTION 3.10 Payment of Taxes 52 SECTION 3.11 ERISA 52 ARTICLE IV CONDITIONS 52 SECTION 4.1 Effective Date 52 SECTION 4.2 Conditions to the Funding Date 53 ARTICLE V AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS 54 SECTION 5.1 Financial Statements and Other Information 54 SECTION 5.2 Notices of Material Events 56 SECTION 5.3 Existence; Conduct of Business 56 SECTION 5.4 Payment of Taxes 57 SECTION 5.5 Maintenance of Properties 57 SECTION 5.6 Books and Records; Inspection Rights 57 SECTION 5.7 Compliance with Laws 57 SECTION 5.8 Use of Proceeds 57 ARTICLE VI NEGATIVE COVENANTS 58 SECTION 6.1 Subsidiary Indebtedness 58 SECTION 6.2 Liens 60 SECTION 6.3 Fundamental Changes 61 SECTION 6.4 Financial Covenant 62 ARTICLE VII EVENTS OF DEFAULT 62 SECTION 7.1 Events of Default 62 SECTION 7.2 Limited Conditionality Period 65 ARTICLE VIII THE ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT 65 ARTICLE IX MISCELLANEOUS 70 SECTION 9.1 Notices 70 SECTION 9.2 Waivers; Amendments 72 SECTION 9.3 Expenses; Indemnity; Damage Waiver 73 SECTION 9.4 Successors and Assigns 76 SECTION 9.5 Survival 80 SECTION 9.6 Counterparts; Integration; Effectiveness 81 SECTION 9.7 Severability 82 SECTION 9.8 Right of Setoff 82 SECTION 9.9 Governing Law; Jurisdiction; Consent to Service of Process 82 SECTION 9.10 WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL 83 SECTION 9.11 Headings 83 SECTION 9.12 Confidentiality 83 SECTION 9.13 Authorization to Distribute Certain Materials to 84 Public-Siders; Material Non-Public Information SECTION 9.14 Patriot Act and Beneficial Ownership Regulation 85 SECTION 9.15 Conversion of Currencies 85 iii -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SECTION 9.16 No Fiduciary Duty 86 SECTION 9.17 Acknowledgement and Consent of Bail-In of Affected Financial 86 Institutions SECTION 9.18 Acknowledgement Regarding Any Supported QFCs 87 SCHEDULES: Schedule 2.1 - Commitments Schedule 3.5 - Litigation and Environmental Matters Schedule 6.1 - Existing Subsidiary Indebtedness EXHIBITS: Exhibit A - Form of Assignment and Assumption Exhibit B - Form of Solvency Certificate Exhibit C-1 - Form of US Tax Certificate for Non-US Lenders that are not Partnerships for US Federal Income Tax Purposes Exhibit C-2 - Form of US Tax Certificate for Non-US Lenders that are Partnerships for US Federal Income Tax Purposes Exhibit C-3 - Form of US Tax Certificate for Non-US Participants that are not Partnerships for US Federal Income Tax Purposes Exhibit C-4 - Form of US Tax Certificate for Non-US Participants that are Partnerships for US Federal Income Tax Purposes iv -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CREDIT AGREEMENT dated as of September 2, 2021 (this “Agreement”), among VMWARE, INC., the LENDERS party hereto and JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., as Administrative Agent. The parties hereto agree as follows: ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS SECTION 1.1 Defined Terms. As used in this Agreement, the following terms have the meanings specified below: “ABR”, when used in reference to any Loan or Borrowing, refers to whether such Loan, or the Loans comprising such Borrowing, bears interest at a rate determined by reference to the Alternate Base Rate. “Accretive Acquisition” means any transaction or series of related transactions, consummated on or after the Effective Date, by which the Borrower or any Subsidiary thereof (i) acquires all or substantially all of the assets of any Person or any going business, division thereof or line of business, whether through purchase of assets, merger or otherwise, or (ii) acquires Equity Interests of any Person having at least a majority of combined voting power of the then outstanding Equity Interests of such Person; provided that the Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries for the relevant period prior to the closing of such Accretive Acquisition, after giving effect to such Accretive Acquisition on a pro forma basis, is greater than the Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries for such period without giving effect to such Accretive Acquisition on a pro forma basis, as determined in good faith by the Borrower. “Adjusted LIBO Rate” means, with respect to any Eurocurrency Borrowing denominated in Dollars for any Interest Period (or, solely for purposes of clause (c) of the defined term “Alternate Base Rate”, for purposes of determining the Alternate Base Rate as of any date), an interest rate per annum (rounded upwards, if necessary, to the next 1/100 of 1%) equal to (a) the LIBO Rate for such Interest Period (or such date, as applicable) multiplied by (b) the Statutory Reserve Rate. “Adjustment” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.13. “Administrative Agent” means JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. or (any of its designated branch offices or affiliates) in its capacity as administrative agent for the Lenders or any successor thereto appointed in accordance with Article VIII. “Administrative Questionnaire” means an Administrative Questionnaire in a form supplied by the Administrative Agent. “Affected Financial Institution” means (a) any EEA Financial Institution or (b) any UK Financial Institution. 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- “Affiliate” means, with respect to a specified Person, another Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with the Person specified. “Agent-Related Person” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 9.3(e). “Agent Parties” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 9.1(e). “Agreement” has the meaning assigned to such term in the preamble. “Agreement Currency” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 9.15(b). “Alternate Base Rate” means, for any day, a rate per annum equal to the greatest of (a) the Prime Rate in effect on such day, (b) the NYFRB Rate in effect on such day plus ˝ of 1% and (c) the Adjusted LIBO Rate for a one month Interest Period on such day (or if such day is not a Business Day, the immediately preceding Business Day) plus 1%, provided that for the purpose of this definition, the Adjusted LIBO Rate for any day shall be based on the LIBO Screen Rate (or if the LIBO Screen Rate is not available for such one month Interest Period, the LIBO Interpolated Rate) at approximately 11:00 a.m. London time on such day. Any change in the Alternate Base Rate due to a change in the Prime Rate, the NYFRB Rate or the Adjusted LIBO Rate shall be effective from and including the effective date of such change in the Prime Rate, the NYFRB Rate or the Adjusted LIBO Rate, respectively. If the Alternate Base Rate is being used as an alternate rate of interest pursuant to Section 2.13, then the Alternate Base Rate shall be the greater of clauses (a) and (b) above and shall be determined without reference to clause (c) above. If the Alternate Base Rate as determined pursuant to the foregoing would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to be zero for purposes of this Agreement. “Ancillary Document” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 9.6(b). “Applicable Creditor” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 9.15(b). “Applicable Funding Account” means an account of the Borrower (or any paying agent or similar agent in connection with the Special Dividend) that is specified in a written notice from a Financial Officer of the Borrower delivered to and approved by the Administrative Agent for the funding of the proceeds of Loans hereunder. “Applicable Percentage” means, with respect to any Lender and any Class of Loans or Commitments, the percentage of the Commitments of such Class represented by such Lender’s Commitments of such Class; provided that in the case of Section 2.19 when a Defaulting Lender shall exist, “Applicable Percentage” shall mean the percentage of the total Commitments (disregarding any Defaulting Lender’s Commitment) represented by such Lender’s Commitment. If the Commitments have terminated or expired, the Applicable Percentages shall be determined based upon the Commitments of the relevant Class most recently in effect, giving effect to any assignments and to any Lender’s status as a Defaulting Lender at the time of determination. “Applicable Rate” means, for any day with respect to any ABR Loan or Eurocurrency Loan, the applicable rate per annum set forth below in basis points per annum under the caption “Interest Rate Spread for ABR Loans – 5-Year Facility,” “Interest Rate Spread for LIBOR Loans – 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5-Year Facility,” “Interest Rate Spread for ABR Loans – 3-Year Facility” or “Interest Rate Spread for LIBOR Loans – 3-Year Facility,” as the case may be, based upon the Ratings of S&P, Moody’s and Fitch, respectively, applicable on such date to the Index Debt: LEVEL RATING (S&P, Moody’s, Interest Rate Spread Interest Rate Spread Interest Rate Spread Interest Rate Spread Fitch) for ABR Loans – for LIBOR Loans – for ABR Loans – for LIBOR Loans – 5-Year Facility 5-Year Facility 3-Year Facility 3-Year Facility 1 BBB/Baa2/ 0 75 0 62.5 BBB 2 BBB- 0 87.5 0 75.0 /Baa3/BBB- 3 EX-10.6 3 vmw-7302021x10qex106.htm AMENDED AND RESTATED 2007 EQUITY AND INCENTIVE PLAN Exhibit 10.6 VMWARE, INC. AMENDED AND RESTATED 2007 EQUITY AND INCENTIVE PLAN 1.PURPOSE; TYPES OF AWARDS; CONSTRUCTION. The purpose of the VMware, Inc. Amended and Restated 2007 Equity and Incentive Plan is to attract, motivate and retain employees and independent contractors of the Company and any Subsidiary and Affiliate and non-employee directors of the Company, any Subsidiary or any Affiliate. The Plan is also designed to encourage stock ownership by such persons, thereby aligning their interest with those of the Company’s shareholders. Pursuant to the provisions hereof, there may be granted Options (including “incentive stock options” and “non-qualified stock options”), and Other Stock-Based Awards, including but not limited to Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Stock Appreciation Rights (payable in shares) and Other Cash-Based Awards. 2.DEFINITIONS. For purposes of the Plan, the following terms are defined as set forth below: (a)“Adoption Date” means June 5, 2017, the date approved by the Board as the adoption date of the Plan, including the extension of its term as set forth in Section 7(f) below. (b)“Affiliate” means an affiliate of the Company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 promulgated under Section 12 of the Exchange Act. (c)“Award” means individually or collectively, a grant under the Plan of Options, Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Stock Appreciation Rights or Other Stock-Based Awards or Other Cash-Based Awards. (d)“Award Terms” means any written agreement, contract, notice or other instrument or document evidencing an Award. (e)“Beneficial Owner” has the meaning ascribed to such term in Rule 13d-3 of the Exchange Act. (f)“Board” means the Board of Directors of the Company. (g)“Cause,” unless otherwise defined in the Award Terms for a particular Award or in any employment or other agreement between the Grantee and the Company, any Subsidiary or any Affiliate, means: (i)willful neglect, failure or refusal by the Grantee to perform his or her employment duties (except resulting from the Grantee’s incapacity due to illness) as reasonably directed by his or her employer; (ii)willful misconduct by the Grantee in the performance of his or her employment duties; (iii)the Grantee’s indictment for a felony (other than traffic related offense) or a misdemeanor involving moral turpitude; or (iv)the Grantee’s commission of an act involving personal dishonesty that results in financial, reputational, or other harm to the Company, any Affiliate or any Subsidiary, including, but not limited to, an act constituting misappropriation or embezzlement of property. (h) “Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time. 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 (i)“Committee” means the Compensation and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board or such other Board committee delegated authority by the Board to administer and oversee this Plan. Unless other determined by the Board, the Committee will be comprised solely of directors who (a) are “non-employee directors” under Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act, and (b) otherwise meet the definition of “independent directors” pursuant to the applicable requirements of any national stock exchange upon which the Stock is listed. Any director appointed to the Committee who does not meet the foregoing requirements should recuse himself or herself from all determinations pertaining to Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act. (j)“Company” means VMware, Inc., a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Delaware, or any successor corporation. (k)“Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time to time, and as now or hereafter construed, interpreted and applied by regulations, rulings and cases. (l)“Fair Market Value” means the closing sales price per share of Stock on the principal securities exchange on which the Stock is traded (i) on the date of grant or (ii) on such other date on which the fair market value of Stock is required to be calculated pursuant to the terms of an Award, provided that if there is no such sale on the relevant date, then on the last previous day on which a sale was reported; if the Stock is not listed for trading on a national securities exchange, the fair market value of Stock will be determined in good faith by the Committee. (m)“Grantee” means a person who, as an employee, independent contractor or non-employee director of the Company, a Subsidiary or an Affiliate, has been granted an Award under the Plan. (n) “ISO” means any Option designated as and intended to be and which qualifies as an incentive stock option within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code. (o)“NQSO” means any Option that is designated as a nonqualified stock option or which does not qualify as an ISO. (p)“Option” means a right, granted to a Grantee under Section 6(b)(i), to purchase shares of Stock. An Option may be either an ISO or an NQSO. (q)“Other Cash-Based Award” means a cash-based Award granted to a Grantee under Section 6(b)(iv) hereof, including cash awarded as a bonus or upon the attainment of Performance Goals or otherwise as permitted under the Plan. (r)“Other Stock-Based Award” means an Award granted to a Grantee pursuant to Section 6(b)(iv) hereof, that may be denominated or payable in, valued in whole or in part by reference to, or otherwise based on, or related to, Stock, each of which may be subject to the attainment of Performance Goals or a period of continued employment or other terms and conditions as permitted under the Plan. (s)“Parent” means Dell Technologies Inc., a Delaware corporation. (t)“Performance Goals” means an objective formula or standard determined by the Committee with respect to each performance period which may utilize one or more of the following factors and any objectively verifiable adjustment(s) thereto: (i) (A) earnings including operating income, (B) earnings before or after (1) taxes, (2) interest, (3) depreciation, (4) amortization, or (5) special items or book value per share (which may exclude nonrecurring items), or (C) growth in earnings before interest, tax, depreciation or amortization; (ii) pre-tax income or after-tax income; (iii) earnings per common share (basic or diluted); (iv) operating profit; (v) revenue, revenue growth or rate of revenue growth; (vi) return on assets (gross or net), return on investment, return on capital, return on invested capital or return on equity; (vii) returns on sales or revenues; (viii) operating expenses; (ix) stock price appreciation; (x) cash flow, free cash flow, cash flow from operations, cash flow return on investment (discounted or otherwise), net cash provided by operations, or cash flow in excess of cost of capital; (xi) 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 implementation or completion of critical projects or processes; (xii) economic value created; (xiii) cumulative earnings per share growth; (xiv) operating margin or profit margin; (xv) common stock price or total stockholder return; (xvi) cost targets, reductions, savings, productivity or efficiencies; (xvii) strategic business criteria, consisting of one or more objectives based on meeting specified market penetration, geographic business expansion, customer satisfaction, employee satisfaction, human resources management, supervision of litigation, information technology, goals relating to acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures or similar transactions, research or development collaborations or budget comparisons; (xviii) personal professional objectives, including any of the foregoing performance goals, the implementation of policies and plans, the negotiation of transactions and the development of long term business goals; and (xix) any combination of, subset or component of, or a specified increase in, any of the foregoing. Where applicable, the Performance Goals may be expressed in terms of attaining a specified level of the particular criteria or the attainment of a percentage increase or decrease in the particular criteria, and may be applied to one or more of the Company, a Subsidiary or Affiliate, or a division or strategic business unit of the Company, or may be applied to the performance of the Company relative to a market index, a group of other companies or a combination thereof, all as determined by the Committee. The Performance Goals may include a threshold level of performance below which no payment will be made (or no vesting will occur), levels of performance at which specified payments will be made (or specified vesting will occur), and a maximum level of performance above which no additional payment will be made (or at which full vesting will occur). Objectively verifiable adjustment(s) to Performance Goals can include but are not limited to adjustment(s) to reflect: (1) the impact of specific corporate transactions; (2) accounting or tax law changes; (3) asset write-downs; (4) significant litigation or claim adjustment; (5) foreign exchange gains and losses; (6) disposal of a segment of a business; (7) discontinued operations; (8) refinancing or repurchase of bank loans or debt securities; or (9) unbudgeted capital expenditures. Each of the foregoing Performance Goals will be subject to certification by the Committee. (u) “Plan” means this Amended and Restated VMware, Inc. 2007 Equity and Incentive Plan, as amended from time to time. (v)“Restricted Stock” means an Award of shares of Stock to a Grantee under Section 6(b)(ii) that is subject to certain restrictions and to a risk of forfeiture. (w)“Restricted Stock Unit” means a right granted to a Grantee under Section 6(b)(iii) of the Plan to receive shares of Stock subject to certain restrictions and to a risk of forfeiture. (x)“Rule 16b-3” means Rule 16b-3, as from time to time in effect promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 16 of the Exchange Act, including any successor to such Rule. (y)“Stock” means shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company. (z)“Stock Appreciation Right” means an Award that entitles a Grantee upon exercise to the excess of the Fair Market Value of the Stock underlying the Award over the base price established in respect of such Stock. (aa)“Subsidiary” means any entity in an unbroken chain of entities beginning with the Company if, at the time of granting of an Award, each of the entities (other than the last entity in the unbroken chain) owns stock possessing 50% or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock in one of the other entities in the chain. 3.ADMINISTRATION. (a)The Plan will be administered by the Committee or, at the discretion of the Board, the Board. In the event the Board is the administrator of the Plan, references herein to the Committee will be deemed to include the Board. The Board may from time to time appoint a member or members of the Committee in substitution for or in addition to the member or members then in office and may fill vacancies on the Committee however caused. Subject to applicable law, the Board or the Committee may delegate to a sub-committee or 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 individual the ability to grant Awards to employees who are not subject to potential liability under Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act with respect to transactions involving equity securities of the Company at the time any such delegated authority is exercised. (b)The decision of the Committee as to all questions of interpretation and application of the Plan will be final, binding and conclusive on all persons. The Committee has the authority in its discretion, subject to and not inconsistent with the express provisions of the Plan, to administer the Plan and to exercise all the power and authority either specifically granted to it under the Plan or necessary or advisable in the administration of the Plan, including without limitation, the authority to grant Awards; determine the persons to whom and the time or times at which Awards will be granted; determine the type and number of Awards to be granted, the number of shares of Stock to which an Award may relate and the terms, conditions, restrictions and Performance Goals relating to any Award; determine whether, to what extent, and under what circumstances an Award may be settled, canceled, forfeited, accelerated, exchanged, or surrendered (including upon a “change in control” or similar transaction); to make adjustments in the terms and conditions (including Performance Goals) applicable to Awards; construe and interpret the Plan and any Award; prescribe, amend and rescind rules and regulations relating to the Plan; to determine the terms and provisions of the Award Terms (which need not be identical for each Grantee); and make all other determinations deemed necessary or advisable for the administration of the Plan. The Committee may correct any defect or supply any omission or reconcile any inconsistency in the Plan or in any Award Terms granted hereunder in the manner and to the extent it deems expedient to carry the Plan into effect and will be the sole and final judge of such expediency. No Committee member will be liable for any action or determination made with respect to the Plan or any Award. 4.ELIGIBILITY. (a)Awards may be granted to officers, employees, independent contractors and non-employee directors of the Company or of any of the Subsidiaries and Affiliates; provided, that (i) ISOs may be granted only to employees (including officers and directors who are also employees) of the Company or any of its “related corporations” (as defined in the applicable regulations promulgated under the Code) and (ii) Awards may be granted only to eligible persons who are not employed by the Company or a Subsidiary if such persons perform substantial services for the Company or a Subsidiary. (b)No ISO may be granted to any employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries if such employee owns, immediately prior to the grant of the ISO, stock representing more than 10% of the voting power or more than 10% of the value of all classes of stock of the Company or Parent or a Subsidiary, unless the purchase price for the stock under such ISO is at least 110% of its Fair Market Value at the time such ISO is granted and the ISO, by its terms, will not be exercisable more than five years from the date it is granted. In determining the stock ownership under this paragraph, the provisions of Section 424(d) of the Code will control. (c)No Award, except for Restricted Stock, may be granted to any employee or independent contractor who is subject to Section 409A of the Code if such person is an employee or independent contractor of an Affiliate that is not a Subsidiary, unless such Award conforms to the requirements of Section 409A. 5.STOCK SUBJECT TO THE PLAN. (a)The maximum number of shares of Stock reserved for the grant or settlement of Awards under the Plan (the “Share Limit”) is 160,167,881, subject to adjustment as provided herein, not including shares of stock added to the Share Limit pursuant to Section 5(c). (b)Shares issued pursuant to Awards under the Plan may, in whole or in part, be authorized but unissued shares or shares that have been or may be reacquired by the Company in the open market, in private transactions or otherwise. If any shares subject to an Award (other than Awards substituted or assumed pursuant to Section 5(c) herein) are forfeited, canceled, exchanged or surrendered or if an Award otherwise terminates or expires without a distribution of shares to the Grantee, the shares of stock with respect to such Award will, to the extent of 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 any such forfeiture, cancellation, exchange, surrender, termination or expiration, again be available for Awards under the Plan. (c)The Company may substitute or assume equity awards of acquired entities in connection with mergers, reorganizations, separations, or other transactions to which Section 424(a) of the Code applies. The number of shares of Stock reserved pursuant to Section 5 will be increased by the corresponding number of equity awards assumed and, in the case of a substitution, by the net increase in the number of shares of Stock subject to equity awards before and after the substitution. (d)Subject to the Share Limit and Section 5(g), the aggregate maximum number of shares of Stock that may be issued pursuant to the exercise of ISOs will be 160,167,881 shares of Stock. (e)Subject to the Share Limit and Section 5(g), the aggregate number of shares of Stock that may be issued pursuant to Awards granted during any fiscal year to any single individual may not exceed 3,611,400 shares of Stock. (f)The maximum value of Awards granted during a single fiscal year under this Plan or under any other equity plan maintained by the Company, taken together with any cash fees paid during such fiscal year for services on the Board, will not exceed $1,000,000 in total value for any non-employee director, except that such limit will be $1,250,000 for any non-employee director serving as the lead director of the Board or chair of the Board. Such applicable limit will include the value of any stock awards that are received in lieu of all or a portion of any annual committee cash retainers or other similar cash based payments. (g)Except as provided in an Award Term or as otherwise provided in the Plan, in the event of any extraordinary dividend or other extraordinary distribution (whether in the form of cash, Stock, or other property), recapitalization, stock split, reverse split, reorganization, merger, consolidation, spin-off, recapitalization, combination, repurchase, or share exchange, or other similar corporate transaction or event, the Committee will make such equitable changes or adjustments as it deems necessary or appropriate to any or all of (i) the number and kind of shares of Stock or other property (including cash) that may thereafter be issued in connection with Awards (including, but not limited to changes or adjustments to the limits specified in Sections 5(d) and (e)) or the total number of Awards issuable under the Plan, (ii) the number and kind of shares of Stock or other property issued or issuable in respect of outstanding Awards, (iii) the exercise price, grant price or purchase price relating to any Award, (iv) the Performance Goals, and (v) the individual limitations applicable to Awards; provided that, with respect to ISOs, any adjustment will be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 424(h) of the Code and any regulations or guidance promulgated thereunder, and provided further that no such adjustment will cause any Award hereunder which is or becomes subject to Section 409A of the Code to fail to comply with the requirements of such section. 6.SPECIFIC TERMS OF AWARDS. (a)General. Subject to the terms of the Plan and any applicable Award Terms, (i) the term of each Award will be for such period as may be determined by the Committee, and (ii) payments to be made by the Company or a Subsidiary or Affiliate upon the grant, maturation, or exercise of an Award may be made in such forms as the Committee determines at the date of grant or thereafter, including, without limitation, cash, Stock or other property, and may be made in a single payment or transfer, in installments, or, subject to the requirements of Section 409A of the Code on a deferred basis. (b)Awards. The Committee is authorized to grant to Grantees the following Awards, as deemed by the Committee to be consistent with the purposes of the Plan. The Committee will determine the terms and conditions of such Awards, consistent with the terms of the Plan. Options and Stock Appreciation Rights (“SARs”) are subject to a minimum one-year vesting period following grant, with the exception that up to 5% of the available shares of Stock reserved for grant may be subject to such Awards without such minimum vesting period. Subject to compliance with the requirements of Section 409A of the Code, an Award may provide the Grantee with the right to receive dividend or dividend equivalent payments with respect to Stock actually or notionally subject to 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 the Award, which payments will be credited to an account for the Grantee, and may be settled in cash or Stock, as determined by the Committee. Any such dividend or dividend equivalents will be settled in cash or Stock to the Grantee only if, when and to the extent the related Award vests. The value of dividend or dividend equivalent payments payable with respect to any Award that does not vest will be forfeited. (i)Options. The Committee is authorized to grant Options to Grantees on the following terms and conditions: (A)The Award Terms evidencing the grant of an Option under the Plan will designate the Option as an ISO or an NQSO. (B)The exercise price per share of Stock purchasable under an Option will be determined by the Committee, but in no event may the exercise price of an Option per share of Stock be less than the Fair Market Value of a share of Stock as of the date of grant of such Option. The purchase price of Stock as to which an Option is exercised must be paid in full at the time of exercise; payment may be made in cash, which may be paid by check, or other instrument acceptable to the Company, or, with the consent of the Committee, in shares of Stock, valued at the Fair Market Value on the date of exercise (including shares of Stock that otherwise would be distributed to the Grantee upon exercise of the Option), or if there were no sales on such date, on the next preceding day on which there were sales or (if permitted by the Committee and subject to such terms and conditions as it may determine) by surrender of outstanding Awards under the Plan, or the Committee may permit such payment of exercise price by any other method it deems satisfactory in its discretion. In addition, subject to applicable law and pursuant to procedures approved by the Committee, payment of the exercise price may be made pursuant to a broker-assisted cashless exercise procedure. Any amount necessary to satisfy applicable federal, state or local tax withholding requirements must be paid promptly upon notification of the amount due. The Committee may permit the amount of tax withholding to be paid in shares of Stock previously owned by the employee, or a portion of the shares of Stock that otherwise would be distributed to such employee upon exercise of the Option, or a combination of shares of such Stock and other property, except that the amount of tax withholding to be satisfied by withholding shares of Stock and other property will be limited to the extent necessary to avoid adverse accounting consequences, including but not limited to the Award being classified as a liability award. (C)Options will be exercisable over the exercise period (which may not exceed ten years from the date of grant), at such times and upon such conditions as the Committee may determine, as reflected in the Award Terms; provided that, the Committee has the authority to accelerate the exercisability of any outstanding Option at such time and under such circumstances as it, in its sole discretion, deems appropriate. (D)Upon the termination of a Grantee’s employment or service with the Company and its Subsidiaries or Affiliates, the Options granted to such Grantee, to the extent that they are exercisable at the time of such termination, will remain exercisable for such period as may be provided in the applicable Award Terms, but in no event following the expiration of their term. The treatment of any Option that is unexercisable as of the date of such termination will be as set forth in the applicable Award Terms. (E)Options may be subject to such other conditions, as the Committee may prescribe in its discretion or as may be required by applicable law. (ii)Restricted Stock. (A)The Committee may grant Awards of Restricted Stock under the Plan, subject to such restrictions, terms and conditions, as the Committee may determine in its sole discretion and as evidenced by the applicable Award Terms (provided that any such Award is subject to the vesting requirements described herein). The vesting of a Restricted Stock Award granted under the Plan may be conditioned upon the completion of a specified period of employment or service with the Company, any Subsidiary or an Affiliate, upon the attainment of specified Performance Goals or upon such other criteria as the Committee may determine in its sole discretion. 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 (B)The Committee will determine the purchase price, which, to the extent required by law, may not be less than par value of the Stock, to be paid by the Grantee for each share of Restricted Stock or unrestricted Stock or stock units subject to the Award. The Award Terms with respect to such Award will set forth the amount (if any) to be paid by the Grantee with respect to such Award and when and under what circumstances such payment is required to be made. (C)Except as provided in the applicable Award Terms, no shares of Stock underlying a Restricted Stock Award may be assigned, transferred, or otherwise encumbered or disposed of by the Grantee until such shares of Stock have vested in accordance with the terms of such Award. (D)Upon the termination of a Grantee’s employment or service with the Company and its Subsidiaries or Affiliates, the Restricted Stock granted to such Grantee will be subject to the terms and conditions specified in the applicable Award Terms. (iii)Restricted Stock Units. The Committee is authorized to grant Restricted Stock Units to Grantees, subject to the following terms and conditions: (A)At the time of the grant of Restricted Stock Units, the Committee may impose such restrictions or conditions to the vesting of such Awards as it, in its discretion, deems appropriate, including, but not limited to, the achievement of Performance Goals. The Committee has the authority to accelerate the settlement of any outstanding award of Restricted Stock Units at such time and under such circumstances as it, in its sole discretion, deems appropriate, subject compliance with the requirements of Section 409A of the Code. (B)Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Award Terms or except as otherwise provided in the Plan, upon the vesting of a Restricted Stock Unit there will be delivered to the Grantee, as soon as practicable following the date on which such Award (or any portion thereof) vests, that number of shares of Stock equal to the number of Restricted Stock Units becoming so vested. (C)Upon the termination of a Grantee’s employment or service with the Company and its Subsidiaries or Affiliates, the Restricted Stock Units granted to such Grantee will be subject to the terms and conditions specified in the applicable Award Terms. (iv)Other Stock-Based or Cash-Based Awards. (A)The Committee is authorized to grant Awards to Grantees in the form of Other Stock-Based Awards or Other Cash-Based Awards, as deemed by the Committee to be consistent with the purposes of the Plan. The Committee will determine the terms and conditions of such Awards, consistent with the terms of the Plan, at the date of grant or thereafter, including the Performance Goals and performance periods. Stock or other securities or property delivered pursuant to an Award in the nature of a purchase right granted under Section 6(iv) may be purchased for such consideration, paid for at such times, by such methods, and in such forms, including, without limitation, Stock, other Awards, notes or other property, as the Committee will determine, subject to any required corporate action. (B)The maximum value of the aggregate payment that any Grantee may receive with respect to Other Cash-Based Awards pursuant to this Section 6(b)(iv) in respect of any annual performance period is $5,000,000 and for any other performance period in excess of one year, such amount multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of months in the performance period and the denominator of which is twelve. The Committee may establish other rules applicable to the Other Stock- or Cash-Based Awards. (C)Payments earned in respect of any Cash-Based Award may be decreased or increased in the sole discretion of the Committee based on such factors as it deems appropriate. 7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 7.GENERAL PROVISIONS. (a)Nontransferability, Deferrals and Settlements. Unless otherwise determined by the Committee or provided in an Award Term or set forth below, but in accordance with the Code and any applicable laws, Awards will not be transferable by a Grantee except by will or the laws of descent and distribution and will be exercisable during the lifetime of a Grantee only by such Grantee or his guardian or legal representative. Any attempted assignment or transfer of an Award will be null and void and without effect, except as herein provided, including without limitation any purported assignment, whether voluntary or by operation of law, pledge, hypothecation or other disposition, attachment, divorce, trustee process or similar process, whether legal or equitable, upon such Award. The Committee may permit Grantees to elect to defer the issuance of shares of Stock or the settlement of Awards in cash under such rules and procedures as established under the Plan to the extent that such deferral complies with Section 409A of the Code and any regulations or guidance promulgated thereunder. (b)Leave of Absence; Reduction in Service Level. The Committee may determine, in its discretion (i) whether, and the extent to which, an Award will vest during a leave of absence, (ii) whether, and the extent to which, a reduction in service level (for example, from full-time to part-time employment), will cause a reduction, or other change, in an Award, and (iii) whether a leave of absence or reduction in service will be deemed a termination of employment or service for the purpose of the Plan and the Award Terms. The Committee will also determine all other matters relating to whether the employment or service of a recipient of an Award is continuous for purposes of the Plan and the Award Terms. (c)No Right to Continued Employment, etc. Nothing in the Plan or in any Award granted or any Award Terms, promissory note or other agreement entered into pursuant hereto confers upon any Grantee the right to continue in the employ or service of the Company, any Subsidiary or any Affiliate or to be entitled to any remuneration or benefits not set forth in the Plan or the applicable Award Terms or to interfere with or limit in any way the right of the Company or any such Subsidiary or Affiliate to terminate such Grantee’s employment or service. (d)Clawback/Recoupment (i)All Awards granted under the Plan will be subject to recoupment in accordance with any clawback policy that the Company determines to adopt pursuant to the listing standards of any national securities exchange or association on which the Company’s securities are listed or as is otherwise required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act or other applicable law. In addition, the Committee may impose additional clawback, recovery or recoupment provisions in an Award agreement as the Committee determines necessary or appropriate, including but not limited to a reacquisition right in respect of previously acquired shares of Stock or other cash or property upon the occurrence of Cause as determined by the Committee. (ii)In the event of a restatement of incorrect financial results, the Committee will review all Awards held by executive officers (within the meaning of Rule 3b-7 of the Exchange Act) of the Company that (i) were earned based on performance or were vesting during the course of the financial period subject to such restatement or (ii) were granted during or within one year following such financial period. If any Award would have been lower or would not have vested, been earned or been granted based on such restated financial results, the Committee will, if it determines appropriate in its sole discretion and to the extent permitted by governing law, (a) cancel such Award, in whole or in part, whether or not vested, earned or payable or (b) require the Grantee to repay to the Company an amount equal to all or any portion of the value of any gains from the grant, vesting or payment of the Award that would not have been realized had the restatement not occurred. (iii)If a Grantee’s employment or service is terminated for Cause, all unvested (and, to the extent applicable, unexercised) portions of Awards will terminate and be forfeited immediately without consideration. In addition, the Committee may in its sole discretion and to the extent permitted by applicable law cause the cancellation of all or a portion of any outstanding vested Awards held by such Grantee or payable to such Grantee or require such Grantee to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of the gains from the exercise of, settlement or payment of any of the Grantee’s Awards realized after the event giving rise to Cause first occurred. 8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 (e)Taxes. The Company, any Subsidiary and any Affiliate is authorized to withhold from any Award granted, any payment relating to an Award under the Plan, including from a distribution of Stock, or any other payment to a Grantee, amounts of withholding and other taxes due in connection with any transaction involving an Award, and to take such other action as the Committee may deem advisable to enable the Company and Grantees to satisfy obligations for the payment of withholding taxes and other tax obligations relating to any Award. This authority includes authority to withhold or receive Stock or other property and to make cash payments in respect thereof in satisfaction of a Grantee’s tax obligations; provided, however, that the amount of tax withholding to be satisfied by withholding Stock or other property will be limited to the extent necessary to avoid adverse accounting consequences, including but not limited to the Award being classified as a liability award. (f)Stockholder Approval; Amendment and Termination. The Board may amend, alter or discontinue the Plan and outstanding Awards thereunder, but no amendment, alteration, or discontinuation may be made that would impair the rights of a Grantee under any Award theretofore granted without such Grantee’s consent, or that without the approval of the stockholders (as described below) would, except in the case of an adjustment as provided in Section 5, increase the total number of shares of Stock reserved for the purpose of the Plan. In addition, stockholder approval will be required with respect to any amendment with respect to which shareholder approval is required under the Code, the rules of any stock exchange on which Stock is then listed or any other applicable law. Unless earlier terminated by the Board pursuant to the provisions of the Plan, the Plan will terminate on the tenth anniversary of the Adoption Date. No Awards may be granted under the Plan after such termination date. (g)No Rights to Awards; No Stockholder Rights. No Grantee haves any claim to be granted any Award under the Plan, and there is no obligation for uniformity of treatment of Grantees. No Grantee has any right to payment or settlement under any Award unless and until the Committee or its designee determines that payment or settlement is to be made. Except as provided specifically herein, a Grantee or a transferee of an Award has no rights as a stockholder with respect to any shares covered by the Award until the date of the issuance of such shares. (h)Unfunded Status of Awards. The Plan is intended to constitute an “unfunded” plan for incentive and deferred compensation. With respect to any payments not yet made to a Grantee pursuant to an Award, nothing contained in the Plan or any Award will give any such Grantee any rights that are greater than those of a general creditor of the Company. (i)No Fractional Shares. No fractional shares of Stock will be issued or delivered pursuant to the Plan or any Award. The Committee will determine whether cash, other Awards, or other property will be issued or paid in lieu of such fractional shares or whether such fractional shares or any rights thereto will be forfeited or otherwise eliminated. (j)Regulations and Other Approvals. (i)The obligation of the Company to sell or deliver Stock or pay cash with respect to any Award granted under the Plan is subject to all applicable laws, rules and regulations, including all applicable federal and state securities laws, and the obtaining of all such approvals by governmental agencies as may be deemed necessary or appropriate by the Committee. (ii)Each Award is subject to the requirement that, if at any time the Committee determines, in its absolute discretion, that the listing, registration or qualification of Stock issuable pursuant to the Plan is required by any securities exchange or under any state or federal law, or the consent or approval of any governmental regulatory body is necessary or desirable as a condition of, or in connection with, the grant of an Award or the issuance of Stock, no such Award may be granted or payment made or Stock issued, in whole or in part, unless listing, registration, qualification, consent or approval has been effected or obtained free of any conditions not acceptable to the Committee. 9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 (iii)In the event that the disposition of Stock acquired pursuant to the Plan is not covered by a then current registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and is not otherwise exempt from such registration, such Stock will be restricted against transfer to the extent required by the Securities Act or regulations thereunder, and the Committee may require a Grantee receiving Stock pursuant to the Plan, as a condition precedent to receipt of such Stock, to represent to the Company in writing that the Stock acquired by such Grantee is acquired for investment only and not with a view to distribution. (iv)Section 409A. This Plan is intended to comply and will be administered in a manner that is intended to comply with Section 409A of the Code and will be construed and interpreted in accordance with such intent. To the extent that an Award, issuance or payment is subject to Section 409A of the Code, it will be awarded or issued or paid in a manner that will comply with Section 409A of the Code, including proposed, temporary or final regulations or any other guidance issued by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service with respect thereto. Any provision of this Plan that would cause an Award, issuance or payment to fail to satisfy Section 409A of the Code will have no force and effect until amended to comply with Section 409A of the Code (which amendment may be retroactive to the extent permitted by applicable law). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Plan (and unless the Award Terms specifically provides otherwise), if the shares of Stock are publicly traded and a Grantee is a “specified employee” for purposes of Section 409A of the Code and holds an Award that provides for “deferred compensation” under Section 409A of the Code, no distribution or payment of any amount shall be made upon a “separation from service” before a date that is six months following the date of such Grantee’s “separation from service” (as defined in Section 409A of the Code without regard to alternative definitions thereunder) except that in case of the Grantee’s death, such distribution or payment will be made as soon as practicable following the Grantee’s death or as otherwise set forth in an agreement with the Grantee. (k)Governing Law. The Plan and all determinations made and actions taken pursuant hereto is governed by the laws of the State of Delaware without giving effect to the conflict of laws principles thereof. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Committee, in order to conform with provisions of local laws and regulations in foreign countries in which the Company or its Subsidiaries operate, has sole discretion to (i) modify the terms and conditions of Awards made to Grantees employed outside the United States, (ii) establish sub-plans with modified exercise procedures and such other modifications as may be necessary or advisable under the circumstances presented by local laws and regulations, and (iii) take any action which it deems advisable to obtain, comply with or otherwise reflect any necessary governmental regulatory procedures, exemptions or approvals with respect to the Plan or any sub-plan established hereunder. (l)Merger or Consolidation. If the Company is the surviving corporation in any merger or consolidation (other than a merger or consolidation in which the Company survives but in which a majority of its outstanding shares are converted into securities of another corporation or are exchanged for other consideration), any Award granted hereunder will pertain and apply to the securities which a holder of the number of shares of stock of the Company then subject to the Award is entitled to receive. In the event of a (i) dissolution or liquidation of the Company, (ii) sale or transfer of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets or (iii) merger or consolidation in which the Company is not the surviving corporation or in which a majority of its outstanding shares are converted into securities of another corporation or are exchanged for other consideration, the Company must, contingent upon consummation of such transaction, either (a) arrange for any corporation succeeding to the business and assets of the Company to (x) assume each outstanding Award, or (y) issue to the Grantees replacement Awards (which, in the case of Incentive Stock Options, satisfy, in the determination of the Committee, the requirements of Section 424 of the Code), for such corporation’s stock that will preserve the value, liquidity and material terms and conditions of the outstanding Awards; or (b) make the outstanding Awards fully exercisable or cause all of the applicable restrictions to which outstanding Stock Awards are subject to lapse, in each case, on a basis that gives the holder of the Award a reasonable opportunity, as determined by the Committee, following the exercise of the Award or the issuance of shares of Common Stock, as the case may be, to participate as a stockholder in any such dissolution, liquidation, asset sale or transfer, merger or consolidation, and the Award will terminate immediately following consummation of any such transaction. The existence of the Plan will not prevent any such change or other transaction, and no Participant hereunder has any right except as herein expressly set forth. Notwithstanding the 10 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Exhibit 10.6 foregoing provisions of this Section 7(l), Awards subject to and intended to satisfy the requirements of Section 409A of the Code will be construed and administered consistent with such intent. 11 EX-10.11 4 vmw-7302021x10qex1011.htm AMENDED AND RESTATED 2007 EMPLOYEE STOCK PURCHASE PLAN Exhibit 10.11 VMWARE, INC. AMENDED AND RESTATED 2007 EMPLOYEE STOCK PURCHASE PLAN Section 1. Purpose of Plan The VMware, Inc. Amended and Restated 2007 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “Plan”) is intended to provide a method by which eligible employees of VMware, Inc. (“VMware”) and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) may use voluntary, systematic payroll deductions or other contributions (as described in Section 5 below) to purchase VMware’s class A common stock, $.01 par value, (“stock”) and thereby acquire an interest in the future of VMware. For purposes of the Plan, a subsidiary is any corporation in which VMware owns, directly or indirectly, stock possessing 50% or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock unless the Board of Directors of VMware (the “Board of Directors”) or the Committee (as defined below) determines that employees of a particular subsidiary shall not be eligible. The Plan is intended qualify as an “employee stock purchase plan” under Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Board of Directors may establish comparable offerings under the Plan that are not intended to qualify under Code Section 423. Such offerings will be designated as being made under the non-423 component of this Plan. For purposes of this Plan, if the Board of Directors so determines, the employees of VMware and/or of any designated subsidiary will be deemed to participate in a separate offering under the 423 component of the Plan, even if the dates of the applicable offering period of each such offering are identical, provided that the terms of participation are the same within each separate offering as determined under Code Section 423. Section 2. Options to Purchase Stock Under the Plan, no more than 37,300,000 shares of stock are available for purchase (subject to adjustment as provided in Section 16) pursuant to the exercise of options (“options”) granted under the Plan to employees of the Company (“employees”). All of the shares of stock are available for purchase under the Plan may be used for offerings under the 423 component of the Plan. The stock to be delivered upon exercise of options under the Plan may be either shares of VMware’s authorized but unissued stock, or shares of reacquired stock, as the Board of Directors shall determine. Section 3. Eligible Employees Except as otherwise provided in Section 20, each employee who has completed three months or more of continuous service in the employ of the Company, or any lesser number of months established by the Committee (if required under local law), shall be eligible to participate in the Plan provided such inclusion is consistent with requirements under Code Section 423 or offered under the non-423 component. For the avoidance of doubt, individuals who are not employees of VMware or an eligible subsidiary are not considered to be eligible employees and shall not be eligible to participate in the Plan. Section 4. Method of Participation Option periods of any duration up to 27 months in length shall be determined by the Committee. In the event no period is designated by the Committee, the option periods shall have a duration of six months commencing on the first day following termination of the prior period. For example, if an option period ends on July 31, the following option period would be August 1 through January 31 unless the Committee determines otherwise prior to commencement of such following option period. Each person who will be an eligible employee on the first day of any option period may elect to participate in the Plan by executing and delivering, at least one business day prior to such day, a payroll deduction authorization -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- and/or other required enrollment agreement(s)/form(s) in accordance with Section 5. Such employee shall thereby become a participant (“participant”) on the first day of such option period and shall remain a participant until his or her participation is terminated as provided in the Plan. VMware may permit participants to elect or indicate whether an enrollment election, once made, will apply to subsequent option periods without being required to submit a new enrollment form. If an employee makes an enrollment election that does not apply to subsequent option periods, the employee will be deemed to have terminated his or her participation with respect to subsequent option periods unless and until the employee submits a new enrollment form in accordance with the Plan. Section 5. Contributions A participant may elect to make contributions under the Plan at a rate of not less than 2% nor more than 15% from the participant’s compensation (subject to a maximum of $7,500 per six-month option period and pro-rated for longer or shorter periods, at the Committee’s discretion), by means of substantially equal payroll deductions over the option period; provided, however, where applicable local laws prohibit payroll deductions for the purpose of participation in the Plan, the Committee may permit all participants in a specified separate offering under the 423 component or an offering under the non-423 component of the Plan to contribute amounts to the Plan through payment by cash, check or other means set forth in the enrollment form. Any amount remaining in a participant’s contribution account at the end of an option period representing a fractional share that is rolled over to the contribution account for the next option period pursuant to Section 8 below (a “rollover”) may be used to purchase additional stock; provided that the maximum dollar amount per option period shall be reduced by the amount of any rollover. For purposes of the Plan, “compensation” shall mean all cash compensation paid to the participant by the Company unless otherwise specified by the Board. A participant may only elect to change his or her contribution rate by written notice delivered to VMware (or its designated agent) at least one business day prior to the first day of the option period as to which the change is to be effective. Following delivery to VMware (or its designated agent) of any enrollment form or any election to change the withholding rate of a payroll deduction authorization, appropriate payroll deductions or changes thereto shall commence as soon as reasonably practicable. All amounts withheld in accordance with a participant’s payroll deduction authorization or contributed by other permitted means (if any) shall be credited to a contribution account for such participant. Section 6. Grant of Options Each person who is a participant on the first day of an option period shall, as of such day, be granted an option for such period. Such option shall be for the number of shares of stock to be determined by dividing (a) the balance in the participant’s contribution account on the last day of the option period by (b) the purchase price per share of the stock determined under Section 7, and eliminating any fractional share from the quotient. In the event that the number of shares then available under the Plan is otherwise insufficient, VMware shall reduce on a substantially proportionate basis the number of shares of stock receivable by each participant upon exercise of his or her option for an option period and shall return the balance in a participant’s contribution account to such participant without interest (unless otherwise required by local law). In no event shall the number of shares of stock that a participant may purchase during any one six-month option period under the Plan exceed 750 shares of stock (subject to adjustment as provided in Section 16), and pro-rated for longer or shorter periods, at the Committee’s discretion. Section 7. Purchase Price The purchase price of stock issued pursuant to the exercise of an option shall be 85% of the fair market value of the stock at (a) the time of grant of the option or (b) the time at which the option is deemed exercised, whichever is less. “Fair market value” shall mean the closing sales price per share of the stock 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- on the principal securities exchange on which the stock is traded or, if there is no such sale on the relevant date, then on the last previous day on which a sale was reported; if the stock is not listed for trading on a national securities exchange, the fair market value of the stock shall be determined in good faith by the Board of Directors. Section 8. Exercise of Options If an employee is a participant in the Plan on the last business day of an option period, he or she shall be deemed to have exercised the option granted to him or her for that period. Upon such exercise, VMware shall apply the balance of the participant’s contribution account to the purchase of the number of whole shares of stock determined under Section 6, and as soon as practicable thereafter shall issue and deliver certificates for said shares to the participant (or have the shares deposited in a brokerage account for the benefit of the participant). No fractional shares shall be issued hereunder. Any balance accumulated in the participant’s contribution account that is not sufficient to purchase a full share shall be retained in such account for any remaining or subsequent option period, subject to early withdrawal by the participant as provided in Section 10. Any other monies remaining in the participant’s contribution account under the Plan after the date of exercise shall be returned to the participant or his or her beneficiary (as applicable) in cash without interest (unless otherwise required by local law). Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, VMware shall not be obligated to deliver any shares unless and until, in the opinion of VMware’s counsel, all requirements of applicable federal, state and foreign laws and regulations (including any requirements as to legends) have been complied with, nor, if the outstanding stock is at the time listed on any securities exchange, unless and until the shares to be delivered have been listed (or authorized to be added to the list upon official notice of issuance) upon such exchange, nor unless or until all other legal matters in connection with the issuance and delivery of shares have been approved by VMware’s counsel. Section 9. Interest No interest will be payable on contribution accounts, except as may be required by applicable law, as determined by the Committee. Section 10. Cancellation and Withdrawal A participant who holds an option under the Plan may cancel all (but not less than all) of his or her option by written notice delivered to the Company, in such form as the Committee may prescribe, provided that VMware (or its designated agent) must receive such notice at least 31 days, or such other number of days determined by the Committee, before the last day of the option period (the “Withdrawal Deadline”). Any participant who delivers such written notice shall be deemed to have canceled his or her option, terminated any applicable payroll deduction authorization with respect to the Plan and terminated his or her participation in the Plan, in each case, as of the date of such written notice. In the event that the date of the Withdrawal Deadline with respect to the applicable option period, shall be a Saturday, Sunday or day on which banks in the State of Delaware are required to close, a participant may cancel his or her option by written notice given on or prior to the last business day immediately preceding such date. Following delivery of any such notice, any balance in the participant’s contribution account will be returned to such participant as soon as reasonably practicable without interest (unless otherwise required by local law). Any participant who has delivered such notice may elect to participate in the Plan in any future option period in accordance with the provisions of Section 4. Section 11. Termination of Employment Except as otherwise provided in Section 12, upon the termination of a participant’s employment with the Company for any reason whatsoever, he or she shall cease to be a participant, and any option held by him or her under the Plan shall be deemed canceled, the balance of his or her contribution account shall 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- be returned to him or her without interest (unless otherwise required by local law), and he or she shall have no further rights under the Plan. For purposes of this Section 11, a participant’s employment will not be considered terminated in the case of a transfer to the employment of an eligible subsidiary or to the employment of VMware. However, in the event of a transfer of employment, VMware may transfer participant’s participation to a separate offering or non-423 component offering, if advisable or necessary, considering applicable local law and Code Section 423 requirements. For purposes of the Plan, an individual’s employment relationship is still considered to be continuing intact while such individual is on sick leave, or other leave of absence approved for purposes of this Plan by the Company; provided however, that if such period of leave of absence exceeds three months, and the individual’s right to reemployment is not guaranteed either by statute or by contract, the employment relationship shall be deemed to have terminated on the first day following such three month period. Section 12. Death of Participant In the event a participant holds any option hereunder at the time his or her employment with the Company is terminated by his or her death, whenever occurring, then his or her legal representative, may, by a writing delivered to VMware on or before the date such option is exercisable, elect either (a) to cancel any such option and receive in cash the balance in his or her contribution account, or (b) to have the balance in his or her contribution account applied as of the last day of the option period to the exercise of his or her option pursuant to Section 8, and have the balance, if any, in such account in excess of the total purchase price of the whole shares so issued returned in cash without interest (unless otherwise required by local law). In the event his or her legal representative does not file a written election as provided above, any outstanding option shall be treated as if an election had been filed pursuant to subparagraph 12(a) above. Section 13. Participant’s Rights Not Transferable, etc. All participants granted options under a specified offering under the 423 component of the Plan shall have the same rights and privileges. Each participant’s rights and privileges under any option granted under the Plan shall be exercisable during his or her lifetime only by him or her, and shall not be sold, pledged, assigned, or otherwise transferred in any manner whatsoever except by will or the laws of descent and distribution. In the event any participant violates the terms of this Section, any options held by him or her may be terminated by VMware and, upon return to the participant of the balance of his or her contribution account, all his or her rights under the Plan shall terminate. Section 14. Employment Rights Neither the adoption of the Plan nor any of the provisions of the Plan shall confer upon any participant any right to continued employment with the Company or a subsidiary or affect in any way the right of the participant’s employer to terminate the employment of such participant at any time. Section 15. Rights as a Shareholder/Use of Funds A participant shall have the rights of a shareholder only as to stock actually acquired by him or her under the Plan. All contributions received under the Plan may be used by the Company for any corporate purpose, and the Company shall not be obligated to segregate such funds, but may do so if required under applicable local law. Section 16. Change in Capitalization In the event of a stock dividend, stock split or combination of shares, recapitalization, merger in which VMware is the surviving corporation or other change in VMware’s capital stock, the number and kind of shares of stock or securities of VMware to be subject to the Plan and to options then outstanding or 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- to be granted hereunder, the maximum number of shares or securities which may be delivered under the Plan, the option price and other relevant provisions shall be appropriately adjusted by the Board of Directors, whose determination shall be binding on all persons. In the event of a consolidation or merger in which VMware is not the surviving corporation or in the event of the sale or transfer of substantially all VMware’s assets (other than by the grant of a mortgage or security interest), all outstanding options shall thereupon terminate, provided that prior to the effective date of any such merger, consolidation or sale of assets, the Board of Directors shall either (a) return the balance in all contribution accounts and cancel all outstanding options, or (b) accelerate the exercise date provided for in Section 8, or (c) if there is a surviving or acquiring corporation, arrange to have that corporation or an affiliate of that corporation grant to the participants replacement options having equivalent terms and conditions as determined by the Board of Directors. In the event of a corporate restructuring, VMware may transfer or terminate participant’s participation to a separate offering or non-423 component offering, if advisable or necessary, considering applicable local law and Code Section 423 requirements. Section 17. Administration of Plan The Plan will be administered by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors will have authority, not inconsistent with the express provisions of the Plan, to take all action necessary or appropriate hereunder, to interpret its provisions, and to decide all questions which may arise in connection therewith. Except with respect to officers of VMware who are subject to the reporting requirements of Section 16 of the Securities Act of 1934, management of VMware is also authorized to resolve participant disputes under the Plan, consistent with the terms of the Plan and any agreements thereunder and any interpretations or guidance issued under the Plan by the Board of Directors or the Committee. The Board may, in its discretion, delegate its powers with respect to the Plan to the Compensation and Corporate Governance Committee or any other committee at VMware (the “Committee”), in which event all references to the Board of Directors hereunder, including without limitation the references in Section 17, shall be deemed to refer to the Committee. A majority of the members of any such Committee shall constitute a quorum, and all determinations of the Committee shall be made by a majority of its members. Any determination of the Committee under the Plan may be made without notice or meeting of the Committee by a writing signed by all of the Committee members. Determinations of the Board of Directors, the Committee or where appropriate, management of the Company, shall be conclusive and shall bind all parties. Section 18. Amendment and Termination of Plan The Board of Directors may at any time or times amend the Plan or amend any outstanding option or options for the purpose of satisfying the requirements of any changes in applicable laws or regulations or for any other purpose which may at the time be permitted by law, provided that (except to the extent explicitly required or permitted herein) no such amendment will, without the approval of the shareholders of the Company, (a) increase the maximum number of shares available under the Plan, (b) reduce the option price of outstanding options or reduce the price at which options may be granted, (c) change the conditions for eligibility under the Plan, or (d) amend the provisions of this Section 18 of the Plan, and no such amendment will adversely affect the rights of any participant (without his or her consent) under any option theretofore granted. The Plan may be terminated at any time by the Board of Directors, but no such termination shall adversely affect the rights and privileges of holders of the outstanding options. 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Section 19. Approval of Shareholders The Plan as amended and restated was approved by the stockholders of the Company on June 8, 2017 and was further amended by the stockholders on June 25, 2019. Subsequent amendments will be approved by the stockholders to the extent required by applicable securities and tax rules and regulations as well as applicable rules of the securities exchange(s) upon which the stock may be listed for trading. Section 20. Limitations Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan: (a) An employee shall not be eligible to receive an option pursuant to the Plan if, immediately after the grant of such option to him or her, he or she would (in accordance with the provisions of Sections 423 and 424(d) of the Code own or be deemed to own stock possessing 5% or more of the total combined voting power or value of all classes of stock of the employer corporation or of its parent or subsidiary corporation, as defined in Section 424 of the Code. (b) No employee shall be granted an option under this Plan that would permit his or her rights to purchase shares of stock under all employee stock purchase plans (as defined in Section 423 of the Code) of VMware or any subsidiary or parent corporation to accrue at a rate which exceeds $25,000 in fair market value of such stock (determined at the time the option is granted) for each calendar year during which any such option granted to such employee is outstanding at any time, as provided in Section 423 of the Code. (c) No employee shall be granted an option under this Plan that would permit him or her to withhold more than $7,500 in each six-month option period, and pro-rated for longer or shorter periods, at the Committee’s discretion, or $15,000 per calendar year, less the amount of any rollover. (d) No employee whose customary employment is 20 hours or less per week shall be eligible to participate in the Plan, unless otherwise required under applicable law. If participation in the Plan is offered to employees whose customary employment is 20 hours or less, the offering will be made under a separate offering under the 423 component or under the non-423 component of the Plan. (e) No employee whose customary employment is for not more than five months in any calendar year shall be eligible to participate in the Plan. (f) No independent contractor shall be eligible to participate in the Plan. Section 21. Jurisdiction and Governing Law. The Company and each participant in the Plan submit to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the U.S. federal or state courts of Delaware to resolve issues that may arise out of or relate to the Plan or the same subject matter. The Plan shall be governed by the laws of Delaware, excluding its conflicts or choice of law rules or principles that might otherwise refer construction or interpretation of this Plan to the substantive law of another jurisdiction. Section 22. Compliance with Foreign Laws and Regulations. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Board, in order to conform with provisions of local laws and regulations in foreign countries in which the Company or its subsidiaries operate, shall have sole discretion to (i) adversely modify the terms and conditions of options granted to participants employed outside the United States to the extent consistent with the U.S. Treasury regulations under Code Section 423; (ii) establish comparable offerings that are not intended to qualify under Code Section 423 with the shares to be taken from the allotment available under this Plan and with modified enrollment or exercise procedures and/or establish such other modifications as may be necessary or advisable under the 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- circumstances presented by local laws and regulations; and (iii) take any action which it deems advisable to obtain, comply with or otherwise reflect any necessary governmental regulatory procedures, exemptions or approvals with respect to the Plan or any sub-plan established hereunder. 7 EX-31.1 5 vmw-7302021x10qex311.htm CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER Exhibit 31.1 CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 I, Rangarajan (Raghu) Raghuram, certify that: 1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of VMware, Inc.; 2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report; 3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report; 4.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have: i.Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared; ii.Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; iii.Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and iv.Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and 5.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions): i.All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and ii.Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting. Date: September 3, 2021 By: /s/ Rangarajan (Raghu) Raghuram Rangarajan (Raghu) Raghuram Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) EX-31.2 6 vmw-7302021x10qex312.htm CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER Exhibit 31.2 CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 I, Zane Rowe, certify that: 1.I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of VMware, Inc.; 2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report; 3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report; 4.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have: i.Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared; ii.Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; iii.Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and iv.Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and 5.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions): i.All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and ii.Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting. Date: September 3, 2021 By: /s/ Zane Rowe Zane Rowe Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President (Principal Financial Officer) EX-32.1 7 vmw-7302021x10qex321.htm CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER Exhibit 32.1 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 I, Rangarajan (Raghu) Raghuram, certify pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge, the Quarterly Report of VMware, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 30, 2021 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the information contained in such Form 10-Q fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of VMware, Inc. Date: September 3, 2021 By: /s/ Rangarajan (Raghu) Raghuram Rangarajan (Raghu) Raghuram Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) EX-32.2 8 vmw-7302021x10qex322.htm CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER Exhibit 32.2 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002 I, Zane Rowe, certify pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge, the Quarterly Report of VMware, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 30, 2021 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the information contained in such Form 10-Q fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of VMware, Inc. Date: September 3, 2021 By: /s/ Zane Rowe Zane Rowe Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President (Principal Financial Officer)