VMware Reports Fiscal 2019 First Quarter Results

May 31, 2018

Total revenue growth of 14% year-over-year
Broad-based strength across all three geographies

PALO ALTO, Calif., May 31, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- VMware, Inc. (NYSE:VMW), a leading innovator in enterprise software, today announced financial results for the first quarter of fiscal year 2019:

  • Revenue for the first quarter was $2.01 billion, an increase of 14% from the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
  • License revenue for the first quarter was $774 million, an increase of 21% from the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
     
  • GAAP net income for the first quarter was $942 million, including a gain of $781 million on Pivotal Software’s IPO, or $2.29 per diluted share, up 288% per diluted share compared to $245 million, or $0.59 per diluted share, for the first quarter of fiscal 2018. Non-GAAP net income for the quarter was $516 million, or $1.26 per diluted share, up 18% per diluted share compared to $440 million, or $1.06 per diluted share, for the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
  • GAAP operating income for the first quarter was $382 million, an increase of 47% from the first quarter of fiscal 2018. Non-GAAP operating income for the first quarter was $598 million, an increase of 13% from the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
  • Operating cash flows for the first quarter were $1.10 billion. Free cash flows for the quarter were $1.03 billion.
     
  • Total revenue plus sequential change in total unearned revenue grew 17% year-over-year.
     
  • License revenue plus sequential change in unearned license revenue grew 21% year-over-year.

“Q1 was a strong start to the year, and we are pleased with our results, which continue to be driven by broad-based strength across our diverse product and services portfolio and in all three geographies,” commented Pat Gelsinger, chief executive officer, VMware. “As we mark our twentieth anniversary, VMware software continues to be at the forefront of innovation, serving as the essential, ubiquitous foundation for the world’s digital infrastructure.”

“Q1 results reflect the success we have with our broad and increasingly integrated product and services portfolio,” said Zane Rowe, executive vice president and chief financial officer, VMware. “The strong start to fiscal 2019 has us well positioned to execute on our strategy.”

Recent Highlights & Strategic Announcements

  • In early May, VMware outlined its vision for the future of networking, announced the VMware NSX networking and security portfolio and unveiled the Virtual Cloud Network. The Virtual Cloud Network will enable organizations to create a digital business fabric for connecting and securing applications, data and users in a hyper-distributed world.
  • VMware announced that VMware Cloud on AWS is now available in Europe and will offer new capabilities to accelerate and simplify enterprise cloud migration and hybrid cloud deployments. 
  • VMware introduced a number of updates to its Workspace ONE platform that make it the first and only intelligence-driven digital workspace to improve user experience and enable predictive security across the perimeter-less environment.
  • VMware unveiled new releases of VMware vSphere and VMware vSAN—which power the industry’s leading hyper-converged infrastructure (HCI) solutions—to help enterprises securely run their business-critical and modern applications in the data center, at the edge, in the public cloud, or in hybrid cloud environments.
  • VMware was named #1 in HCI software market share in IDC’s Worldwide Quarterly Converged Systems Tracker.*
  • At Mobile World Congress 2018 in Barcelona in February, VMware announced updates to its growing telco software and Cloud Services portfolio that help communications service providers (CSPs) create new revenue streams, open new industry opportunities, drive down costs and ready their networks for the 5G world.
  • Forbes named VMware No. 21 on Forbes’ list of America’s best employers. Additionally, VMware was ranked as the fourth best employer in Forbes’ “IT, Internet, Software & Services” category.

The company will host a conference call today at 2:00 p.m. PT/ 5:00 p.m. ET to review financial results and business outlook. A live web broadcast of the event will be available on the VMware investor relations website at http://ir.vmware.com. Slides will accompany the web broadcast. The replay of the webcast and slides will be available on the website for two months. In addition, six quarters of historical data for unearned revenue  will also be made available at http://ir.vmware.com in conjunction with the conference call.

*IDC Quarterly Converged Systems Tracker, April 5, 2018

Adoption of New Revenue Standard ASC 606

During May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued updates to accounting standards related to revenue recognition ("ASC 606"). VMware adopted ASC 606 on a full retrospective basis effective February 3, 2018.  Accordingly, the financial results for the first quarter of fiscal 2019 presented in this release have been prepared under ASC 606.   In order to provide meaningful comparisons to prior periods, VMware has included financial statements for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and a balance sheet as of the end of fiscal 2018 adjusted for ASC 606.  All year-over-year comparisons in this release compare first quarter fiscal 2019 results to the first quarter of fiscal 2018 as adjusted for ASC 606.

To further assist investors, the financial tables in this release also include a supplemental unearned revenue schedule for each quarter of fiscal 2018 as adjusted for ASC 606, as well as a supplemental schedule of financial information for each quarter of fiscal 2018 and the full fiscal years 2018 and 2016.

About VMware

VMware software powers the world’s most complex digital infrastructure. The company’s compute, cloud, mobility, networking and security offerings provide a dynamic and efficient digital foundation to over 500,000 customers globally, aided by an ecosystem of 75,000 partners. Headquartered in Palo Alto, California, this year VMware celebrates twenty years of breakthrough innovation benefiting business and society. For more information please visit https://www.vmware.com/company.html.

Additional Information

VMware’s website is located at www.vmware.com, and its investor relations website is located at http://ir.vmware.com. VMware’s goal is to maintain the investor relations website as a portal through which investors can easily find or navigate to pertinent information about VMware, all of which is made available free of charge. The additional information includes materials that VMware files with the SEC; announcements of investor conferences and events at which its executives talk about its products, services and competitive strategies; webcasts of its quarterly earnings calls, investor conferences and events (archives of which are also available for a limited time); additional information on its financial metrics, including reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures; press releases on quarterly earnings, product and service announcements, legal developments and international news; corporate governance information; and other news, blogs and announcements that VMware may post from time to time that investors may find useful or interesting.

VMware, VMware Cloud, NSX, vSphere and VMware vSAN are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective organizations.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to VMware’s financial results as determined in accordance with GAAP are included at the end of this press release following the accompanying financial data. For a description of these non-GAAP financial measures, including the reasons management uses each measure, please see the section of the tables titled “About Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements including, among other things, statements regarding VMware’s strategic positioning and ability to execute on its strategies and the strengths and expected benefits to customers of VMware products and services. These forward-looking statements are subject to the safe harbor provisions created by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain risk factors, including but not limited to: (i) adverse changes in general economic or market conditions; (ii) delays or reductions in consumer, government and information technology spending; (iii) competitive factors, including but not limited to pricing pressures, industry consolidation, entry of new competitors into the virtualization software and cloud, end user and mobile computing industries, and new product and marketing initiatives by VMware’s competitors; (iv) VMware’s customers’ ability to transition to new products and computing strategies such as cloud computing, desktop virtualization and the software defined data center; (v) VMware’s ability to enter into and maintain strategically effective partnerships and alliances; (vi) the uncertainty of customer acceptance of emerging technology; (vii) rapid technological changes in the virtualization software and cloud, end user and mobile computing industries; (viii) changes to product and service development timelines; (ix) VMware’s relationship with Dell Technologies and Dell’s ability to control matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of VMware’s board members and matters relating to Dell’s investment in VMware; (x) VMware’s ability to protect its proprietary technology; (xi) VMware’s ability to attract and retain highly qualified employees; (xii) the ability to successfully integrate into VMware acquired companies and assets and smoothly transition services related to divested assets from VMware; (xiii) the ability of VMware to realize synergies from Dell; (xiv) disruptions resulting from key management changes; (xv) fluctuating currency exchange rates; (xvi) changes in VMware’s financial condition; and (xvii) risks associated with cyber-attacks, information security and privacy. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this press release, are based on current expectations and are subject to uncertainties and changes in condition, significance, value and effect as well as other risks detailed in documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including VMware’s most recent reports on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K that we may file from time to time, which could cause actual results to vary from expectations. VMware assumes no obligation to, and does not currently intend to, update any such forward-looking statements after the date of this release.

Contacts:

Paul Ziots
VMware Investor Relations
pziots@vmware.com
650-427-3267

Michael Thacker
VMware Global PR
mthacker@vmware.com
650-427-4454


VMware, Inc.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
     
     
  Three Months Ended
  May 4, May 5,
  2018 2017(1)
     
Revenue:    
License $774  $641 
Services 1,234  1,124 
Total revenue 2,008  1,765 
Operating expenses(2):    
Cost of license revenue 45  39 
Cost of services revenue 251  250 
Research and development 453  421 
Sales and marketing 706  579 
General and administrative 169  151 
Realignment and loss on disposition 2  64 
Operating income 382  261 
Investment income 48  23 
Interest expense (34) (7)
Other income (expense), net 779  4 
Income before income tax 1,175  281 
Income tax provision 233  36 
Net income $942  $245 
     
Net income per weighted-average share, basic for Classes A and B $2.33  $0.60 
Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B $2.29  $0.59 
     
Weighted-average shares, basic for Classes A and B 404,968  408,431 
Weighted-average shares, diluted for Classes A and B 410,932  414,018 
__________    
(1)  Adjusted to reflect the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.
(2)  Includes stock-based compensation as follows:    
Cost of license revenue $  $1 
Cost of services revenue 11  14 
Research and development 84  82 
Sales and marketing 46  48 
General and administrative 20  18 



VMware, Inc.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
    
 May 4, February 2,
 2018 2018(1)
    
ASSETS   
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$7,101  $5,971 
Short-term investments5,529  5,682 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $2 and $21,001  1,394 
Due from related parties, net181  532 
Other current assets289  257 
Total current assets14,101  13,836 
Property and equipment, net1,098  1,074 
Other assets1,710  924 
Deferred tax assets48  227 
Intangible assets, net535  548 
Goodwill4,596  4,597 
Total assets$22,088  $21,206 
    
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$126  $15 
Accrued expenses and other1,141  1,357 
Unearned revenue3,370  3,438 
Total current liabilities4,637  4,810 
Notes payable to Dell270  270 
Long-term debt3,966  3,964 
Unearned revenue2,386  2,401 
Income tax payable957  954 
Other liabilities212  183 
Total liabilities12,428  12,582 
Contingencies   
Stockholders’ equity:   
Class A common stock, par value $.01; authorized 2,500,000 shares; issued and outstanding 106,434 and 103,7761  1 
Class B convertible common stock, par value $.01; authorized 1,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 300,000 shares3  3 
Additional paid-in capital992  844 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(54) (15)
Retained earnings8,718  7,791 
Total stockholders’ equity9,660  8,624 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$22,088  $21,206 
    
(1)  Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASC 606.



VMware, Inc.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(unaudited)
    
 Three Months Ended
 May 4, May 5,
 2018 2017(1)
Operating activities:   
Net income$942  $245 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization156  136 
Stock-based compensation161  163 
Deferred income taxes, net180  2 
Unrealized (gain) loss on equity securities, net(776)  
Loss on disposition1  63 
Loss on disposition of assets, revaluation and impairment  3 
Loss on Dell stock purchase  2 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:   
Accounts receivable393  321 
Other current assets and other assets(136) (66)
Due to/from related parties, net351  (34)
Accounts payable101  59 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(215) (42)
Income taxes payable20  15 
Unearned revenue(83) (90)
Net cash provided by operating activities1,095  777 
    
Investing activities:   
Additions to property and equipment(61) (49)
Purchases of available-for-sale securities(391) (506)
Sales of available-for-sale securities148  548 
Maturities of available-for-sale securities371  418 
Purchases of strategic investments(2) (6)
Proceeds from disposition of assets2   
Business combinations, net of cash acquired(26)  
Net cash paid on disposition of a business(2)  
Net cash provided by investing activities39  405 
    
Financing activities:   
Proceeds from issuance of common stock91  7 
Repurchase of common stock  (425)
Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock(94) (120)
Net cash used in financing activities(3) (538)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash1,131  644 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period6,003  3,239 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period$7,134  $3,883 
    
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:   
Cash paid for interest$63  $9 
Cash paid for taxes, net42  27 
Non-cash items:   
Changes in capital additions, accrued but not paid$11  $5 

(1)  Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASC 606 and Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. Net cash provided by operating activities for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 increased by $2 million when compared to the previously reported amount due to the adoption of ASU 2016-18.


VMware, Inc.

GROWTH IN REVENUE PLUS SEQUENTIAL CHANGE IN UNEARNED REVENUE
(in millions)
(unaudited)
     
     
Growth in Total Revenue Plus Sequential Change in Unearned Revenue
     
  Three Months Ended
  May 4, May 5,
  2018 2017(1)
     
Total revenue, as reported $2,008  $1,765 
Sequential change in unearned revenue(2)(3) (83) (124)
Total revenue plus sequential change in unearned revenue $1,925  $1,641 
     
Change (%) over prior year, as reported 17%  
     
Growth in License Revenue Plus Sequential Change in Unearned License Revenue
     
  Three Months Ended
  May 4, May 5,
  2018 2017(1)
     
Total license revenue, as reported $774  $641 
Sequential change in unearned license revenue(3)(4) (27) (25)
Total license revenue plus sequential change in unearned license revenue $747  $616 
     
Change (%) over prior year, as reported 21%  
     
(1) Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASC 606.
(2) Sequential change in unearned revenue consists of the change in total unearned revenue from the preceding quarter. Total unearned revenue consists of current and non-current unearned revenue amounts presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(3) In conjunction with the disposition of the vCloud Air offering, approximately $35 million of unearned revenue was reclassified to accrued expenses and other on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of May 5, 2017. Included in the $35 million of total unearned revenue was approximately $18 million of unearned license revenue. The amounts shown in the table above are inclusive of these reclassifications.
(4) Unearned license revenue primarily consists of the allocated portion of VMware's SaaS offerings.



VMware, Inc.

SUPPLEMENTAL UNEARNED REVENUE SCHEDULE
(in millions)
(unaudited)
            
            
 May 4, February 2, November 3, August 4, May 5, February 3,
 2018 2018(1) 2017(1) 2017(1) 2017(1) 2017(1)
Unearned revenue as reported:           
License$157  $184  $143  $115  $111  $136 
Software maintenance5,024  5,082  4,541  4,429  4,221  4,313 
Professional services575  573  508  450  428  435 
Total unearned revenue$5,756  $5,839  $5,192  $4,994  $4,760  $4,884 
            
(1) Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASC 606.



VMware, Inc.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP DATA
For the Three Months Ended May 4, 2018
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
        
 GAAPStock-Based
Compensation
Employer
Payroll Taxes
on Employee
Stock Transactions
Intangible
Amortization
Acquisition,
Disposition
and Other
Related
Items
Tax 
Adjustment(1)
Non-GAAP,
as adjusted(2)
Operating expenses:       
Cost of license revenue$45   (30)  $15 
Cost of services revenue$251 (11)(1)(1)  $239 
Research and development$453 (84)  (1) $368 
Sales and marketing$706 (46)(1)(7)(1) $651 
General and administrative$169 (20)  (11) $137 
Realignment and loss on disposition$2    (2) $ 
        
Operating income$382 161 2 38 15  $598 
Operating margin(2)19.0%8.0%0.1%1.9%0.8% 29.8%
        
Other income (expense), net(3)$779    (776) $2 
        
Income before income tax$1,175 161 2 38 (761) $614 
        
Income tax provision$233     (134)$98 
Tax rate(2)19.8%     16.0%
        
Net income$942 161 2 38 (761)134 $516 
        
Net income per weighted-average share,
diluted for Classes A and B(2) (4)
$2.29 $0.39 $ $0.09 $(1.85)$0.33 $1.26 

(1) Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to our annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on our estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures presented above as well as significant tax adjustments, such as adjustments resulting from the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act  enacted on December 22, 2017 (the "Tax Act"). Our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that we believe materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to our estimated annual tax rates as described above, our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from our GAAP tax rate and from our actual tax liabilities.

(2) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Operating margin, tax rate and net income per weighted average share information are calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustment to other income (expense), net includes gains or losses on equity investments, whether realized or unrealized. During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, this adjustment primarily included a gain of $781 million, which related to VMware's investment in Pivotal to adjust it to its fair value.

(4) Calculated based upon 410,932 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.


VMware, Inc.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP DATA
For the Three Months Ended May 5, 2017
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
         
         
 GAAP(1)Stock-Based
Compensation
Employer
Payroll Taxes
on Employee
Stock Transactions
Intangible
Amortization
Acquisition,
Disposition
and Other
Related
Items(1)
Loss on Share
Repurchase
Tax 
Adjustment(1)(2)
Non-GAAP,
as adjusted(1)(3)
Operating expenses:        
Cost of license revenue$39 (1) (26)   $12 
Cost of services revenue$250 (14)(1)(1)(1)  $233 
Research and development$421 (82)  (3)  $337 
Sales and marketing$579 (48)(2)(4)   $524 
General and administrative$151 (18)  (5)  $128 
Realignment$64    (64)  $ 
Operating income$261 163 3 31 73   $531 
Operating margin(3)14.8%9.2%0.2%1.8%4.2%  30.1%
         
Other income (expense), net$4    1 2  $7 
         
Income before income tax$281 163 3 31 74 2  $554 
         
Income tax provision$36      78 $114 
Tax rate(3)12.8%      20.5%
         
Net income$245 163 3 31 74 2 (78)$440 
         
Net income per weighted-average share,
diluted for Classes A and B(3) (4)
$0.59 $0.39 $0.01 $0.08 $0.18 $ $(0.19)$1.06 

(1) Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASC 606.

(2) Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to our annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on our estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures presented above as well as significant tax adjustments. Our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that we believe materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to our estimated annual tax rates as described above, our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from our GAAP tax rate and from our actual tax liabilities.

(3) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Operating margin, tax rate and net income per weighted average share information are calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

(4) Calculated based upon 414,018 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.


VMware, Inc.

REVENUE BY TYPE
(in millions)
(unaudited)
     
     
  Three Months Ended
  May 4, May 5,
  2018 2017(1)
     
Revenue:    
License $774  $641 
Services:    
Software maintenance                          1,077  979 
Professional services 157  145 
Total services 1,234  1,124 
Total revenue $2,008  $1,765 
     
     
Percentage of revenue:    
License 38.6% 36.3%
Services:    
Software maintenance 53.6% 55.5%
Professional services 7.8% 8.2%
Total services 61.4% 63.7%
Total revenue 100.0% 100.0%
     
(1)  Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASC 606.



VMware, Inc.

REVENUE BY GEOGRAPHY
(in millions)
(unaudited)
    
    
 Three Months Ended
 May 4, May 5,
 2018 2017(1)
    
Revenue:   
United States$938  $890 
International                                           1,070  875 
Total revenue$2,008  $1,765 
    
    
Percentage of revenue:   
United States46.7% 50.4%
International53.3% 49.6%
Total revenue100.0% 100.0%
    
(1)  Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASC 606.



VMware, Inc.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
TO FREE CASH FLOWS
(A NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(in millions)
(unaudited)
    
    
 Three Months Ended
 May 4, May 5,
 2018 2017(1)
    
GAAP cash flows from operating activities$1,095  $777 
Capital expenditures                                                     (61) (49)
Free cash flows$1,034  $728 

(1)  Adjusted to reflect the adoption of ASU 2016-18. GAAP cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended May 5, 2017 increased by $2 million when compared to the previously reported amount due to the adoption of ASU 2016-18.


VMware, Inc.

SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION ADJUSTED FOR ASC 606
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
During May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued updates to accounting standards related to revenue recognition ("ASC 606"). VMware adopted ASC 606 on a full retrospective basis effective February 3, 2018.
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income Adjusted for ASC 606

The following table presents the condensed consolidated statements of income for the quarterly and annual periods of fiscal 2018 and the annual period of fiscal 2016 as adjusted for ASC 606 (tables in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands):

  For the Three Months Ended For the Twelve Months Ended
  May 5, August 4, November 3, February 2, February 2, December 31,
  2017 2017 2017 2018 2018(1) 2016
             
Revenue:            
License $641  $783  $758  $1,018  $3,200  $2,799 
Services 1,124  1,149  1,180  1,208  4,662  4,274 
Total revenue 1,765  1,932  1,938  2,226  7,862  7,073 
Operating expenses:            
Cost of license revenue 39  39  38  41  157  159 
Cost of services revenue 250  231  240  263  984  894 
Research and development 421  428  449  457  1,755  1,503 
Sales and marketing 579  613  624  689  2,506  2,307 
General and administrative 151  160  175  169  654  689 
Realignment and loss on disposition 64  36  2  2  104  52 
Operating income 261  425  410  605  1,702  1,469 
Investment income 23  25  33  38  120  77 
Interest expense (7) (7) (28) (33) (74) (26)
Other income (expense), net 4  51  (2) 15  66  (17)
Income before income tax 281  494  413  625  1,814  1,503 
Income tax provision 36  88  18  1,012  1,155  280 
Net income (loss) $245  $406  $395  $(387) $659  $1,223 
             
Net income (loss) per weighted-average share, basic for Classes A and B $0.60  $0.99  $0.97  $(0.96) $1.62  $2.91 
Net income (loss) per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B $0.59  $0.98  $0.96  $(0.96) $1.59  $2.87 
             
Weighted-average shares, basic for Classes A and B 408,431  408,399  406,733  403,383  406,738  420,520 
Weighted-average shares, diluted for Classes A and B 414,018  412,768  413,013  403,383  413,368  423,994 

(1) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Net income per weighted-average share information is calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.


VMware, Inc.

RECONCILIATIONS OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP DATA
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)


 For the Three Months Ended August 4, 2017
 GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606
 Non-GAAP
Adjustments
 Non-GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606(6)
      
Operating income$425  248 (1)$673 
Income tax provision$88  56 (2)$145 
Net income$406  154 (3)$559 
Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B(5)(6)$0.98  0.37 (4)$1.35 

(1) Non-GAAP adjustments to operating income include stock-based compensation ($169 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($1 million), intangible amortization ($33 million) and acquisition, disposition and other related items ($45 million).

(2) Non-GAAP adjustments to income tax provision were $56 million during the three months ended August 4, 2017.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income include stock-based compensation ($169 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($1 million), intangible amortization ($33 million), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($7 million) and tax adjustment (-$56 million).

(4) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income per weighted-average share, diluted, include stock-based compensation ($0.41), intangible amortization ($0.08), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($0.02) and tax adjustment (-$0.14).

(5) Non-GAAP net income per weighted-average share, diluted, was calculated based upon 412,768 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.

(6) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Net income per weighted-average share was calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

 For the Three Months Ended November 3, 2017
 GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606
 Non-GAAP
Adjustments
 Non-GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606(6)
      
Operating income$410  225 (1)$634 
Income tax provision$18  113 (2)$132 
Net income$395  115 (3)$509 
Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B(5)(6)$0.96  0.28 (4)$1.23 

(1) Non-GAAP adjustments to operating income include stock-based compensation ($182 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($2 million), intangible amortization ($33 million) and acquisition, disposition and other related items ($8 million).

(2) Non-GAAP adjustments to income tax provision were $113 million during the three months ended November 3, 2017.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income include stock-based compensation ($182 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($2 million), intangible amortization ($33 million), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($11 million) and tax adjustment (-$113 million).

(4) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income per weighted-average share, diluted, include stock-based compensation ($0.44), intangible amortization ($0.08), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($0.03) and tax adjustment (-$0.27).

(5) Non-GAAP net income per weighted-average share, diluted, was calculated based upon 413,013 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.

(6) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Net income per weighted-average share was calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

 For the Three Months Ended February 2, 2018
 GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606
 Non-GAAP
Adjustments
 Non-GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606(7)
      
Operating income$605  214 (1)$820 
Income tax provision$1,012  (843)(2)$170 
Net income (loss)$(387) 1,044 (3)$657 
Net income (loss) per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B(5)(6)$(0.96) 2.55 (4)$1.60 

(1) Non-GAAP adjustments to operating income include stock-based compensation ($170 million), intangible amortization ($36 million) and acquisition, disposition and other related items ($8 million).

(2) Non-GAAP adjustments to income tax provision were -$843 million during the three months ended February 2, 2018.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income (loss) include stock-based compensation ($170 million), intangible amortization ($36 million), acquisition, disposition and other related items (-$5 million) and tax adjustment ($843 million).

(4) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income (loss) per weighted-average share, diluted, include stock-based compensation ($0.41), intangible amortization ($0.09), acquisition, disposition and other related items (-$0.01) and tax adjustment ($2.06).

(5) GAAP net loss per weighted-average share, diluted, was based upon 403,383 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B. During the three months ended February 2, 2018, VMware incurred a GAAP net loss. As a result, all potentially dilutive securities were anti-dilutive and excluded from the computation of GAAP net loss per weighted-average share, diluted.

(6) Non-GAAP net income per weighted-average share, diluted, was calculated based upon 410,096 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.

(7) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Net income (loss) per weighted-average share was calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

 For the Twelve Months Ended February 2, 2018
 GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606
 Non-GAAP
Adjustments
 Non-GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606(6)
      
Operating income$1,702  954 (1)$2,657 
Income tax provision$1,155  (597)(2)$558 
Net income$659  1,507 (3)$2,166 
Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B(5)(6)$1.59  3.65 (4)$5.24 

(1) Non-GAAP adjustments to operating income include stock-based compensation ($683 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($6 million), intangible amortization ($132 million) and acquisition, disposition and other related items ($132 million).

(2) Non-GAAP adjustments to income tax provision were -$597 million during the twelve months ended February 2, 2018.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income include stock-based compensation ($683 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($6 million), intangible amortization ($132 million), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($87 million), loss on share repurchase ($2 million) and tax adjustment ($597 million).

(4) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income per weighted-average share, diluted, include stock-based compensation ($1.65), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($0.02), intangible amortization ($0.32), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($0.21) and tax adjustment ($1.44).

(5) Non-GAAP net income per weighted-average share, diluted, was calculated based upon 413,368 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.

(6) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Net income per weighted-average share was calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

 For the Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2016
 GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606
 Non-GAAP
Adjustments
 Non-GAAP
As Adjusted
Under ASC 606(6)
      
Operating income$1,469  855 (1)$2,325 
Income tax provision$280  206 (2)$486 
Net income$1,223  661 (3)$1,884 
Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B(5)(6)$2.87  1.58 (4)$4.44 

(1) Non-GAAP adjustments to operating income include stock-based compensation ($636 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($8 million), intangible amortization ($125 million), realignment charges ($52 million) and acquisition, disposition and other related items ($34 million).

(2) Non-GAAP adjustments to income tax provision were $206 million during the twelve months ended December 31, 2016.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income include stock-based compensation ($636 million), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($8 million), intangible amortization ($125 million), realignment charges ($52 million), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($54 million), gain on share repurchase (-$8 million) and tax adjustment (-$206 million).

(4) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income per weighted-average share, diluted, include stock-based compensation ($1.50), employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions ($0.02), intangible amortization ($0.30), realignment charges ($0.12), acquisition, disposition and other related items ($0.13) and tax adjustment (-$0.49).

(5) Non-GAAP net income per weighted-average share, diluted, was calculated based upon 423,994 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.

(6) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Net income per weighted-average share was calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.


About Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To provide investors and others with additional information regarding VMware’s results, VMware has disclosed in this earnings release the following non-GAAP financial measures: non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP net income per diluted share, and free cash flows. VMware has provided a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure used in this earnings release to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. These non-GAAP financial measures, other than free cash flows, differ from GAAP in that they exclude stock-based compensation, employer payroll tax on employee stock transactions, amortization of acquired intangible assets, realignment charges, acquisition, disposition and other-related items, gain or loss on share repurchase, certain litigation and other contingencies and discrete items that impacted our GAAP tax rate, each as discussed below. Our non-GAAP financial measures also reflect the application of our non-GAAP tax rate. Free cash flows differ from GAAP cash flows from operating activities with respect to the treatment of capital expenditures.

VMware’s management uses these non-GAAP financial measures to understand and compare operating results across accounting periods, for internal budgeting and forecasting purposes, for short- and long-term operating plans, to calculate bonus payments and to evaluate VMware’s financial performance, the performance of its individual functional groups and the ability of operations to generate cash. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures reflect VMware’s ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful period-to-period comparisons and analysis of trends in VMware’s business, as they exclude charges and gains that are not reflective of ongoing operating results. Management also believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating VMware’s operating results and future prospects in the same manner as management and in comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies. Additionally, management believes information regarding free cash flows provides investors and others with an important perspective on the cash available to make strategic acquisitions and investments, to repurchase shares, to fund ongoing operations and to fund other capital expenditures.

Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors and others in assessing VMware’s operating performance due to the following factors:

  • Stock-based compensation. Stock-based compensation is generally fixed at the time the stock-based instrument is granted and amortized over a period of several years. Although stock-based compensation is an important aspect of the compensation of VMware’s employees and executives, the expense for the fair value of the stock-based instruments VMware utilizes may bear little resemblance to the actual value realized upon the vesting or future exercise of the related stock-based awards. Management believes it is useful to exclude stock-based compensation in order to better understand the long-term performance of VMware’s core business.
  • Employer payroll tax on employee stock transactions. The amount of employer payroll taxes on stock-based compensation is dependent on VMware’s stock price and other factors that are beyond VMware’s control and do not correlate to the operation of the business.
  • Amortization of acquired intangible assets. A portion of the purchase price of VMware’s acquisitions is generally allocated to intangible assets, such as intellectual property, and is subject to amortization. However, VMware does not acquire businesses on a predictable cycle. Additionally, the amount of an acquisition’s purchase price allocated to intangible assets and the term of its related amortization can vary significantly and are unique to each acquisition. Therefore, VMware believes that the presentation of non-GAAP financial measures that adjust for the amortization of intangible assets provides investors and others with a consistent basis for comparison across accounting periods.
  • Realignment charges. Realignment charges include workforce reductions, asset impairments, losses on asset disposals and costs to exit facilities. VMware’s management believes it is useful to exclude these items, when significant, as they are not reflective of VMware’s core business and operating results.
  • Acquisition, disposition and other-related items. As VMware does not acquire or dispose of businesses on a predictable cycle and the terms of each transaction can vary significantly and are unique to each transaction, VMware believes it is useful to exclude acquisition, disposition and other-related items when looking for a consistent basis for comparison across accounting periods. These items include:
    • Direct costs of acquisitions and dispositions, such as transaction and advisory fees.
    • Accruals for the portion of merger consideration payable in installments that may be paid in cash or VMware stock, at the option of VMware.
    • Gains or losses on equity investments, whether realized or unrealized, including, a gain of $781 million, which related to VMware’s investment in Pivotal to adjust it to its fair value during the first quarter of fiscal 2019.
    • Charges recognized for non-recoverable strategic investments or gains recognized on the disposition of strategic investments are included as other-related items.
    • Gains or losses on sale or disposal of distinct lines of business or product offerings, or transactions with features similar to discontinued operations, including recoveries or charges recognized to adjust the fair value of assets that qualify as “held for sale.”
    • Certain costs incurred related to Dell’s acquisition of VMware’s parent company, EMC Corporation.
  • Gain or loss on share repurchase. In December 2016, VMware entered into a stock purchase agreement with Dell and Dell’s wholly-owned subsidiary, EMC Equity Assets LLC, pursuant to which VMware agreed to purchase $500 million of VMware Class A common stock. Through December 31, 2016, VMware had purchased 4.8 million shares for $375 million, as well as recognized a derivative asset related to its obligation to repurchase $125 million of additional shares. The derivative asset was measured at fair value on a recurring basis and resulted in the recognition of gains and losses, which were recorded to other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of income. On February 15, 2017, the stock purchase agreement with Dell was completed. VMware’s management believes it is useful to exclude the mark-to-market adjustment on the derivative asset, as it is not reflective of VMware’s core business and operating results.
  • Certain litigation and other contingencies. VMware, from time to time, may incur charges or benefits that are outside of the ordinary course of VMware’s business related to litigation and other contingencies. VMware believes it is useful to exclude such charges or benefits because it does not consider such amounts to be part of the ongoing operation of VMware’s business and because of the singular nature of the claims underlying such matters.
  • Tax adjustment. Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to VMware’s annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on VMware’s estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating VMware’s non-GAAP income as well as discrete items, such as the estimated net tax expense recognized in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 in connection with the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on December 22, 2017. VMware’s estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that VMware management believes materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to VMware’s estimated annual tax rates as described above, the estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from the GAAP tax rate and from VMware’s actual tax liabilities.

Additionally, VMware’s management believes that the non-GAAP financial measure of free cash flows is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flows generated from operations after taking into consideration capital expenditures due to the fact that these expenditures are considered to be a necessary component of ongoing operations.

The use of non-GAAP financial measures has certain limitations because they do not reflect all items of income and expense that affect VMware’s operations. Specifically, in the case of stock-based compensation, if VMware did not pay out a portion of its compensation in the form of stock-based compensation and related employer payroll taxes, the cash salary expense included in operating expenses would be higher, which would affect VMware’s cash position. VMware compensates for these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or in isolation from, measures prepared in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered measures of VMware’s liquidity. Further, these non-GAAP measures may differ from the non-GAAP information used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore comparability may be limited.

Management encourages investors and others to review VMware’s financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.

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Source: VMware, Inc.

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